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Cyclamen creticum

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Cyclamen creticum, commonly known as Cretan sowbread, is a small perennial herb endemic to Crete and Karpathos. It is closely related to Cyclamen repandum, and both are placed in subgenus Psilanthum. Some authorities consider C. creticum to be a subspecies of C. repandum.[1]

Etymology

The name of the subgenus, Psilanthum, comes from Ancient Greek: psilós "bare" and ánthos "flower".

Description

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Flower of Cyclamen creticum forma creticum
Cyclamen creticum 001.JPG

Cyclamen creticum is a small plant that grows to heights of about 15 cm (5.9 in). It is a long-lived perennial herb with a tuberous rootstock. They tend to grow on rocky places, stream and river banks, gullies, or under bushes. Can be described as a tender plant; prefers to grow in the shade protected from the sun.

Leaf - Heart-shaped, cordate leaves, often coarsely toothed, of dark-green color with a red-purple back. Cloudy or netted silvery markings can be seen on the leaf.[2]

Flower - Within the same species, C. creticum flowers come in two distinguished forms: Forma creticum and Forma pallide-roseum.

Forma creticum flowers are completely white.
Forma pallide-roseum flowers are white to light
pink with an hints of pale pink infused.

In its habitat, there is no true demarcation of these two forms.[3] Forma creticum is by far the more common form. The flowers are hermaphroditic and solitary (not part of an inflorescence). Strongly fragrant but produces no nectar. The corolla is formed by five petals, which are long and slender with an absence of auricles. Flowers bloom around April to May.

Stalk - The stalk is long, thin, and red.

Distribution

C. creticum is endemic to the Greek Islands of Crete and Karpathos. It is known to grow on two locations in Karpathos whereas it is abundantly found all over Crete, growing at sea level to 1300m.[4]

Reproduction

Cyclamen creticum rarely self-fertilizes due to approach herkogamy, where the stigma is above the level of the anthers. Insect pollinators of C. creticum include hoverflies and bumblebees.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Cyclamen creticum - Cretan Sowbread - (Primulaceae)." First Nature.
  2. ^ "Cyclamen Species One." Pacific Bulb Society..
  3. ^ "Cyclamen creticum Hildebrand." The Cyclamen Society.
  4. ^ "Cyclamen creticum." rareplants.co.uk.
  5. ^ Thompson, Affre. "Variation in self-fertility, inbreeding depression and levels of inbreeding in four Cyclamen species." Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 12.1 (1999): 113-122. Print.

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Cyclamen creticum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cyclamen creticum, commonly known as Cretan sowbread, is a small perennial herb endemic to Crete and Karpathos. It is closely related to Cyclamen repandum, and both are placed in subgenus Psilanthum. Some authorities consider C. creticum to be a subspecies of C. repandum.

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Kretska ciklama ( Croatian )

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Kretska ciklama (lat. Cyclamen creticum) je vrsta biljke iz roda ciklama. Endem je grčkih otoka Krete i Karpatosa na nadmorskoj visini do 1300 metara. Nastanjena je u stjenovitim područjima

Opis

To je malena biljka u bliskom srodstvu sa primorskom i balearskom ciklamom. Cvjetovi su joj bijele boje kao i kod balearske ciklame, ali su veći i atraktivniji. Rastu u ožujku i travnju, a na višim nadmorskim visinama u svibnju.

Izvori

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Kretska ciklama: Brief Summary ( Croatian )

provided by wikipedia hr Croatian

Kretska ciklama (lat. Cyclamen creticum) je vrsta biljke iz roda ciklama. Endem je grčkih otoka Krete i Karpatosa na nadmorskoj visini do 1300 metara. Nastanjena je u stjenovitim područjima

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Cyclamen creticum ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Cyclamen creticum is een plant uit het geslacht Cyclamen die endemisch is voor Kreta en Karpathos.

Het is een cyclaam met grotere witte of lichtroze bloemen.

Kweek

C. creticum is niet winterhard en moet, behalve in streken met een zachter klimaat zoals het zuiden van Engeland en het westen van Frankrijk, gekweekt worden in een koude kas. Daar waar C. creticum en verwante soorten samen geteeld worden, kunnen kruisingen ontstaan. Zo kennen we C. creticum × C. balearicum en C. ×meiklei Grey-Wilson (C. creticum × C. repandum).

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
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Cyclamen creticum: Brief Summary ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Cyclamen creticum is een plant uit het geslacht Cyclamen die endemisch is voor Kreta en Karpathos.

Het is een cyclaam met grotere witte of lichtroze bloemen.

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Cyclamen creticum ( Vietnamese )

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Cyclamen creticum là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Anh thảo. Loài này được (Dörfl.) Hildebr. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1906.[1]

Hình ảnh

Chú thích

  1. ^ The Plant List (2010). Cyclamen creticum. Truy cập ngày 25 tháng 8 năm 2013.

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Cyclamen creticum: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

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Cyclamen creticum là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Anh thảo. Loài này được (Dörfl.) Hildebr. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1906.

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