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Noctuoidea ( Asturian )

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Los noctuoideos (Noctuoidea, del llatín noctua, "búho nocherniegu") son una superfamilia de lepidópteros glosaos del cladu Ditrysia que tien el mayor númberu d'especies descrites pa cualquier superfamilia de Lepidoptera, unes 70.000.[1] [2]

La so clasificación nun foi entá resuelta satisfactoriamente y entá ye inestable. Ver Kitching y Rawlins, 1999, pa una revisión.[3]

Referencies

  1. (n'inglés) Tree of Life Noctuoidea.
  2. (n'inglés) Clasificación de Noctuoidea
  3. Kitching, I. J. y Rawlins, J. E. 1999.
  • Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. 2002. Ed. Christopher O'Toole, ISBN 1-55297-612-2

Enllaces esternos

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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Asturian )

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Los noctuoideos (Noctuoidea, del llatín noctua, "búho nocherniegu") son una superfamilia de lepidópteros glosaos del cladu Ditrysia que tien el mayor númberu d'especies descrites pa cualquier superfamilia de Lepidoptera, unes 70.000.

La so clasificación nun foi entá resuelta satisfactoriamente y entá ye inestable. Ver Kitching y Rawlins, 1999, pa una revisión.

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Noctuoïdeus ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Els noctuoïdeus (Noctuoidea) són una superfamília de papallones nocturnes.

Taxonomia

La classificació d'aquesta superfamília es troba actualment en un estat de fluïdesa. En la classificació antiga tenia més de 70000 espècies.

Les classificacions més recents han deixat només algunes famílies en aquesta superfamília:

Les famílies següents han passat a ser subfamílies de les Noctuidae:

Cladograma

Macrolepidoptera Rhopalocera Papilionoidea

Papilionidae



Pieridae




Riodinidae



Lycaenidae




Nymphalidae






Hesperiidae

Coeliadinae




Euschemoninae




Eudaminae



Pyrginae



Heteropterinae




Trapezitinae



Hesperiinae









Hedylidae





Geometroidea



Drepanoidea




Axiidae



Callidulidae



Noctuoidea




Bombycoidea



Lasiocampoidea



Mimallonidae



Referències

  • Kitching, I. J. and Rawlins, J. E. (1999). The Noctuoidea. Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Volum 1

Kristensen, pp. 355-401. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

  • Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders, editat per Christopher O'Toole, ISBN 1-55297-612-2, 2002

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Noctuoïdeus: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Els noctuoïdeus (Noctuoidea) són una superfamília de papallones nocturnes.

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Noctuoidea ( German )

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Wissenschaftlicher Name Noctuoidea Latreille, 1809
 src=
Raupe der Achateule (Phlogophora meticulosa)

Die Noctuoidea sind eine Überfamilie der Schmetterlinge (Lepidoptera). Mit etwa 70.000 Arten ist sie die mit Abstand größte und gleichzeitig weltweit am meisten verbreitete Überfamilie der Schmetterlinge. Sie umfasst in Europa 2250 Arten und Unterarten.[1] Sowohl die Falter als auch die Raupen umfassen eine große Vielfalt an Körpergrößen, Körperfarben, Lebensweisen und ökologischen Anpassungen.[2]

Merkmale

Falter

Auch wenn die Falter in ihrer Gestalt und Größe sehr unterschiedlich sind, so haben doch viele Arten einen kräftigen und robusten Körperbau.[3] Die Monophylie ist sehr gut durch die Tympanalorgane am Metathorax und die mit ihnen zusammengehörigen Strukturen am Hinterleib begründet. Mit diesen Organen können die Tiere Ultraschalllaute unterschiedlicher Frequenzen wahrnehmen. Es wird vermutet, dass die Hauptfunktion der Tympanalorgane in der Erkennung der Ultraschalllaute von jagenden Fledermäusen liegt. Es gibt jedoch auch einige Hinweise darauf, dass sie für den Empfang von Paarungssignalen eingesetzt werden.[2]

Auf jeder Seite des Thorax ist das Metepimeron hinten so modifiziert, dass sich eine Einbuchtung ergibt, in der die Membran des Tympanalorgans (Tympanum) liegt. Die Membran ist in der Regel durch das Epaulette vom Metepimeron getrennt. Vor dem Epaulette kann das Metepimeron membranös sein. Dorsomedial zum Tympanalorgan liegt das Gegentympanum, das mit diesem durch die gleiche Luftkammer verbunden ist. Diese zweite Membran fungiert wahrscheinlich als ein zusätzliches Resonanzorgan. Die Vorderseite des ersten Hinterleibssegmentes kann stark nach innen gestülpt sein und so ein paar Einbuchtungen für die Gegentympana bilden. Seitlich kann sich eine sklerotisierte Klappe befinden, die vor oder nach dem Stigma des ersten Hinterleibssegments liegt. Sie dient vermutlich dazu, empfangene Geräusche zu lokalisieren. Die genaue Funktion dieser Klappe ist aber noch nicht vollständig erforscht.[2]

Innerhalb der Noctuoidea treten zwei Muster der Flügeladerung an den Vorderflügeln auf. Bei der plesiomorphen Variante entspringt M2 auf halber Länge von M1 und M3 zwischen diesen. Dadurch ergibt sich eine Dreiteilung ab der unteren Ecke der Diskalzelle. Diese „trifide“ Flügeladerung tritt bei der Gattung Oenosandra und den Doidae und Zahnspinnern auf. Bei der zweiten Variante entspringt M2 sehr nahe an M3, ist mit dieser verwachsen oder mit ihr gestielt. Diese vierteilige beziehungsweise zw. „quadrifide“ Flügeladerung tritt bei allen übrigen Noctuoidea auf, mit Ausnahme derer, bei denen dieses Merkmal wiederum so weiterentwickelt ist, dass die Adern so miteinander verschmolzen sind, dass man weniger Äste erkennen kann. Auch bei den Tympanalorganen gibt es zwei wesentliche Baupläne. Bei den Doidae, den Zahnspinnern und einigen Arten der Syntomini ist das Metepimeron dorsal stark konkav, was bewirkt, dass die Membran ventral orientiert ist. Epaulette und Klappe am Gegentympanum fehlen in diesem Fall. Bei der Gattung Oenosandra und den quadrifinen Familien der Gruppe ist das Metepimeron maximal nur wenig konkav, wodurch die Membran nach vorne orientiert ist. Epaulette und Klappe am Gegentympanum sind ausgebildet. Bei den Notodontidae wird das Tympanum nur durch eine akustische Sinneszelle angeregt, wohingegen bei den Noctuidae zwei ausgebildet sind. Die Ausbildung dieses Merkmals ist jedoch noch nicht ausreichend gut erforscht.[2]

Eier

Die Eier sind vom aufrechten Typ.[3]

Raupen

Die Raupen haben mittig am Rücken des Metathorax zwei Borsten, die vermutlich mit Ausnahme der Oenosandridae eine gute Synapomorphie der Überfamilie darstellen. Diese Borsten sind allerdings bei den mitunter stark behaarten Untergruppen nur schwer zu lokalisieren. Andere Merkmale der Raupen, die in älterer Literatur genannt werden, sind plesiomorph.[2]

Lebensweise

Die Raupen der meisten Arten ernähren sich auf Pflanzen sitzend, es gibt jedoch auch eine Reihe von Arten, die sich als Bohrer in den Pflanzen entwickeln.[3]

Systematik

Die Gruppe umfasst etwa 70.000 Arten in über 7200 Gattungen. Kristensen (2003) unterteilt die Noctuoidea in acht Familien, die wiederum in drei Untergruppen aufgeteilt werden: Oenosandridae, Doidae + Notodontidae sowie die quadrifiden restlichen Familien (Noctuidae, Pantheidae, Lymantriidae, Nolidae und Arctiidae).[2] Lafontaine und Fibiger haben 2006 eine revidierte Klassifikation der Noctuoidea vorgestellt, in der mehrere Gruppen im Familienrang (Nolidae, Lymantriidae, Pantheidae, Arctiidae) auf Unterfamilienniveau der Noctuidae gesetzt wurden. Die folgende Systematik bis auf Unterfamilienniveau richtet sich nach Lafontaine und Fibiger (2006):[4]

Belege

  1. Noctuoidea bei Fauna Europaea. Abgerufen am 26. Februar 2011
  2. a b c d e f Niels P. Kristensen: Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. In: Maximilian Fischer (Hrsg.): Handbook of Zoology. 1. Auflage. Band 4Arthropoda: Insecta, Teilband 35. de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1998, ISBN 3-11-015704-7 (englisch).
  3. a b c Malcolm J. Scoble: The Lepidoptera: Form, Function and Diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1995, ISBN 0-19-854952-0 (englisch).
  4. J. Donald Lafontaine und Michael Fibiger: Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist, 138: 610-635, Ottawa 2006 ISSN 0008-347X

Literatur

  • Niels P. Kristensen: Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. In: Maximilian Fischer (Hrsg.): Handbook of Zoology. 1. Auflage. Band 4Arthropoda: Insecta, Teilband 35. de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1998, ISBN 3-11-015704-7 (englisch).
  • Malcolm J. Scoble: The Lepidoptera: Form, Function and Diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1995, ISBN 0-19-854952-0 (englisch).
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( German )

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 src= Raupe der Achateule (Phlogophora meticulosa)

Die Noctuoidea sind eine Überfamilie der Schmetterlinge (Lepidoptera). Mit etwa 70.000 Arten ist sie die mit Abstand größte und gleichzeitig weltweit am meisten verbreitete Überfamilie der Schmetterlinge. Sie umfasst in Europa 2250 Arten und Unterarten. Sowohl die Falter als auch die Raupen umfassen eine große Vielfalt an Körpergrößen, Körperfarben, Lebensweisen und ökologischen Anpassungen.

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Noctuoidea

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Noctuoidea is the superfamily of noctuid (Latin "night owl") or "owlet" moths, and has more than 70,000 described species, the largest number of for any Lepidopteran superfamily. Its classification has not yet reached a satisfactory or stable state. Since the end of the 20th century, increasing availability of molecular phylogenetic data for this hugely successful radiation has led to several competing proposals for a taxonomic arrangement that correctly represents the relationships between the major lineages.

Briefly, the disputes center on the fact that in old treatments (which were just as unable to reach a general consensus) the distinctness of some groups, such as the Arctiidae or Lymantriidae, was overrated due to their characteristic appearance, while some less-studied lineages conventionally held to be Noctuidae are in fact quite distinct. This requires a rearrangement at least of the latter family (by simply including anything disputed within it). This is quite unwieldy, and various more refined treatments have been proposed in response to it. While there is general agreement on what the basal families of Noctuoidea are, the more diverse advanced group may be treated as one all-encompassing Noctuidae, two huge and two smaller, or even (if Arctiidae or Lymantriidae are kept distinct) more than four families, which are in some cases still quite sizeable.

Recent developments

There are several recent studies suggesting a radical change in the traditional family level classification. Recent works in redefining the families within the Noctuoidea has been carried out by Kitching (1984), Poole (1995), Kitching and Rawlins [1998], Speidel et al. (1996), Mitchell et al. (1997, 2000, 2006), Fibiger and Lafontaine (2005), Lafontaine and Fibiger (2006) and Zahiri et al. (2010).

The Noctuoidea can be divided into two broad groups, those with a trifid forewing venation (Oenosandridae, Notodontidae and Doidae), and those with a quadrifid forewing venation (e.g., Arctiidae, Lymantriidae, Nolidae, Noctuidae). What has emerged from these investigations is that the quadrifid Noctuoidea form a monophyletic group. In 2005, Fibiger and Lafontaine arranged the quadrifid (forewing) group into several families, including the quadrifine (hindwing) Erebidae and trifine (hindwing) Noctuidae, based on evidence that suggested that the trifine noctuid subfamilies were derived from within the quadrifine subfamilies, so the family Erebidae would not be strictly monophyletic.

Lafontaine and Fibiger in 2006 then redefined the Noctuidae to include the entire quadrifid group, believing the Arctiidae, Lymantriidae, and Nolidae to be derived from within this expanded concept of Noctuidae (and closely related to the subfamily Catocalinae). In essence, groups such as the Arctiidae, which had previously been treated as a separate family, were more closely related to groups within the Noctuidae than to non-noctuid families. In order to address this, a revised classification would have meant either recognizing over 20 (often weakly defined) families, or a single well-defined family with numerous subfamilies. The latter was adopted (Lafontaine and Fibiger 2006).

More recent evidence from nuclear genes (Zahiri et al. 2010) confirms that the quadrifid (forewing) noctuoids form a monophyletic group, but also that this group can be further arranged into four monophyletic subgroups: 1) the quadrifine subfamilies; 2) the trifine subfamilies; 3) the Nolinae; and 4) the Euteliinae. Considering the massive size of the family, and the large number of subfamilies, tribes, and subtribes to arrange into a classification, Zahiri et al. (2010) chose the option of recognizing these four groups as families, namely Erebidae, Noctuidae, Nolidae, and Euteliidae, in addition to the basal trifid families.

Systematics

This follows Lafontaine & Fibiger (2006), with the additions of Thiacidinae Hacker & Zilli, 2007 and taxa in Micronoctuidae Fibiger, 2005. Note that the placement of Arctiidae, Lymantriidae and Nolidae as subfamilies of Noctuidae has been largely rejected by subsequent authors. An updated classification for North American Noctuoidea has recently been published (Lafontaine & Schmidt, 2010) and further changes are imminent for a global molecular review of the superfamily (Zahiri et al., in press).

References

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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary

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Noctuoidea is the superfamily of noctuid (Latin "night owl") or "owlet" moths, and has more than 70,000 described species, the largest number of for any Lepidopteran superfamily. Its classification has not yet reached a satisfactory or stable state. Since the end of the 20th century, increasing availability of molecular phylogenetic data for this hugely successful radiation has led to several competing proposals for a taxonomic arrangement that correctly represents the relationships between the major lineages.

Briefly, the disputes center on the fact that in old treatments (which were just as unable to reach a general consensus) the distinctness of some groups, such as the Arctiidae or Lymantriidae, was overrated due to their characteristic appearance, while some less-studied lineages conventionally held to be Noctuidae are in fact quite distinct. This requires a rearrangement at least of the latter family (by simply including anything disputed within it). This is quite unwieldy, and various more refined treatments have been proposed in response to it. While there is general agreement on what the basal families of Noctuoidea are, the more diverse advanced group may be treated as one all-encompassing Noctuidae, two huge and two smaller, or even (if Arctiidae or Lymantriidae are kept distinct) more than four families, which are in some cases still quite sizeable.

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Noktuoedoj ( Esperanto )

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Noktuoedoj (scienca nomo: Noctuoidea) estas superfamilio de "noktostrigaj" aŭ "strigetaj" noktopapilioj. Ĝi enhavas pli ol 70 000 priskribitaj specioj, la plej granda nombro por ia lepidoptera superfamilio. Ĝia klasado ne jam kontente stabiliĝas. La pligrandiĝanta disponebleco de molekula filogenetika informoj ekde la fino de 20-a jarcento por ĉi tiu ege sukcesa radiado direktis al iaj konkurantaj proponoj por taksonomia aranĝoj por priskribi la superfamiliajn taksonojn.

Taksonoj kaj kelkaj specioj

Aliaj familioj de noktopapilioj:

Referencoj

  1. Vd la artikolon Arktienoj pri ŝanĝoj de klasado
  2. Moteoj = Tineedoj laŭ NPIV [1]
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Noktuoedoj: Brief Summary ( Esperanto )

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Noktuoedoj (scienca nomo: Noctuoidea) estas superfamilio de "noktostrigaj" aŭ "strigetaj" noktopapilioj. Ĝi enhavas pli ol 70 000 priskribitaj specioj, la plej granda nombro por ia lepidoptera superfamilio. Ĝia klasado ne jam kontente stabiliĝas. La pligrandiĝanta disponebleco de molekula filogenetika informoj ekde la fino de 20-a jarcento por ĉi tiu ege sukcesa radiado direktis al iaj konkurantaj proponoj por taksonomia aranĝoj por priskribi la superfamiliajn taksonojn.

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Noctuoidea ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Los noctuoideos (Noctuoidea, del latín noctua, "búho nocturno") son una superfamilia de lepidópteros glosados del clado Ditrysia que tiene el mayor número de especies descritas para cualquier superfamilia de Lepidoptera, unas 70.000.

Taxonomía

Su clasificación no ha sido aún resuelta satisfactoriamente y aún es inestable (ver las referencias para mejor comprensión).

Se reconocen los siguientes taxones:

Referencias

  • Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. 2002. Ed. Christopher O'Toole, ISBN 1-55297-612-2
  • Fibiger, M., 2007. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 1, Taxonomy of the Pollexinae. Zootaxa 1567: 1–116. (abstract)
  • Fibiger, M., 2008. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 2, Taxonomy of the Belluliinae, Magninae, and Parachrostiinae. Zootaxa 1867: 1–136. (abstract)
  • Hacker, H.H. & Zilli, A., 2007. Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie Memoir 3: 179-246.
  • Kitching, I.J. & Rawlins, J.E., 1999. The Noctuoidea. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, ed. N. P.Kristensen, pp. 355–401. Walter de Gruyter, Berlín.
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Fibiger, M., 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 138(5):610-635 (abstract) .
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, C., 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40: 1-239.
  • Nieukerken, Erik J. van et al. (2011). Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 212-221
  • O'Toole, C. (ed.), 2002. Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.
  • Zahiri, R., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J.D. & Wahlberg, N. (2010) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta, 40, 158–173.
  • Zahiri, Reza; et al. (2013). «Relationships among the basal lineages of Noctuidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on eight gene regions». Zoologica Scripta 42: 488-507. doi:10.1111/zsc.12022.
  • Zahiri, R., Lafontaine, J. D., Holloway, J. D., Kitching, I. J., Schmidt, B. C., Kaila, L. and Wahlberg, N. (2013). «Major lineages of Nolidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) elucidated by molecular phylogenetics». Cladistics. doi:10.1111/cla.12001.

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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Los noctuoideos (Noctuoidea, del latín noctua, "búho nocturno") son una superfamilia de lepidópteros glosados del clado Ditrysia que tiene el mayor número de especies descritas para cualquier superfamilia de Lepidoptera, unas 70.000.

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Noctuoidea ( Basque )

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Noctuoidea lepidopteroak sitsen goifamilia bat da. Itzena 70.000 espezieako egun gaueko azpifamiliako biltzen ditu.

Familia

(RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.log.warn("Gadget "ErrefAurrebista" was not loaded. Please migrate it to use ResourceLoader. See u003Chttps://eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berezi:Gadgetaku003E.");});
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Basque )

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Noctuoidea lepidopteroak sitsen goifamilia bat da. Itzena 70.000 espezieako egun gaueko azpifamiliako biltzen ditu.

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Yökkösmäiset ( Finnish )

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Yökkösmäiset (Noctuoidea) on yöllä tai hämärissä lentävien suurten ja keskikokoisten perhosten yläheimo. Sen suurimpia heimot ovat yökköset, siilikkäät, nirkot ja villakkaat.

Yökkösmäisiin kuuluvia heimoja

Lähteet

Tämä eläimiin liittyvä artikkeli on tynkä. Voit auttaa Wikipediaa laajentamalla artikkelia.
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Yökkösmäiset: Brief Summary ( Finnish )

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Yökkösmäiset (Noctuoidea) on yöllä tai hämärissä lentävien suurten ja keskikokoisten perhosten yläheimo. Sen suurimpia heimot ovat yökköset, siilikkäät, nirkot ja villakkaat.

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Noctuoidea ( French )

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Les Noctuoidea sont une super-famille de l'ordre des lépidoptères (papillons), la plus diversifiée de cet ordre, avec près de 42 400 espèces[1].

Systématique et liste des familles

Les progrès de la phylogénétique moléculaire dans les années 2000 et 2010 ont considérablement transformé la classification des Noctuoidea[2],[3]. Certaines familles ont été redécoupées et d'autres sont devenues obsolètes, le cas le plus spectaculaire étant l'absorption des anciens Arctiidae, des anciens Lymantriidae et d'une partie des Noctuidae par la famille des Erebidae.

Six familles de Noctuoidea sont actuellement reconnues[1] :

Noms vernaculaires

Les Noctuoidea incluent les « noctuelles » (Noctuidae et une partie des Erebidae), les « écailles » (ex-Arctiidae), certains « bombyx » (ex-Lymantriidae), et les « notodontes » (Notodontidae).

Références

  1. a et b (en) Nieukerken, E.J. et al., « Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z-Q, editor. 2011. Animal Biodiversity: An outline of higher classification and survey of taxonomic richness », Zootaxa, vol. 3148,‎ 2011, p. 212–221 (lire en ligne, consulté le 7 septembre 2017).
  2. Zahiri et al., 2011.
  3. Regier et al., 2017.

Voir aussi

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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( French )

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Les Noctuoidea sont une super-famille de l'ordre des lépidoptères (papillons), la plus diversifiée de cet ordre, avec près de 42 400 espèces.

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Noctuoidea ( Croatian )

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Noctuoidea, nadporodica leptira u falangi Ditrysia koja se sastoji od osam porodica. Ime dobiva po najvažnijoj porodici sovice ili Noctuidae

Porodice

Izvori

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Na Zajedničkom poslužitelju postoje datoteke vezane uz: Noctuoidea
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Croatian )

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Noctuoidea, nadporodica leptira u falangi Ditrysia koja se sastoji od osam porodica. Ime dobiva po najvažnijoj porodici sovice ili Noctuidae

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Noctuoidea ( Latin )

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Noctuoidea (Anglice night owl, owlet) sunt superfamilia papilionum cui sunt maximus numerus specierum omnium superfamiliarum Lepidopterorum. Eorum classificatio non iam est idonea et stabilis. Recentissimae classificationes quattuor familias in superfamilia comprehendunt: Noctuidas, Oenosandridas, Doidas, Notodontidas. Reliquae familiae quattuor hic descriptae nunc habentur subfamiliae inter Noctuidas.

Taxinomia

Hoc systema Lafontaine & Fibiger (2006) sequitur, cum Thiacidinis Hacker & Zilli, 2007, et taxis in Micronoctuidis Fibiger, 2005. Locus Arctiidarum, Lymantriidarum, et Nolidarum ut subfamiliae Noctuidarum non iam late accipitur. Classificatio retractata pro Noctuoideis Americae Septentrionalis nuper vulgata est (Lafontaine & Schmidt, 2010), et mutationes addita sunt praesentes (Zahiri et al., in prelo).

Bibliographia

  • Fibiger, M. 2007. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 1, Taxonomy of the Pollexinae. 1567:1–116. Pagina Zootaxa apud situm mapress.com. (Abstractum) apud situm mapress.com.
  • Fibiger, M. 2008. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 2, Taxonomy of the Belluliinae, Magninae, and Parachrostiinae. Pagina Zootaxa apud situm mapress.com. 1867: 1–136. Abstractum apud situm mapress.com
  • Hacker, H. H., et A. Zilli. 2007. Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie, 179-246. Memoir 3 apud situm esperiana.net.
  • Kitching, I. J., et J. E. Rawlins. 1999. The Noctuoidea. In Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, ed. N. P. Kristensen, 355-401. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, 1. Berolini: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Lafontaine, J. D., et M. Fibiger. 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 138(5):610-635. (abstract).
  • Lafontaine, J. D., et C. Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40: 1-239 Pagina apud situm pensoftonline.net.
  • O'Toole, Christopher, ed. 2002. Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.
  • Zahiri, R., I. J. Kitching, J. D. Lafontaine, M. Mutanen, L. Kaila, J, D. Holloway, et N. Wahlberg. In prelo. A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). "Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution" apud situm elsevier.com.

Nexus interni

Nexus externi

Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Noctuoidea" apud Vicispecies.
  • Noctuoidea apud situm tolweb.org (Arbor Vitae)
  • Noctuoidea apud situm users.utu.fi (de studiis R. Zahiri)
Insecta Haec stipula ad insectum spectat. Amplifica, si potes!
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Latin )

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Noctuoidea (Anglice night owl, owlet) sunt superfamilia papilionum cui sunt maximus numerus specierum omnium superfamiliarum Lepidopterorum. Eorum classificatio non iam est idonea et stabilis. Recentissimae classificationes quattuor familias in superfamilia comprehendunt: Noctuidas, Oenosandridas, Doidas, Notodontidas. Reliquae familiae quattuor hic descriptae nunc habentur subfamiliae inter Noctuidas.

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Noctuoidea ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Insecten

De Noctuoidea vormen een superfamilie van vlinders (Lepidoptera). De superfamilie omvat tussen 42.000 en 70.000 soorten in 4200 geslachten.

Er is recent veel discussie geweest over de onderverdeling van de familie, met name omdat de uilen (Noctuidae) in de toenmalige indeling geen monofyletische groep vormden. Lafontaine en Fibiger deden in 2005 en 2006 twee voorstellen om dat op te lossen.[1][2] Bij het ene voorstel zou de familie Noctuidae flink uitgebreid worden, in het andere zou er juist een deel worden afgesplitst en met de beervlinders en donsvlinders in de nieuwe familie spinneruilen (Erebidae) worden geplaatst. Aanvankelijk kreeg de uitbreiding van de uilen meer steun, maar later keerde het tij nadat de keuze ondersteund werd door moleculair onderzoek.[3] Bijvoorbeeld Fauna Europaea houdt de nieuwe indeling aan.[4] In veel bronnen is nog de oude indeling te vinden.[5]

Families

De Noctuoidea omvatten de volgende families:

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
  1. Fibiger, M.; Lafontaine, J.D. 2005: A review of the higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) with special reference to the Holarctic fauna. Esperiana, 11: 7-92.
  2. Lafontaine, J.D.; Fibiger, M. 2006: Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian entomologist, 138: 610-635. abstract[dode link]
  3. Zahiri, R., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J.D. & Wahlberg, N. (2011) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica scripta 40(2): 158-173. DOI:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00459.x.
  4. Taxonomische informatie over Noctuoidea bij Fauna Europaea.
  5. Zie bijvoorbeeld [1]
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Dutch; Flemish )

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De Noctuoidea vormen een superfamilie van vlinders (Lepidoptera). De superfamilie omvat tussen 42.000 en 70.000 soorten in 4200 geslachten.

Er is recent veel discussie geweest over de onderverdeling van de familie, met name omdat de uilen (Noctuidae) in de toenmalige indeling geen monofyletische groep vormden. Lafontaine en Fibiger deden in 2005 en 2006 twee voorstellen om dat op te lossen. Bij het ene voorstel zou de familie Noctuidae flink uitgebreid worden, in het andere zou er juist een deel worden afgesplitst en met de beervlinders en donsvlinders in de nieuwe familie spinneruilen (Erebidae) worden geplaatst. Aanvankelijk kreeg de uitbreiding van de uilen meer steun, maar later keerde het tij nadat de keuze ondersteund werd door moleculair onderzoek. Bijvoorbeeld Fauna Europaea houdt de nieuwe indeling aan. In veel bronnen is nog de oude indeling te vinden.

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Noctuoidea ( Norwegian )

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Noctuoidea (uttales «nåkto-å-íde-a») er en stor gruppe av sommerfuglene, vanligvis ansett som en overfamilie. Halvparten av artene hører til nattflyene, noe som også gjenspeiles av det vitenskapelige navnet, som betyr «de som ligner på nattflyene». Andre store delgrupper er bjørne- og børstespinnerne. Også de resterende artene er overveiende natt- eller skumringsaktive.

Ny klassifikasjon

Lafontaine og Fibiger[1] kom fram til en ny fylogenetisk klassifikasjon, basert både på molekylære og morfologiske data. Denne bryter nokså mye med tradisjonelle klassifikasjoner av denne gruppen. Gruppene bjørnespinnere (Arctiidae), børstespinnere (Lymantriidae) og båtspinnere (Nolidae) ble alle ført som underfamilier til den store familien nattfly (Noctuidae). Etter Lafontaine og Fibigers klassifikasjon står disse familiene igjen i Noctuoidea: Oenosandridae, Doidae, Notodontidae, Micronoctuidae og Noctuidae.

Enda en ny klassifikasjon (2012)

En ny klassifikasjon, brukt blant annet i Fauna Europaea Web Service, deler Noctuoidea i fem familier (Doidae og Oenosandridae er ikke inkludert her siden de ikke forekommer i Europa):

Referanser

  1. ^ Lafontaine, J.D. og Fibiger, M. (2006) Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). The Canadian Entomologist 138: 610-635.

Litteratur

Eksterne lenker

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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Norwegian )

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Noctuoidea (uttales «nåkto-å-íde-a») er en stor gruppe av sommerfuglene, vanligvis ansett som en overfamilie. Halvparten av artene hører til nattflyene, noe som også gjenspeiles av det vitenskapelige navnet, som betyr «de som ligner på nattflyene». Andre store delgrupper er bjørne- og børstespinnerne. Også de resterende artene er overveiende natt- eller skumringsaktive.

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Noctuoidea ( Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan )

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Noctuoidea (nume comun: noctuidee) este o superfamilie de lepidoptere glosate din clada Ditrysia, care cuprinde cel mai mare număr de specii dintre toate superafamiliile de lepidoptere, adică aproximativ 70 000.

Clasificarea sa nu are în momentul de față un statut satisfăcător și stabil. [1]

Referințe

  1. ^ Kitching, I.J. & Rawlins, J.E., 1999. The Noctuoidea. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Volumul 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, ed. N. P.Kristensen, pp. 355-401. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

Legături externe

Wikispecies
Wikispecies conține informații legate de Noctuoidea


Morpho menelaus huebneri MHNT Male Dos.jpg Acest articol despre o specie a ordinului Lepidoptera este un ciot. Puteți ajuta Wikipedia prin completarea lui!


v d m
Arthropoda - Insecta - Superfamilii de lepidoptere Rhopalocera Nemophora degeerella Macrolepidoptera Microlepidoptera
Micro-ditrysia
Clade de bază
v d m
Familii ale ordinului Lepidoptera Regn: Animalia
Încrengătură: Arthropoda • Clasă: Insecta • Subclasă: Pterygota • Infraclasă: Neoptera • Superordin: Endopterygota Aglossata Glossata
Diviziunea DitrysiaAcrolepiidaeAcrolophidaeAgonoxenidaeAididaeAlucitidaeAnomoeotidaeAnthelidaeArctiidaeArrhenophanidaeBatrachedridaeBedelliidaeBlastobasidaeBombycidaeBrachodidaeBrahmaeidaeBucculatricidaeCallidulidaeCarposinidaeCarthaeidaeCastniidaeChimabachidaeChoreutidaeCimeliidaeColeophoridaeCopromorphidaeCosmopterigidaeCossidaeCrambidaeCyclotornidaeDalceridaeDoidaeDouglasiidaeDrepanidaeDudgeoneidaeElachistidaeEndromidaeEpermeniidaeEpicopeiidaeEpipyropidaeEriocottidaeEthmiidaeEupterotidaeGalacticidaeGelechiidaeGeometridaeGlyphipterigidaeGracillariidaeHedylidaeHeliodinidaeHesperiidaeHeterogynidaeHimantopteridaeHolcopogonidaeHyblaeidaeImmidaeLacturidaeLasiocampidaeLecithoceridaeLemoniidaeLimacodidaeLycaenidaeLymantriidaeLyonetiidaeLypusidaeMegalopygidaeMetachandidaeMicronoctuidaeMimallonidaeMomphidaeNoctuidaeNolidaeNotodontidaeNymphalidaeOecophoridaeOenosandridaePantheidaePapilionidaePhiditiidaePieridaePlutellidaePsychidaePterolonchidaePterophoridaePyralidaeRiodinidaeRoeslerstammiidaeSaturniidaeSchreckensteiniidaeScythrididaeSematuridaeSesiidaeSimaethistidaeSomabrachyidaeSphingidaeSymmocidaeThyrididaeTineidaeTineodidaeTortricidaeUraniidaeUrodidaeWhalleyanidaeYponomeutidaeYpsolophidaeZygaenidaeDiviziunea MonotrysiaAdelidaeCecidosidaeCrinopterygidaeHeliozelidaeIncurvariidaeNepticulidaeOpostegidaePalaephatidaeProdoxidaeTischeriidae
Heterobathmiina Zeugloptera
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan )

provided by wikipedia RO

Noctuoidea (nume comun: noctuidee) este o superfamilie de lepidoptere glosate din clada Ditrysia, care cuprinde cel mai mare număr de specii dintre toate superafamiliile de lepidoptere, adică aproximativ 70 000.

Clasificarea sa nu are în momentul de față un statut satisfăcător și stabil.

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Совкоподібні ( Ukrainian )

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  1. Бей-Биенко Г. Я. Общая энтомология: Учебник для университетов и сельхозвузов. — 3-е изд., Доп. — М.: Высшая школа, 1980. — С. 253


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Совкоподібні: Brief Summary ( Ukrainian )

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Бей-Биенко Г. Я. Общая энтомология: Учебник для университетов и сельхозвузов. — 3-е изд., Доп. — М.: Высшая школа, 1980. — С. 253


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Noctuoidea ( Vietnamese )

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Noctuoidea là một liên họ bướm đêm thuộc Bộ Cánh vẩy, có số lượng loài đã được miêu tả nhiều nhất trong bất kỳ liên họ nào của bộ Cánh vẩy. Việc phân loại chúng chưa đạt đến sự đồng thuận tuyệt đối. Cách phân loại gần đây nhất thì liên họ này chỉ có 4 họ: Noctuidae, Oenosandridae, Doidae, và Notodontidae. Bốn họ còn lại nêu trên hiện được xem là các phân họ trong họ Noctuidae.

Phân loại

Phân loại dưới đây theo Lafontaine & Fibiger (2006), có bổ sung phân họ Thiacidinae theo Hacker & Zilli, 2007 và Micronoctuidae theo Fibiger, 2005. Việc xếp Arctiidae, LymantriidaeNolidae thành phân họ của Noctuidae hiện chưa được chấp nhận rộng rãi. Phân loại đã được cập nhận cho các loài Noctuoidea ở Bắc Mỹ đã được công bố gần đây (Lafontaine & Schmidt, 2010) và sẽ có những thay đổi khi xem xét góc độ phân tử trên toàn cầu của liên họ này(Zahiri et al., in press).

Tham khảo

  • Fibiger, M., 2007. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 1, Taxonomy of the Pollexinae. Zootaxa 1567: 1–116. (abstract)
  • Fibiger, M., 2008. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 2, Taxonomy of the Belluliinae, Magninae, and Parachrostiinae. Zootaxa 1867: 1–136. (abstract)
  • Hacker, H.H. & Zilli, A., 2007. Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie Memoir 3: 179-246.
  • Kitching, I.J. & Rawlins, J.E., 1999. The Noctuoidea. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, ed. N. P.Kristensen, các trang 355–401. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Fibiger, M., 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 138(5):610-635 (abstract).
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, C., 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America phía bắc of Mexico. ZooKeys 40: 1-239.
  • O'Toole, C. (ed.), 2002. Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.
  • Zahiri, R., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J.D. & Wahlberg, N. (in press) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

Liên kết ngoài

 src= Wikispecies có thông tin sinh học về Noctuoidea
Hình tượng sơ khai Bài viết về Bộ Cánh vẩy này vẫn còn sơ khai. Bạn có thể giúp Wikipedia bằng cách mở rộng nội dung để bài được hoàn chỉnh hơn.
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Noctuoidea: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

provided by wikipedia VI

Noctuoidea là một liên họ bướm đêm thuộc Bộ Cánh vẩy, có số lượng loài đã được miêu tả nhiều nhất trong bất kỳ liên họ nào của bộ Cánh vẩy. Việc phân loại chúng chưa đạt đến sự đồng thuận tuyệt đối. Cách phân loại gần đây nhất thì liên họ này chỉ có 4 họ: Noctuidae, Oenosandridae, Doidae, và Notodontidae. Bốn họ còn lại nêu trên hiện được xem là các phân họ trong họ Noctuidae.

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Совкообразные ( Russian )

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Царство: Животные
Подцарство: Эуметазои
Без ранга: Первичноротые
Без ранга: Линяющие
Без ранга: Panarthropoda
Надкласс: Шестиногие
Класс: Насекомые
Надотряд: Amphiesmenoptera
Подотряд: Хоботковые
Клада: Двупорые
Клада: Obtectomera
Надсемейство: Совкообразные
Международное научное название

Noctuoidea

Семейства[1] Wikispecies-logo.svg
Систематика
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ITIS 117294NCBI 37570EOL 769FW 231113

Совкообразные[источник не указан 217 дней] (лат. Noctuoidea) — самое большое надсемейство отряда чешуекрылых по числу видов, которых более 70 000. Её классификация ещё не достигла стабильного состояния.

Надсемейство отличается характерным признаком — основание средней медиальной жилки (M2) на передних крыльях сильно приближено к основанию задней медиальной (M3), зацепка хорошо развита, в покое крылья складываются кровлеобразно[2].

Классификация

Актуальность
Данные в этой статье приведены по состоянию на 2010 год.
Вы можете помочь, обновив информацию в статье.

Примечания

  1. Van Nieukerken, Erik J., Lauri Kaila, Ian J. Kitching, Niels P. Kristensen, David C. Lees, Joël Minet, Charles Mitter, Marko Mutanen, Jerome C. Regier, Thomas J. Simonsen, Niklas Wahlberg, Shen-horn Yen, Reza Zahiri, David Adamski, Joaquin Baixeras, Daniel Bartsch, Bengt Å. Bengtsson, John W. Brown, Sibyl Rae Bucheli, Donald R. Davis, Jurate De Prins, Willy De Prins, Marc E. Epstein, Patricia Gentili-Poole, Cees Gielis, Peter Hättenschwiler, Axel Hausmann, Jeremy D. Holloway, Axel Kallies, Ole Karsholt, Akito Y. Kawahara, Sjaak (J.C.) Koster, Mikhail V. Kozlov, J. Donald Lafontaine, Gerardo Lamas, Jean-François Landry, Sangmi Lee, Matthias Nuss, Kyu-Tek Park, Carla Penz, Jadranka Rota, Alexander Schintlmeister, B. Christian Schmidt, Jae-Cheon Sohn, M. Alma Solis, Gerhard M. Tarmann, Andrew D. Warren, Susan Weller, Roman V. Yakovlev, Vadim V. Zolotuhin, Andreas Zwick. Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. (англ.) // In: Zhang Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. — Zootaxa : Журнал. — Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press, 2011. — Vol. 3148. — P. 212—221. — ISSN 1175-5326.
  2. Бей-Биенко Г. Я. Общая энтомология: Учебник для университетов и сельхозвузов. — 3-е изд., доп. — М.: Высш. школа, 1980. — С. 253.
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Совкообразные: Brief Summary ( Russian )

provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию

Совкообразные[источник не указан 217 дней] (лат. Noctuoidea) — самое большое надсемейство отряда чешуекрылых по числу видов, которых более 70 000. Её классификация ещё не достигла стабильного состояния.

Надсемейство отличается характерным признаком — основание средней медиальной жилки (M2) на передних крыльях сильно приближено к основанию задней медиальной (M3), зацепка хорошо развита, в покое крылья складываются кровлеобразно.

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夜蛾總科 ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

夜蛾總科(學名:Noctuoidea)是昆蟲綱鱗翅目之下的一個總科。本總科在傳統分類屬於蛾下目,今屬異脈下目新鱗翅類真鱗翅類支序。本總科之下包括有超過7萬個不同的物種,是鱗翅目之下物種最豐富的一個總科。

從20世紀末期開始,由於有分子支序親緣學英语Molecular phylogenetic數據的支持,這個有巨大成功的演化輻射的物種群導致多個相互競爭的分類學建議,以表達主要承傳間的關係。簡單來說:過往由於燈蛾科毒蛾科間的差異難以在形態學上分辨,本來希望分子支序親緣學能夠協助,但結果卻發現原來這兩個科原來本來是一家。

分類

包括下列七個科:

以下各科舊屬本總科:

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夜蛾總科: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

夜蛾總科(學名:Noctuoidea)是昆蟲綱鱗翅目之下的一個總科。本總科在傳統分類屬於蛾下目,今屬異脈下目新鱗翅類真鱗翅類支序。本總科之下包括有超過7萬個不同的物種,是鱗翅目之下物種最豐富的一個總科。

從20世紀末期開始,由於有分子支序親緣學(英语:Molecular phylogenetic)數據的支持,這個有巨大成功的演化輻射的物種群導致多個相互競爭的分類學建議,以表達主要承傳間的關係。簡單來說:過往由於燈蛾科毒蛾科間的差異難以在形態學上分辨,本來希望分子支序親緣學能夠協助,但結果卻發現原來這兩個科原來本來是一家。

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밤나방상과 ( Korean )

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밤나방상과(Noctuoidea)는 나방 상과의 하나로 나비목 중에서 가장 많은 종을 포함하고 있다. 분류 체계가 아직까지 만족할 만 하거나 안정적인 상태에 도달한 것은 아니다. 가장 최근의 분류 체계는 밤나방과오이노산드라과, 도아과, 재주나방과의 4개 과를 포함하고 있다. 아래 목록의 나머지 4개 과는 이제, 밤나방과에 속하는 아과로 간주하고 있다.

하위 분류

각주

  • Fibiger, M., 2007. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 1, Taxonomy of the Pollexinae. Zootaxa 1567: 1–116. (abstract)
  • Fibiger, M., 2008. Revision of the Micronoctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea). Part 2, Taxonomy of the Belluliinae, Magninae, and Parachrostiinae. Zootaxa 1867: 1–136. (abstract)
  • Hacker, H.H. & Zilli, A., 2007. Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie Memoir 3: 179-246.
  • Kitching, I.J. & Rawlins, J.E., 1999. The Noctuoidea. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography, ed. N. P.Kristensen, pp. 355-401. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Fibiger, M., 2006. Revised higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist[깨진 링크(과거 내용 찾기)] 138(5):610-635 (abstract)[깨진 링크(과거 내용 찾기)].
  • Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, C., 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 40: 1-239.
  • O'Toole, C. (ed.), 2002. Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.
  • Zahiri, R., Kitching, I.J., Lafontaine, J.D., Mutanen, M., Kaila, L., Holloway, J.D. & Wahlberg, N. (in press) A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family-level classification of the Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.
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밤나방상과: Brief Summary ( Korean )

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

밤나방상과(Noctuoidea)는 나방 상과의 하나로 나비목 중에서 가장 많은 종을 포함하고 있다. 분류 체계가 아직까지 만족할 만 하거나 안정적인 상태에 도달한 것은 아니다. 가장 최근의 분류 체계는 밤나방과오이노산드라과, 도아과, 재주나방과의 4개 과를 포함하고 있다. 아래 목록의 나머지 4개 과는 이제, 밤나방과에 속하는 아과로 간주하고 있다.

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copyright
Wikipedia 작가 및 편집자