Boerhaavia caribaea

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Boerhaavia caribaea Jacq. Obs, Bot. 4: 5. 1771
Boerhaavia polymorpha Rich. Act. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 1: 185. 1792.
Boerhaavia hirsuta Willd. Phytog. 1: 1. 1794,
Boerhaavia viscosa Lag. & Rodr. Anal. Ci. Nat. 4: 256. 1801.
Boerhaavia squamata Raf. Aut. Bot. 40. 1840.
Boerhaavia glandulosa Anderss. Sv. Vet.-Akad. Handl. 1853: 171. 1854.
Boerhaavia Sonorae Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb, 1: 110. 1891.
Boerhaavia diffusa hirsuta Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 533. 1891.
Boerhaavia diffusa viscosa Heimerl, Beitr. Syst. Nyct. 27. 1897.
Boerhaavia viscosa oligadena Heimerl, Ann. Cons. Jard. Geneve 5: 189. 1901.
Boerhaavia ramulosa M. E. Jones, Contr. West. Bot. 10: 40. 1902.
Boerhaavia viscosa apiculata Standley, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12:. 383. 1909.
Boerhaavia Ixodes Standley, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 13: 423. 1911.
Perennial, from a thick woody root; stems usually numerous, 3-15 dm. long, decumbent to prostrate, sparsely branched below, the branches stout, green or brownish, below viscidpuberulent and often also sparsely or densely hirsute, above densely glandular-puberulent or often merely puberulent and slightly viscid; petioles slender or stout, 0.3-4 cm. long; leafblades suborbicular, ovate-orbicular, broadly oval, oval-oblong, oblong, or rarely ovateoblong, 1.5-5.5 cm. long, 0.8-5 cm. wide, truncate to rounded at the base, broadly rounded to obtuse or sometimes acute or attenuate at the apex, often apiculate, entire or conspicuously sinuate, rather thin or rarely coriaceous, bright-green above, pale beneath, sometimes brownpunctate, glabrous, puberulent, sparsely villous beneath, or often densely hirsute or hirtellous throughout and viscid; inflorescence of ample naked, terminal or axillary cymes, or sometimes of axillary longpedunculate heads, the cymes much branched, the branches slender, puberulent or densely glandular-puberulent, the flowers subsessile or short-pedicellate, in fewor manyflowered heads borne on slender peduncles 0.3-3.5 cm. long; bracts minute, lanceolate, viscid-
puberulent, persistent or deciduous; perianth purplishred, 2 mm. broad, puberulent or glandular-puberulent outside; stamens 1-3, short-exserted ; fruit narrowly obovoid, 2.5-3 mm. long, densely glandular-puberulent, 5-sulcate, the angles and sulci smooth.
Typ© locality: West Indies.
Distribution: Peninsular Florida; southern and western Texas to southern California, southward throughout Mexico and Central America ; throughout the West Indies ; also widely distributed in northern and western South America.
bibliographic citation
Paul Carpenter Standley. 1918. (CHENOPODIALES); ALLIONIACEAE. North American flora. vol 21(3). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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