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New York Ironweed

Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Willd.

Description

provided by eFloras
Plants 8–12(–20) dm. Stems puberulent, glabrescent. Leaves mostly cauline; blades ± lanceolate, 9–15(–25+) cm × 15–45(–60+) mm, l/w = (3.3–)4–6+, abaxially scabrellous, tomentose, or pannose, resin-gland-dotted, adaxially scabrellous, often resin-gland-dotted. Heads in corymbiform to paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 2–35 mm. Involucres ± hemispheric, 6–10 × 7–10 mm. Phyllaries 35–60+ in 4–6+ series, sparsely tomentulose, glabrescent, margins ciliolate, the outer lanceolate to subulate, 1–3 mm, inner oblong, 7–9+ mm, tips subulate to filiform. Florets 30–45(–65). Cypselae 3.5–4+ mm; pappi fuscous to purplish, outer scales 20, 0.2–0.6+ mm, contrasting with 30–40+, 5–7+ mm inner bristles. 2n = 34.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 207, 209, 210 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Synonym

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Serratula noveboracensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 818. 1753; Vernonia harperi Gleason; V. noveboracensis var. tomentosa Britton
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 207, 209, 210 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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eFloras.org
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Vernonia harperi Gleason, Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard 4:221. 1906.
Stems stout, erect, divaricately branched above, 1 m. tall or more, puberulent; leaf-blades
thin, spreading or ascending, lanceolate, 12-18 cm. long, 1.5-3 cm. wide, acuminate, sharply
dentate, narrowed below into short petioles, scabrous above, especially near the margin,
pubescent beneath; inflorescence very large, 3 dm. acrosss, lax, open, irregular; heads with
55 flowers or more; involucre broadly campanulate, 7-9 mm. high; scales green with purple
margin, closely and regularly imbricate, appressed and arachnoid-ciliate at the triangular-ovate
base, not resinous, gradually tapering into long, erect awns; achenes minutely pubescent on
the ribs, resinous in the furrows, 3.5-4 mm. long; pappus dull-purple, the bristles 6 mm.,
the scales 0.6-0.7 mm. long.
Type locality: Coffee County, Georgia. Distribution: Georgia.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel, Rydberg. 1922. CARDUALES; AMBROSIACEAE, CARDUACEAE. North American flora. vol 33(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 95. 1803
Serratula noveboracensis L. Sp. PI. 818. 1753.
Serratula praealta L. Sp. PI. 818. 1753.
Behen noveboracense Hill, Hort. Kew. 68. 1768.
Behen praealtum Hill. Hort. Kew. 68. 1768.
Serratula caroliniana Mill. Gard. Diet. ed. 8. Serratula no. 7. 1768.
Chrysocoma totnentosa Walt. Fl. Car. 196. 1788.
Vernonia praealta Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 95. 1803.
Vernonia totnentosa Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 288. 1821.
Vernonia Rugeliana Shuttlew.; A. Gray, PI. Wright. 1: 82. 1852.
Cacalia noveboracensis Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 324. 1891.
Vernonia noveboracensis totnentosa Britton; Porter & Britton, Mem. Torrey Club 5: 311. 1894.
Stems erect, 10-20 dm. tall, glabrous or thinly pubescent; leaf -blades lanceolate, 10-18 cm. long, 1.5-4 cm. wide, acuminate, sharply serrate to nearly entire, narrowed below, sessile or short-petioled, glabrous or scabrellate above, puberulent or thinly tomentose beneath, especially on the veins; inflorescence flattened, loose, 1-3 dm. wide; heads 29-47-flowered; involucre campanulate, 6-7 mm. high; scales regularly and closely imbricate, arachnoidciliate, frequently pubescent on the back, usually resinous, the outer subulate with spreading tips, the middle and inner with triangular or ovate purple tips ending in a flexuous filiform appendage 1-5 mm. long; achenes pubescent on the ribs, sparsely resinous in the furrows, 4-4.5 mm. long; pappus purple or rarely tawny-purple, the bristles 6-7 mm. long, the linear scales 0.4-0.8 mm. long.
Type locality: New York.
Distribution: Massachusetts to Ohio, West Virginia, and Mississippi, mostly near the coast.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel, Rydberg. 1922. CARDUALES; AMBROSIACEAE, CARDUACEAE. North American flora. vol 33(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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New York-Scheinaster ( German )

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Wissenschaftlicher Name Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx.

Die New York-Scheinaster (Vernonia noveboracensis) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Scheinastern (Vernonia).

Merkmale

Die New York-Scheinaster ist eine ausdauernde, krautige Pflanze, die Wuchshöhen von 1 bis 2 Meter erreicht. Die Pflanze bildet ein Rhizom. Die Blätter sind 10 bis 28 Zentimeter lang, 1,5 bis 6 Zentimeter breit, schmal lanzettlich und drüsig punktiert. Der Rand ist ganzrandig oder weist vorwärts gerichtete Zähne auf. Die Blattunterseite ist schwach behaart. Die Köpfe bestehen aus 30 bis 55 Blüten. Die Hülle ist 6 bis 10 Millimeter lang und breit. Die Hüllblätter besitzen einen lineal-fadenförmigen und schräg abstehenden Fortsatz. Die Blüten sind purpurn. Der Pappus ist hellbraun bis blass purpurn.

Die Blütezeit reicht von August bis September.

Die Chromosomenzahl beträgt 2n = 18.[1]

Vorkommen

Die New York-Scheinaster kommt im warmen bis gemäßigten Osten der USA in nassen Tieflandwäldern, Sümpfen und auf Brachen vor.

Nutzung

Die New York-Scheinaster wird selten als Zierpflanze für Naturgärten genutzt. Die Art ist seit spätestens 1710 in Kultur.

Literatur

  • Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (Hrsg.): Rothmaler Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Band 5: Krautige Zier- und Nutzpflanzen. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8274-0918-8.

Einzelnachweise

  1. Vernonia noveboracensis bei Tropicos.org. In: IPCN Chromosome Reports. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
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New York-Scheinaster: Brief Summary ( German )

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Die New York-Scheinaster (Vernonia noveboracensis) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Scheinastern (Vernonia).

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Vernonia noveboracensis

provided by wikipedia EN

Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed[1] or vein-leaf hawkweed) is a plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is native to the eastern United States, from Florida to Massachusetts and west to Tennessee, Alabama, and West Virginia and to southern Ontario.[2]

Description

Vernonia noveboracensis is a herbaceous plant with alternate, simple leaves, on stiff, greenish purple stems. The flowers are purple, borne in summer and fall.[3] This ironweed is an herbaceous perennial that spreads by seeds and runners. Ironweed can be an aggressive weed in moist soils.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vernonia noveboracensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Vernonia noveboracensis". Flora of North America.
  3. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.
  4. ^ Martin, Alexander C. (1972). Weeds. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Company. p. 116.
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Vernonia noveboracensis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed or vein-leaf hawkweed) is a plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is native to the eastern United States, from Florida to Massachusetts and west to Tennessee, Alabama, and West Virginia and to southern Ontario.

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Vernonia noveboracensis ( Indonesian )

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Vernonia noveboracensis adalah spesies tumbuhan yang tergolong ke dalam famili Asteraceae. Spesies ini juga merupakan bagian dari ordo Asterales. Spesies Vernonia noveboracensis sendiri merupakan bagian dari genus Vernonia.[1] Nama ilmiah dari spesies ini pertama kali diterbitkan oleh (L.) Michx..

Referensi

  1. ^ "Vernonia Schreb". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Diakses tanggal 6 Januari 2019.




 src= Artikel bertopik tumbuhan ini adalah sebuah rintisan. Anda dapat membantu Wikipedia dengan mengembangkannya.
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Vernonia noveboracensis: Brief Summary ( Indonesian )

provided by wikipedia ID

Vernonia noveboracensis adalah spesies tumbuhan yang tergolong ke dalam famili Asteraceae. Spesies ini juga merupakan bagian dari ordo Asterales. Spesies Vernonia noveboracensis sendiri merupakan bagian dari genus Vernonia. Nama ilmiah dari spesies ini pertama kali diterbitkan oleh (L.) Michx..

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Vernonia noveboracensis ( Vietnamese )

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Vernonia noveboracensis là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc. Loài này được (L.) Michx. miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1803.[1]

Chú thích

  1. ^ The Plant List (2010). Vernonia noveboracensis. Truy cập ngày 4 tháng 6 năm 2013.

Liên kết ngoài

 src= Wikimedia Commons có thư viện hình ảnh và phương tiện truyền tải về Vernonia noveboracensis  src= Wikispecies có thông tin sinh học về Vernonia noveboracensis
Bài viết tông cúc Vernonieae này vẫn còn sơ khai. Bạn có thể giúp Wikipedia bằng cách mở rộng nội dung để bài được hoàn chỉnh hơn.
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Vernonia noveboracensis: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

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Vernonia noveboracensis là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc. Loài này được (L.) Michx. miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1803.

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