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Smilograss

Achnatherum miliaceum (L.) P. Beauv.

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Oryzopsis miliacea (L.) Benth. & Hook. ; Aschers. & Schweinf
Mem. Inst. Egypt. 2: 169. 1887.
Agroslis miliacea L. Sp. PI. 61. 1753.
Achnatherum miliaceum Beauv. Agrost. 20, 146, 148. 1812. (Based on Agroslis miliacea L.)
Piptatherum miliaceum Coss. Notes Crit. 129. 1851. (Based on Agroslis miliacea L.)
Culms erect from a decumbent base, relatively stout, sometimes branching, 60-150 cm. tall, glabrous or scaberulous, the nodes several; sheaths glabrous, mostly shorter than the internodes, somewhat keeled; ligule truncate, scaberulous, 1-2 mm. long; blades flat, glabrous or nearly so beneath, scaberulous on the upper surface, 20-30 cm. long, 4-8 mm. wide; panicle 15—30 cm. long, erect or somewhat nodding, loose, the branches ascending or spreading, 5-10 cm. long, verticillate, naked below, often with some short leaves intermixed, the axis glabrous, the branches scabrous; pedicels scabrous, the lateral about 1 mm. long; glumes 3 mm. long, glabrous, rather abruptly acuminate, faintly 3-nerved, minutely scaberulous; lemma glabrous, oblong-elliptic, 2 mm. long; awn straight or slightly flexuous, 4 mm. long.
Type locality: Europe.
Distribution: Open ground and waste places, southern California; ballast, near Philadelphia; introduced from the Mediterranean.
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bibliographic citation
Albert Spear Hitchcock. 1935. (POALES); POACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 17(6). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Piptatherum miliaceum

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Piptatherum miliaceum is a species of grass known by the common name smilograss.[1] It is native to Eurasia but it can be found in many other parts of the world as an introduced species and a casual weed of disturbed areas. It is a clumping perennial grass producing sturdy, erect stems that can reach 1.5 meters tall. The inflorescence is a panicle of several whorls of branches that divide into secondary branches bearing clusters of spikelets.

References

  1. ^ "Piptatherum miliaceum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 6 October 2015.

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Piptatherum miliaceum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Piptatherum miliaceum is a species of grass known by the common name smilograss. It is native to Eurasia but it can be found in many other parts of the world as an introduced species and a casual weed of disturbed areas. It is a clumping perennial grass producing sturdy, erect stems that can reach 1.5 meters tall. The inflorescence is a panicle of several whorls of branches that divide into secondary branches bearing clusters of spikelets.

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Piptatherum miliaceum ( Spanish; Castilian )

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El lastón[1]​ (Piptatherum miliaceum) es una especie de hierba perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas.

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Vista de la planta
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Vista de la planta
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Hábitat

Distribución y hábitat

Es originaria de Eurasia, pero se puede encontrar en muchas otras partes del mundo como una especie introducida y una maleza informal de las áreas perturbadas.

Descripción

Es un agrupamiento perenne que produce robustos y erguidos tallos de hierba que puede alcanzar 1,5 metros de altura. Hojas con vaina glabra; lígula de 1-3 mm, pubescente; limbo de hasta 50 x 0,2-1,2 cm, plano o convoluto con la desecación, con haz marcadamente estriado y escábrido y envés liso. La inflorescencia en forma de panícula de 20-50 cm, piramidal, con parte superior péndula, muy laxa; eje generalmente liso; ramas verticiladas, erecto-patentes o patentes, flexuosas, capilares, escábridas; Espiguillas de 2,5-3,6 mm, frecuentemente violáceas. Glumas más largas que la flor, lanceoladas u ovado-lanceoladas, trinervadas, acuminadas, glabras; la inferior de 2,5-3,6 mm; la superior de 2,3-3,4 mm. Lema de 1,7-2,5 mm, trinervada, obtusa, glabra, con 1 arista terminal de 2-5 mm. Pálea tan larga como la lema. Anteras de 1-1,5 mm. Florece de abril a noviembre.[2]

Taxonomía

Piptatherum miliaceum fue descrita por (L.) Coss. y publicado en Notes sur Quelques Plantes Critiques, Rares, ou Nouvelles, ... 129. 1851.[3]

Etimología

Piptatherum: nombre genérico derivado del griego pipto = "caer", y la palabra therum para "gluma", lo que significa "glumas caídas".[4]

miliaceum: epíteto

Sinonimia
  • Achnatherum miliaceum (L.) P.Beauv.
  • Agrostis berica Steud.
  • Agrostis comosa Poir.
  • Agrostis dispar Steud.
  • Agrostis graeca Sibth.
  • Agrostis miliacea L.
  • Agrostis milium-comosum Poir.
  • Agrostis monandra Hornem.
  • Agrostis oseroensis Seenus
  • Agrostis sepium L.
  • Agrostis sepium Jacq.
  • Milium arundinaceum Sm.
  • Milium comosum Poir.
  • Milium frutescens Link
  • Milium gaditanum Steud.
  • Milium microspermum Hornem.
  • Milium multiflorum Cav.
  • Milium multiflorum var. multiflorum
  • Milium multiflorum var. thomasii (Duby) Goiran
  • Milium pauciflorum Trin.
  • Milium thomasii Duby
  • Nassella multiflora (Cav.) Druce
  • Oloptum miliaceum (L.) Röser & H. R. Hamasha
  • Oryzopsis miliacea (L.) Asch. & Schweinf.
  • Oryzopsis miliacea f. pauciflora (Bég. & Vacc.) Maire & Weiller
  • Oryzopsis miliacea f. thomasii (Duby) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Oryzopsis miliacea subsp. thomasii (Duby) K.Richt.
  • Oryzopsis multiflora (Cav.) Druce
  • Oryzopsis pauciflora Bég. & Vacc.
  • Oryzopsis thomasii (Duby) P.Silva
  • Piptatherum comosum (Poir.) Roem. & Schult.
  • Piptatherum frutescens Schult.
  • Piptatherum multiflorum (Cav.) P.Beauv.
  • Piptatherum thomasii (Duby) Kunth
  • Piptatherum verticillatum Vayr.
  • Stipa miliacea (L.) Hoover
  • Urachne comosa B.D.Jacks.
  • Urachne frutescens Link
  • Urachne miliacea (L.) K.Koch
  • Urachne multiflora (Cav.) Link
  • Urachne parviflora Trin.
  • Urachne pauciflora Boiss.
  • Urachne thomasii (Duby) Steud.[5][6]

Véase también

Referencias

  1. Colmeiro, Miguel: «Diccionario de los diversos nombres vulgares de muchas plantas usuales ó notables del antiguo y nuevo mundo», Madrid, 1871.
  2. http://www.floravascular.com/index.php?spp=Piptatherum%20miliaceum
  3. «Piptatherum miliaceum». Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. Consultado el 15 de julio de 2015.
  4. En nombres botánicos
  5. «Piptatherum miliaceum». The Plant List. Consultado el 15 de julio de 2015.
  6. «Piptatherum miliaceum». Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Consultado el 15 de julio de 2015.

Bibliografía

  1. Edgar, E., M. A. O'Brien & H. E. Connor. 1991. Checklist of pooid grasses naturalised in New Zealand. 1. Tribes Nardeae, Stipeae, Hainardieae, Meliceae, and Aveneae. New Zealand J. Bot. 29: 101–116.
  2. Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  3. Jacobs, S. W., J. Everett, H. E. Connor & E. Edgar. 1989. Stipoid grasses in New Zealand. New Zealand J. Bot. 27: 569–582.
  4. Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. 2002. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. CD–ROM.
  5. Soreng, R. J. 2003. Piptatherum. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48: 494–495. View in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
  6. Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  7. Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rúgolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. F. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47: 1–178.
  8. Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107(1–3): i–xcvi, 1–3348.

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Piptatherum miliaceum: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )

provided by wikipedia ES

El lastón​ (Piptatherum miliaceum) es una especie de hierba perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas.

 src= En su hábitat  src= Vista de la planta  src= Vista de la planta  src= Hábitat
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Oryzopsis miliacea ( Vietnamese )

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Oryzopsis miliacea là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Hòa thảo. Loài này được (L.) Asch. & Schweinf. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1887.[1]

Chú thích

  1. ^ The Plant List (2010). Oryzopsis miliacea. Truy cập ngày 6 tháng 6 năm 2013.

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Oryzopsis miliacea: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

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Oryzopsis miliacea là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Hòa thảo. Loài này được (L.) Asch. & Schweinf. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1887.

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