Janthina

provided by wikipedia EN

Janthina is a genus of small to medium-sized pelagic or planktonic sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Epitoniidae.[1][2]

Distribution

Species in this genus occur worldwide in tropical, subtropical and warm seas.

Description

These snails are pelagic and live at the surface of the ocean. Adult snails may not be capable of swimming, and die when they are detached from their rafts; Janthina janthina larvae, however, actively swim in the water column.[3]

The adult snails prey upon (and live near to) one of several species of pelagic animals loosely known as jellyfish. More specifically they eat the medusae of free-swimming Cnidaria, in particular the genus known as "by-the-wind sailors", Velella.

The snails are able to float securely because they create a raft of clear chitin around air bubbles formed near the ocean surface. They anchor to this raft using their foot.[3] The snails do not have an operculum.

These snails are frequently washed ashore during storms.[4]

The common names for this genus derive from the light purple or violet color of the shells and the violet-colored bodies. The other genus in the family, Recluzia, has olive-tan colored shells.

Species

This genus has accumulated a very large number of species names over the centuries. Most of the names that have been given are in fact synonyms of just a few species which have world-wide distributions in tropical waters. Experts disagree about some details of the synonymy.

Species within the genus Janthina include:[5]

Species brought into synonymy
  • Janthina affinis Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina africana Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina alba Anton, 1838: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina balteata Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina bicolor Menke, 1828: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina bicolor O. G. Costa, 1830: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina bifida Nuttall, 1850: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina britannica Forbes & Hanley, 1853: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina capreolata Montrouzier, 1860: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina carpenteri Mörch, 1860: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina casta Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina coeruleata Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina communis Lamarck, 1822: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina contorta Carpenter, 1857: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina costae Mörch, 1860: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina decollata Carpenter, 1857: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina depressa Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina elongata [sic]: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina fibula Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina globosa Blainville, 1822: synonym of Janthina umbilicata d'Orbigny, 1840
  • Janthina grandis Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina incisa Philippi, 1848: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina involuta Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina iricolor Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina jehennei (Petit de la Saussaye, 1853): synonym of Recluzia jehennei Petit de la Saussaye, 1853
  • Janthina laeta Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Janthina pallida W. Thompson, 1840
  • Janthina megastoma A. Adams, 1861: synonym of Janthina umbilicata d'Orbigny, 1840
  • Janthina nana Gray, 1842: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina nitens Menke, 1828: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina nitida A. Adams, 1861: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina orbignyi Mörch, 1860: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina patula Philippi, 1844: synonym of Janthina pallida W. Thompson, 1840
  • Janthina payraudeaui Locard, 1900: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina penicephela Peron, 1824: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina planispirata A. Adams & Reeve, 1848: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina prolongata Blainville, 1822: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina rosea Anton, 1838: synonym of Janthina pallida W. Thompson, 1840
  • Janthina roseala Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina roseola Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina rotundata Dillwyn, 1840: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina smithiae Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina splendens Monterosato, 1884: synonym of Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822
  • Janthina striata Montrouzier, 1860: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina striolata A. Adams & Reeve, 1848: synonym of Janthina pallida W. Thompson, 1840
  • Janthina striulata Carpenter, 1857: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina trochoidea Reeve, 1858: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina vinsoni Deshayes, 1863: synonym of Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816
  • Janthina violacea Röding, 1798: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Janthina vulgaris Gray, 1847: synonym of Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)

References

  1. ^ a b Gofas, S. (2011). Janthina Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138092 on 2011-11-01
  2. ^ Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222
  3. ^ a b Lalli, Carol M.; Ronald W. Gilmer (1989). Pelagic Snails: The Biology of Holoplanktonic Gastropod Mollusks. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-1490-7.
  4. ^ Morrison, Sue; Storrie, Ann (1999). Wonders of Western Waters: The Marine Life of South-Western Australia. CALM. p. 68. ISBN 0-7309-6894-4.
  5. ^ Gofas, S. (2009). Janthina Röding, 1798. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138092 on 2010-05-16
  • Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Janthina: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Janthina is a genus of small to medium-sized pelagic or planktonic sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Epitoniidae.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN