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Sphagnum

Sphagnum tenellum Bridel 1819

Comments

provided by eFloras
This species is similar to Sphagnum cuspidatulum, but it differs in the following features: 1) plants smaller; 2) stem leaves oblong-ligulate; 3) branch leaves broadly ovate to oblong-ovate; and 4) the hyaline cells of branch leaves with pores only at the opposite corners. In contrast, Sphagnum cuspidatulum has the following features: 1) plants larger and stouter; 2) stem leaves triangular; 3) branch leaves ovate-lanceolate; and 4) the hyaline cells of branch leaves with pores at the corners and along commissural rows.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Moss Flora of China Vol. 1: 46 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Moss Flora of China @ eFloras.org
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Gao Chien & Marshall R. Crosby
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Comments

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Sporophytes are common in Sphagnum tenellum. The delicate appearance created by the ovate and concave branch leaves as well as the large concave stem leaves make this a usually unmistakeable species.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 27: 62, 76, 81, 84, 96 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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Description

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Plants slender, rather soft, grayish green or yellowish brown, in loose cushions. Stem cortex in 2–3 layers, hyaline cells large, thin-walled, without fibrils and pores; central cylinder yellowish green. Stem leaves 1.0–1.4 mm × 0.5–0.6 mm, relatively large, oblong-ligulate, rounded-obtuse, often lacerate across the apex; borders narrow above, slightly widened near the base; hyaline cells usually not divided, fibrillose in the upper half or nearly to the base, with pores at the upper and lower corners and with ringed pores at the opposite sides along commissural rows on the dorsal surface, with pores at the opposite corners on the ventral surface. Branches in fascicles of 2–4, with 1–2 spreading. Branch leaves 1.0–1.5 mm × 0.5–0.6 mm, broadly ovate to oblong-ovate, concave, secund when dry, blunt and dentate at the apex; hyaline cells narrowly rhomboidal, densely fibrillose, with pores at the upper and lower corners and with ringed pores at the opposite sides along commissural rows on the dorsal surface, with pores at the opposite corners on the ventral surface; green cells in cross section triangular or trapezoidal, exposed on the dorsal surface, enclosed by hyaline cells or slightly exposed on the ventral surface. Dioicous; antheridial branches yellowish brown. Perigonial leaves similar to vegetative branch leaves in size and shape, yellowish brown. Perichaetial leaves large, concave, dentate at the apex; hyaline cells rarely fibrillose, with pores similar to those of stem leaves. Capsules small. Spores yellowish, smooth, ca. 38 µm in diameter.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Moss Flora of China Vol. 1: 46 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Moss Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Gao Chien & Marshall R. Crosby
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eFloras.org
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eFloras

Description

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Plants small, slender and weak-stemmed; pale yellow to golden brown, rarely tinged with red; capitulum not especially distinct. Stems pale green to pale brown; superficial cortex of 2-3 layers of enlarged thin-walled cells. Stem leaves ovate-lingulate; 1-1.3 mm, apex broadly rounded; hyaline cells nonseptate, aporose and fibrillose in at least distal half of leaf. Branches 2-3 spreading and 2 pendent leaves not much elongated at distal end. Branch stems green; cortex enlarged, with conspicuously long-necked retort cells. Branch leaves ovate, 1-1.5 mm; straight; not or weakly undulate or recurved when dry; margins entire; hyaline cells short and wide, convex surface with 1-3 small pores per cell and on concave surface with large round wall thinnings in the cell angles; chlorophyllous cells equilateral-triangular in transverse section, broadly exposed on convex surface and just reaching to well-enclosed on concave surface. Sexual condition monoicous. Spores 27-42 µm; both surfaces smooth, proximal surface with distinct bifurcated Y-mark sculpture surrounded by distinct circular border, distal surface with distinct raised border around margins; proximal laesura usually less than 0.4 spore radius.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 27: 62, 76, 81, 84, 96 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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eFloras.org
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Distribution

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Distribution: China, India, Japan, Europe, North America, and North Africa.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Moss Flora of China Vol. 1: 46 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Moss Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Gao Chien & Marshall R. Crosby
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eFloras.org
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Habitat

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Habitat: on wet ground under forests or near streams; also in bogs or on grasslands.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Moss Flora of China Vol. 1: 46 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Moss Flora of China @ eFloras.org
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Gao Chien & Marshall R. Crosby
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eFloras.org
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Synonym

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Sphagnum molluscum Bruch, Flora 8: 635. 1825.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Moss Flora of China Vol. 1: 46 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Moss Flora of China @ eFloras.org
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Gao Chien & Marshall R. Crosby
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eFloras.org
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Synonym

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Sphagnum cymbifolium var. tenellum Bridel, Musc. Recent. 2(1): 24. 1798; S. molluscum Bruch
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 27: 62, 76, 81, 84, 96 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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eFloras.org
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Sphagnum tenellumpers.; Brid. Muse. Recent. 2' : 223. 1798
Sphagnum moUuscum Bruch, Flora 8: 635. 1825.
Plants very small and delicate, yellowish-green or more or less tinged with brown. Woodcylinder yellowish-green; cortical cells of the stem in 2-3 layers, large with thin walls, the outer cells quadrilateral, longer than wide, without fibrils or pores: stem-leaves relatively large, lingulate, concave, ending in an abruptly involute tip, the border narrow, somewhat broadened below, the walls of its cells pitted; hyaline cells narrow below, broader near the apex (twice as long as wide), not divided, fibrillose to the base of the leaf or nearly so, on the inner surface the cells in the apex or near the outer margin showing large membrane-gaps, others with occasional pores or gaps in the ends or comers, on the outer surface mostly small ringed pores in the ends of fibrillose cells in the apical part, also in the side-comers: branches in fascicles of 3-5, 1-3 spreading, their cortical cells in a single layer, the retort-cells very large with long necks, commonly a second one above the first: branch-leaves loosely spreading, sometimes more or less subsecund, very small, ovate, strongly concave, involute in the upper part, the apex toothed, the border entire, of 2-3 rows of narrow cells; hyaline cells fibrillose, 6-8 times as long as wide at the base, shorter above to 2-3 times in the apex, on the inner surface with large and obscurely defined pores in the ends or corners of the cells, not more than 3 per cell, on the outer surface with small round strongly ringed pores in the ends or corners, not more than 3 per cell: chlorophyl-cells in section broadly triangular with a bulging convex base exposed on the outer surface, the apex sometimes exposed on the inner surface of the leaf, more commonly included ; hyaline cells strongly convex on the inner surface, up to one half of the diameter of the cell or rather more.
Dioicous. Antheridia in catkins on spreading branches; antheridial leaves pigmented yellow or brown, otherwise hardly differentiated from normal branch-leaves. Fruiting branches erect, short and small; perichaetial leaves large, ovate with an acute apex, strongly concave, composed of both kinds of cells, the hyaline cells often fibrillose, the non-fibrillose hyaline cells of the apical part showing round or elongate membrane-gaps on the inner surface : capsule brown: spores greenish-yellow, 24—30 ju in diameter, smooth.
Type locality: Harz Mountains, Germany.
Distribution: Labrador to New Jersey ; Vancouver Island to Alaska; also in Europe and Asia.
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bibliographic citation
Albert LeRoy Andrews, Elizabeth Gertrude Britton, Julia Titus Emerson. 1961. SPHAGNALES-BRYALES; SPHAGNACEAE; ANDREAEACEAE, ARCHIDIACEAE, BRUCHIACEAE, DITRICHACEAE, BRYOXIPHIACEAE, SELIGERIACEAE. North American flora. vol 15(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Sphagnum tenellum

provided by wikipedia EN

Sphagnum tenellum is a species of moss belonging to the family Sphagnaceae.[1]

It is native to Europe, Japan and America.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "Sphagnum tenellum Bridel, 1819". www.gbif.org. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
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Sphagnum tenellum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Sphagnum tenellum is a species of moss belonging to the family Sphagnaceae.

It is native to Europe, Japan and America.

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