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Montipora aequituberculata

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Montipora aequituberculata is a species of stony coral in the family Acroporidae.[2] It is a common coral in shallow water in the Indo-Pacific region.

Distribution and habitat

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Montipora aequituberculata

Montipora aequituberculata is native to the Indo-Pacific region. Its range extends from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, through the Indian Ocean to Japan, the East China Sea, Australia and the west and central Pacific. It is found on the upper parts of reef slopes where it may be the most predominant species.[1]

Biology

Montipora aequituberculata is a zooxanthellate species of coral.[2] It obtains most of its nutritional needs from the symbiotic dinoflagellates that live inside its soft tissues. These photosynthetic organisms provide the coral with organic carbon and nitrogen, sometimes providing up to 90% of their host's energy needs for metabolism and growth. Its remaining needs are met by the planktonic organisms caught by the tentacles of the polyps.[3]

Status

Like other reef corals, Montipora aequituberculata is threatened by habitat destruction. Rising sea temperatures can cause "bleaching" because the symbiotic zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral's tissues, leaving the coral colorless. The bleaching event results in very high coral mortality soon after. Stressed corals are more susceptible to disease. Other threats are posed by El Nino events, ocean acidification which tends to dissolve the coral skeleton, trawling and other fishing activities, pollution and sedimentation. This is a common species in shallow reef environments and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern".[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c DeVantier, L.; Hodgson, G.; Huang, D.; Johan, O.; Licuanan, A.; Obura, D.; Sheppard, C.; Syahrir, M.; Turak, E. (2013). "Montipora aequituberculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2015.old-form url
  2. ^ a b c "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Montipora aequituberculata Bernard, 1897". Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  3. ^ Ruppert, Edward E.; Fox, Richard, S.; Barnes, Robert D. (2004). Invertebrate Zoology (7th ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 122. ISBN 978-81-315-0104-7.
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Montipora aequituberculata: Brief Summary

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Montipora aequituberculata is a species of stony coral in the family Acroporidae. It is a common coral in shallow water in the Indo-Pacific region.

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Biology

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zooxanthellate
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bibliographic citation
Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em> Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em> van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]

Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Colonies are composed of thin laminae often arranged in oblique overlapping whorls. Corallites are immersed or exsert and are surrounded by thecal papillae. These are frequently fused into short ridges and may form hoods over the corallites. Reticulum papillae are thick and highly fused. Colour: usually a uniform brown, cream or purple, sometimes with pale margins. Abundance: Very common and may be a dominant species on sheltered upper reef slopes (Veron, 1986). Colonies consist of thin plates often growing in tiers and whorls. The upper surface is papillate. Colour: cream to khaki brown with pale margins. Habitat: occasionally dominant on sheltered, shallow reefs (Richmond, 1997).
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cc-by-4.0
copyright
WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em> Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em> van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]