dcsimg
Life » » Plants » » Angiosperms »

Grass

Eriochloa procera (Retz.) C. E. Hubb.

Comments

provided by eFloras
Although widely distributed this species is nowhere very common. It favours damp places, ditches and the edges of paddy fields. It is quick growing and succulent, and in Australia it affords good fodder.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 200 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Comments

provided by eFloras
This species is a good forage grass.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 22: 525 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Description

provided by eFloras
Perennials; culm tufted, 30-100 cm tall, hairy at least below inflorescence, nodes pubescent. Blade glabrous, 4-20 cm long, 2-8 mm wide; sheath keeled, glabrous; ligule a ring of white hairs, 0.6-0.8 mm long. Inflorescence of racemose racemes, racemes few to many, rachis flattened, puberulent, ca. 0.5 mm wide; pedicel 1.5-2 mm long, bearing long stiff hairs, ca. 0.3 mm long, usually purplish; lower glume minute, surrounding callus; upper glume slightly shorter than spikelet; lower palea wanting; upper lemma pale, minutely rugose, ca. 2 mm long, with a hispidulous awn of ca. 0.5 mm long or less; anther ca. 1.1 mm long.India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indochina, Malesia and China. Taiwan, very common and limited to the central and southern parts of the island. It grows along ditches and the edges of paddy fields.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Gramineae (Poaceae) in Flora of Taiwan Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Poaceae in Flora of Taiwan @ eFloras.org
editor
Chang-Sheng Kuoh
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Description

provided by eFloras
Annual; culms 20-100 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades 2-30 cm long, 2-4 mm wide. Inflorescence 4-20 cm long; racemes 2-10 cm long, the rhachis puberulous, triquetrous, bearing paired spikelets; pedicels commonly glabrous, those of a pair often fused below. Spikelets lanceolate, (2.5)3.4 mm long, thinly pubescent; lower glume absent; upper glume acute to acuminate; lower -floret represented only by a lemma; upper lemma with a mucro 0.3-0.5 mm long.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 200 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Description

provided by eFloras
Annual or short-lived perennial. Culms erect or geniculately ascending, branching, 30–150 cm tall, nodes pubescent. Leaf sheaths keeled, glabrous; leaf blades linear, 8–20 × 0.2–0.8 cm, glabrous, apex acuminate. Inflorescence axis 10–20 cm; racemes several, 3–7 cm, loosely ascending, bare of spikelets proximally; spikelets mostly paired, single toward raceme apex; axis and rachis very slender, puberulous, pedicels usually without setae, those of a pair often partially connate. Spikelets lanceolate, 3–4 mm, herbaceous, sharply acute, basal swelling ca. 0.3 mm and often purplish; lower glume minute; upper glume and lower lemma 5-veined, pilose with appressed silky hairs, lower palea absent; upper lemma rugulose-punctulate, mucro 0.3–0.5 mm. Fl. and fr. summer–autumn. 2n = 36.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 22: 525 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
Distribution: Pakistan (Sind); tropical Africa; throughout Southeast Asia; introduced in tropical America.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 200 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Flower/Fruit

provided by eFloras
Fl. & Fr. Per.: May and again in August-October.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 200 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Habitat & Distribution

provided by eFloras
Streams, moist places. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia; introduced in Africa, tropical America].
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 22: 525 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Synonym

provided by eFloras
Agrostis procera Retz., Obs. Bot. 4: 19. 1786.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Gramineae (Poaceae) in Flora of Taiwan Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Poaceae in Flora of Taiwan @ eFloras.org
editor
Chang-Sheng Kuoh
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Synonym

provided by eFloras
Agrostis procera Retzius, Observ. Bot. 4: 19. 1786; A. ramosa (Retzius) Poiret; Eriochloa annulata (Flüggé) Kunth; E. hackelii Honda; E. ramosa (Retzius) Kuntze; Milium ramosum Retzius; Paspalum annulatum Flüggé.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 22: 525 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Eriochloa ramosa (Retz.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 775. 1891
Milium ramosum Retz. Obs. 6 : 22. 1791. Paspalum annulatum Fliigge, Gram. Monog. 133. 1810. Helopus pilosus "nxm. Fund. Agrost. 104. 1820. Eriochloa annulata Kunth, R^v. Gram. 30. 1829.
With the exception of the spikelets and the nodes, a glabrous annual. Stems up to 8 dm. tall, branched, the nodes, puberulent ; leaf-blades up to 2 dm. long, 6 mm. wide; inflorescence up to 2 dm. long; racemes 2-5 cm. long, the lower usually on long peduncles; spikelets 2.5-3 mm. long, ovate, acute, the first scale wanting, the second and third scales appressedhirsute below, about equal, acute, the second sometimes a little longer and awn-pointed, the fruiting scale about three fourths as long as the spikelet, elliptic, minutely papillose-roughened, obtuse, and bearing a short hispidulous awn.
Type locality : India.
Distribution : Cuba ; common in the tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
bibliographic citation
George Valentine Nash. 1912. (POALES); POACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 17(2). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
original
visit source
partner site
North American Flora