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Manekia

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Manekia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Piperaceae.

It is distributed across disjunct areas in the southern Atlantics Forests of Brazil, the Guiana shield in Venezuela, the Andean regions of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles. It thrives in karst areas, and in humid, premontane or montane forests from sea level to 2,000 m (6,600 ft).[3]

The name Manekia is a taxonomic anagram derived from the name of the genus Ekmania. The latter name is a taxonomic patronym honoring the Swedish botanist Erik Leonard Ekman.[4]

Description

Manekia members are characterized by scandent or lianescent habits and by short sympodial branches holding the spikes. Flowers possess four stamens, four-carpellate pistils with four or five stigmas. Berries are fully or partially immersed in the rachis.[3]

When compared to other Piperaceae genera, the ecology of Manekia appears rather distinct, with plants invading forest litter, forming large mats of reptant stems, and eventually colonizing nearby phorophytes, reaching the canopy, and often forming large masses on the top before blooming.[3]

Phylogeny

Manekia is the sister group to Zippelia, and both genera are sister to a clade including Piper and Peperomia.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Manekia Trel. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-06-13.
  2. ^ Arias, Tatiana; Posada, Ricardo Callejas; Bornstein, Allan (2006). "New Combinations in Manekia, an Earlier Name for Sarcorhachis (Piperaceae)". Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature. 16 (2): 205–208. doi:10.3417/1055-3177(2006)16[205:NCIMAE]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 1055-3177.
  3. ^ a b c Silva-Sierra, Daniel; Callejas-Posada, Ricardo (2017-12-12). "A new species of Manekia Trel. (Piperaceae) in Northwest Colombia". Actualidades Biológicas. 39 (107): 31–42. doi:10.17533/udea.acbi.v39n107a04. ISSN 2145-7166.
  4. ^ Burkhardt, Lotte (2018-06-06). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen - Erweiterte Edition. Index of Eponymic Plant Names - Extended Edition. Index de Noms éponymiques des Plantes - Édition augmentée (in German). Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin. p. M13. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5.
  5. ^ Christenhusz, Maarten J. M.; Fay, Michael F.; Chase, Mark W. (2017-11-13). Plants of the World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Vascular Plants. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-52292-0.
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Manekia: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Manekia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Piperaceae.

It is distributed across disjunct areas in the southern Atlantics Forests of Brazil, the Guiana shield in Venezuela, the Andean regions of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles. It thrives in karst areas, and in humid, premontane or montane forests from sea level to 2,000 m (6,600 ft).

The name Manekia is a taxonomic anagram derived from the name of the genus Ekmania. The latter name is a taxonomic patronym honoring the Swedish botanist Erik Leonard Ekman.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN