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New York Ironweed

Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Willd.

Description

provided by eFloras
Plants 8–12(–20) dm. Stems puberulent, glabrescent. Leaves mostly cauline; blades ± lanceolate, 9–15(–25+) cm × 15–45(–60+) mm, l/w = (3.3–)4–6+, abaxially scabrellous, tomentose, or pannose, resin-gland-dotted, adaxially scabrellous, often resin-gland-dotted. Heads in corymbiform to paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 2–35 mm. Involucres ± hemispheric, 6–10 × 7–10 mm. Phyllaries 35–60+ in 4–6+ series, sparsely tomentulose, glabrescent, margins ciliolate, the outer lanceolate to subulate, 1–3 mm, inner oblong, 7–9+ mm, tips subulate to filiform. Florets 30–45(–65). Cypselae 3.5–4+ mm; pappi fuscous to purplish, outer scales 20, 0.2–0.6+ mm, contrasting with 30–40+, 5–7+ mm inner bristles. 2n = 34.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 207, 209, 210 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Synonym

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Serratula noveboracensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 818. 1753; Vernonia harperi Gleason; V. noveboracensis var. tomentosa Britton
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 19: 207, 209, 210 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
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eFloras

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Vernonia harperi Gleason, Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard 4:221. 1906.
Stems stout, erect, divaricately branched above, 1 m. tall or more, puberulent; leaf-blades
thin, spreading or ascending, lanceolate, 12-18 cm. long, 1.5-3 cm. wide, acuminate, sharply
dentate, narrowed below into short petioles, scabrous above, especially near the margin,
pubescent beneath; inflorescence very large, 3 dm. acrosss, lax, open, irregular; heads with
55 flowers or more; involucre broadly campanulate, 7-9 mm. high; scales green with purple
margin, closely and regularly imbricate, appressed and arachnoid-ciliate at the triangular-ovate
base, not resinous, gradually tapering into long, erect awns; achenes minutely pubescent on
the ribs, resinous in the furrows, 3.5-4 mm. long; pappus dull-purple, the bristles 6 mm.,
the scales 0.6-0.7 mm. long.
Type locality: Coffee County, Georgia. Distribution: Georgia.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel, Rydberg. 1922. CARDUALES; AMBROSIACEAE, CARDUACEAE. North American flora. vol 33(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 95. 1803
Serratula noveboracensis L. Sp. PI. 818. 1753.
Serratula praealta L. Sp. PI. 818. 1753.
Behen noveboracense Hill, Hort. Kew. 68. 1768.
Behen praealtum Hill. Hort. Kew. 68. 1768.
Serratula caroliniana Mill. Gard. Diet. ed. 8. Serratula no. 7. 1768.
Chrysocoma totnentosa Walt. Fl. Car. 196. 1788.
Vernonia praealta Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 95. 1803.
Vernonia totnentosa Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 288. 1821.
Vernonia Rugeliana Shuttlew.; A. Gray, PI. Wright. 1: 82. 1852.
Cacalia noveboracensis Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 324. 1891.
Vernonia noveboracensis totnentosa Britton; Porter & Britton, Mem. Torrey Club 5: 311. 1894.
Stems erect, 10-20 dm. tall, glabrous or thinly pubescent; leaf -blades lanceolate, 10-18 cm. long, 1.5-4 cm. wide, acuminate, sharply serrate to nearly entire, narrowed below, sessile or short-petioled, glabrous or scabrellate above, puberulent or thinly tomentose beneath, especially on the veins; inflorescence flattened, loose, 1-3 dm. wide; heads 29-47-flowered; involucre campanulate, 6-7 mm. high; scales regularly and closely imbricate, arachnoidciliate, frequently pubescent on the back, usually resinous, the outer subulate with spreading tips, the middle and inner with triangular or ovate purple tips ending in a flexuous filiform appendage 1-5 mm. long; achenes pubescent on the ribs, sparsely resinous in the furrows, 4-4.5 mm. long; pappus purple or rarely tawny-purple, the bristles 6-7 mm. long, the linear scales 0.4-0.8 mm. long.
Type locality: New York.
Distribution: Massachusetts to Ohio, West Virginia, and Mississippi, mostly near the coast.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel, Rydberg. 1922. CARDUALES; AMBROSIACEAE, CARDUACEAE. North American flora. vol 33(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Vernonia noveboracensis

provided by wikipedia EN

Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed[1] or vein-leaf hawkweed) is a plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is native to the eastern United States, from Florida to Massachusetts and west to Tennessee, Alabama, and West Virginia and to southern Ontario.[2]

Description

Vernonia noveboracensis is a herbaceous plant with alternate, simple leaves, on stiff, greenish purple stems. The flowers are purple, borne in summer and fall.[3] This ironweed is an herbaceous perennial that spreads by seeds and runners. Ironweed can be an aggressive weed in moist soils.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vernonia noveboracensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Vernonia noveboracensis". Flora of North America.
  3. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.
  4. ^ Martin, Alexander C. (1972). Weeds. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Company. p. 116.
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Vernonia noveboracensis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed or vein-leaf hawkweed) is a plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is native to the eastern United States, from Florida to Massachusetts and west to Tennessee, Alabama, and West Virginia and to southern Ontario.

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