dcsimg

Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes aquatic, other times terrestrial but often growing in seasonally wet habitats. Leaves usually opposite and decussate at least near the base, sometimes whorled or arranged in a rosette, occasionally alternate above, rarely floating. Flowers solitary and axillary or arranged in terminal racemes or axillary fascicles. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip usually 2-lobed; lobes of the upper lip exterior in bud (covering lobes of lower lip); lower lip usually larger and 3-lobed; corolla without pouches, pockets or spurs near base of corolla tube or limb. Stamens 4, all fertile or only upper pair fertile and with 2 staminodes; all stamens and staminodes arising at the top of corolla tube or in the throat, anterior ones usually with appendages at base, rarely simple (Lindernia conferta); anther thecae 2, distinct or confluent. Nectary present or absent. Ovary 2-locular with many ovules in each loculus. Fruit a capsule. Seeds usually small and numerous.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Linderniaceae Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=291
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Linderniaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

Linderniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales, which consists of about 13 genera and 195 species from worldwide, mainly in neotropics.

In other classifications it used to be included within family Scrophulariaceae sensu lato or more recently in Plantaginaceae sensu lato, but several authors have demonstrated that this taxon should be segregated[2][3] from those families, as Linderniaceae,[4] and it has been recognized by LAPG II[5] and APG III.[1]

List of genera

Compiled from source GRIN:[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. 2005. Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae. American Journal of Botany 92: 297–315.
  3. ^ Oxelman B., Kornhall, P., Olmstead, R. G. & Bremer, B. (2005). "Further disintegration of Scrophulariaceae". Taxon 54(2):411–425.
  4. ^ Rahmanzadeh, R., K. Müller, E. Fischer, D. Bartels & T. Borsch. 2005. The Linderniaceae and Gratiolaceae are further lineages distinct from the Scrophulariaceae (Lamiales). Pl. Biol. ( Stuttgart) 7: 67-78.
  5. ^ Haston, E., Richardson, J. E., Stevens, P. F., Chase, M. W., Harris, D. J. (2007). "A linear sequence of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II families". Taxon. 56 (1): 7–12. doi:10.2307/25065731. JSTOR 25065731.
  6. ^ GRIN "Germplasm Resources Information Network". Agricultural Research Service. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
  7. ^ "Lindernia All". A Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Missouri Botanical Garden and Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.
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Linderniaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Linderniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales, which consists of about 13 genera and 195 species from worldwide, mainly in neotropics.

In other classifications it used to be included within family Scrophulariaceae sensu lato or more recently in Plantaginaceae sensu lato, but several authors have demonstrated that this taxon should be segregated from those families, as Linderniaceae, and it has been recognized by LAPG II and APG III.

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