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Lavender Cotton

Santolina chamaecyparissus L.

Comments

provided by eFloras
Santolina chamaecyparissus is widely cultivated and probably persists in the flora area in states other than those listed here.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 497, 498 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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Description

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Subshrubs, silvery-gray to white. Leaf blades 1-pinnately lobed, 10–20(–40) × 1–3(–5) mm. Peduncles 3–6 cm. Phyllaries carinate, apices of inner rounded, ± lacerate to fimbrillate. Corollas 3–4 mm, gland-dotted. Cypselae 2.5–3 mm, angles sometimes narrowly winged. 2n = 18.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 497, 498 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Derivation of specific name

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
chamaecyparissus: Greek: dwarf and cypress; the leaves resembling those of the cypress
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160810
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Aromatic shrub, up to 75 cm. Leaves narrow, 2-3 mm wide, whitish-tomentose, pinnatifid with 4 rows of fleshy blunt lobes. Heads solitary, terminal, globular. Florets yellow.
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cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160810
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
partner site
Flora of Zimbabwe

Frequency

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Rare
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160810
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Worldwide distribution

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Mediterranean region from Spain to Dalmatia and N Africa
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cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160810
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
partner site
Flora of Zimbabwe

Santolina chamaecyparissus

provided by wikipedia EN

Santolina chamaecyparissus (syn. S. incana), known as cotton lavender or lavender-cotton,[4] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the western and central Mediterranean.

Nomenclature

The specific epithet chamaecyparissus means "like Chamaecyparis" (ground cypress), though it is not closely related to that plant.[5] It is also not closely related to either cotton or lavender, despite its common name "cotton lavender". Recognized varieties or subspecies are

  • var. etrusca Lacaita ≡ S. etrusca (Lacaita) Marchi & D'Amato
  • subsp. magonica O. Bolòs, Molin. & P. Monts. ≡ S. magonica (O. Bolòs, Molin. & P. Monts.) Romo, = var. teucrietorum O. Bolòs & Vigo
  • var. pectinata f. insularis Gennari ex Fiori ≡ S. insularis (Gennari ex Fiori) Arrigoni
  • var. vedranensis O. Bolòs & Vigo ≡ S. vedranensis (O. Bolòs & Vigo) L. Sáez, M. Serrano, S. Ortiz & R. Carbajal[6]

Description

It is a small evergreen shrub growing to 50 cm (20 in) tall and broad. Densely covered in aromatic, grey-green leaves, in summer it produces masses of yellow, button-like composite flowerheads, held on slender stems above the foliage. The disc florets are tubular and there are no ray florets.[7]

Cultivation

This plant is valued in cultivation as groundcover or as an edging plant for a hot, sunny, well-drained spot, though it may be short-lived. Once established, plants can tolerate dry and poor soils. Its compact shape can be maintained by cutting back in spring. [8]

Numerous cultivars have been produced, of which 'Nana', a dwarf form growing to 25 cm (10 in), has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[9]

Uses

In cosmetics it is used as a tonic.[10]

Pathogens

Photo gallery

References

  1. ^ "Santolina chamaecyparissus". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  2. ^ UniProt. "Species Santolina chamaecyparissus". Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  3. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Santolina chamaecyparissus". Euro+Med PlantBase. Free University of Berlin. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  4. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  5. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  6. ^ Giacò, Antonio; Astuti, Giovanni; Peruzzi, Lorenzo (2021). "Typification and nomenclature of the names in the Santolina chamaecyparissus species complex (Asteraceae)". Taxon. 70 (1): 189–201. doi:10.1002/tax.12429. ISSN 1996-8175.
  7. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  8. ^ "Santolina chamaecyparissus - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  10. ^ Carrasco, F. (2009). "Ingredientes Cosméticos". Diccionario de Ingredientes 4ª Ed. www.imagenpersonal.net. p. 509. ISBN 978-84-613-4979-1.
  11. ^ Álvarez, L. A.; Pérez-Sierra, A.; León, M.; Armengol, J.; García-Jiménez, J. "Lavender cotton root rot: a new host of Phytophthora tentaculata found in Spain". American Phytopathological Society. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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Santolina chamaecyparissus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Santolina chamaecyparissus (syn. S. incana), known as cotton lavender or lavender-cotton, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the western and central Mediterranean.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
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wikipedia EN