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Comments

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Sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 17: 179 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
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eFloras.org
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Description

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Herbs perennial. Stems erect or slightly flexuous, 30-120 cm, branched toward apex, hispid, angles glandular puberulent. Petiole slender, 3-6.5 cm; stem leaf blades ovate-cordate, 8-12 × 5-9.5 cm, adaxially shiny, appressed villous-hispid, abaxially gray-green, yellowish glandular, villous-hispid along veins, base cordate, margin coarsely callose crenate-serrate, apex acuminate. Spikes 10-20 cm; verticillasters 6(-8)-flowered, widely spaced; lower floral leaves petiolate, 10-15 × 2-4 mm, margin dentate; upper floral leaves sessile, oblong-lanceolate, slightly longer than verticillasters, margin entire; bracteoles minute or absent. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ca. 7 mm, spreading hispid, glandular puberulent, 10-veined, accessory veins inconspicuous; teeth triangular-lanceolate, 2-3 mm, subequal, apex spinescent; fruiting calyx slightly saccate-dilated. Corolla red to purple, ca. 1.4 cm, sparsely puberulent; tube straight, ± saccate; upper lip straight, oblong, ca. 5 × 3 mm; lower lip spreading, ca. 7 × 6 mm; middle lobe subcircular, emarginate; lateral lobes ovate. Filaments villous below middle. Style nearly exserted. Nutlets dark brown, triquetrous, ovoid, glabrous. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Aug.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 17: 179 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
Xinjiang (cultivated in other provinces) [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia; SW Asia, Europe].
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 17: 179 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Habitat

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Coniferous forests, thickets, alpine meadows; 1700 m.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 17: 179 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Stachys sylvatica

provided by wikipedia EN

Stachys sylvatica, commonly known as hedge woundwort,[1] whitespot,[2] or sometimes as hedge nettle, is a perennial herb growing to 80 cm tall in woodland and unmanaged grassland. In temperate zones of the northern hemisphere it flowers in July and August. The flowers are purple. The leaves, when crushed or bruised, give off an unpleasant fetid smell.[3]

Description

Hedge woundwort is an erect perennial plant with slender underground runners and grows to a height of about 30 to 100 cm (12 to 39 in). The stem branches occasionally and is squarish and hairy, with glandular hairs on the upper part of the plant. The nodes are widely spaced and the mid-green, stalked leaves are in opposite pairs. The leaf blades are hairy, have a cordate base and are ovate with a blunt tip and with regular large teeth on the margin. The inflorescence forms a dense terminal spike and is composed of dense whorls of purple flowers with white markings. The calyx has five lobes and the corolla forms a two-lipped flower about 12 to 18 mm (0.47 to 0.71 in) long with a fused tube. The upper lip of each flower is convex with dense, glandular hairs and the lower lip is three-lobed, the central lobe being the largest. There are four stamens, two long and two short, the gynoecium has two fused carpels and the fruit is a four-chambered schizocarp. The plant has a slightly unpleasant smell.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Hedge woundwort is native to Europe and central and western Asia. It grows in dappled shade at the edge of woods, in hedgerows and on rough ground.[5]

Uses

Hedge woundwort is popular with bees.[4] Along with its close relatives field woundwort and marsh woundwort, as their common names suggest, they are used to promote the healing of wounds. The famous 17th century herbalist John Gerard was very impressed with its powers and used it extensively.[6]

References

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Stachys sylvatica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  3. ^ Anne Pratt, Wild Flowers, London, 1852, pp. 125–126.
  4. ^ a b "Hedge woundwort: Stachys sylvatica". NatureGate. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
  5. ^ "Stachys sylvatica". Botanique. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
  6. ^ McDougal, Kevin. "Hedge Woundwort". 2013 Incredible Edible Todmorden. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
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Stachys sylvatica: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Stachys sylvatica, commonly known as hedge woundwort, whitespot, or sometimes as hedge nettle, is a perennial herb growing to 80 cm tall in woodland and unmanaged grassland. In temperate zones of the northern hemisphere it flowers in July and August. The flowers are purple. The leaves, when crushed or bruised, give off an unpleasant fetid smell.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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wikipedia EN