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Diagnostic Description

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Fins unspotted; adults with black spots on sides and belly, the spots associated with spine bases; no spines on caudal peduncle (Ref. 4423).Description: Characterized by greyish brown color on back, white below; spine usually yellow; three large diffuse, brown blotches on side; scattered, short to moderate, immovable spines on head and body, none wholly on caudal peduncle; short tube with two openings, nostril opening (Ref. 90102).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 13; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 10 - 12
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Found in coastal waters in the vicinity of reefs. Nocturnal and solitary, usually found under ledges during the day. Juveniles pelagic . Feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates.
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Drina Sta. Iglesia
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Biology

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Found in coastal waters in the vicinity of reefs (Ref. 9680). Lives in seagrass habitats and coastal slopes with sponges. Active during the night (Ref. 48637). Nocturnal and solitary (Ref. 9680), usually found under ledges during the day (Ref. 9710). Juveniles pelagic (Ref. 30573). Feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates (Ref. 9680). Not usually marketed (Ref. 9680).
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Susan M. Luna
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Importance

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fisheries: of no interest
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Spotbase burrfish

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Cyclichthys spilostylus, known commonly as the spotbase burrfish or yellowspotted burrfish, is a species of marine fish in the family Diodontidae.

Distribution

This species can be found from the Red Sea to South Africa and east to southern Japan, the Philippines, Australia and New Caledonia. Also found around the Galapagos Islands and in the Mediterranean.[2][3]

Habitat

The Spotbase burrfish is found in coastal waters near and around reefs at depths of 3m – 90m. It lives in seagrass habitats and coastal slopes with sponges. It is usually found under rock or coral ledges during the day and is active during the night, generally being solitary in nature. Juveniles are pelagic.[2]

Description

Cyclichthys spilostylus can reach a length of 34 cm. These fishes have short, rigid spines over the body. They have 11-13 dorsal soft rays and 10-12 anal soft rays. The colouration of the body is dusky above and light below, the spines arising from contrasting spots (lighter above and darker below). Fins are unspotted and caudal peduncle lack of spines.[2]

Biology

These solitary fishes are active during the night: During the day they usually can be found under ledges. Juveniles are pelagic.[2] Cyclichthys spilostylus feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates; molluscs, crustaceans and sea urchins.[4]

Hazards

May be hazardous to humans in three ways:

Gallery

Bibliography

  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, n. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, USA: T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA, 1997.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. ed. Upper Saddle River, USA: Prentice-Hall.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed. London: Macdonald. 1985.

References

  1. ^ Leis, J.M. (1986) Diodontidae., p. 903-907. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin]
  2. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Cyclichthys spilostylus" in FishBase. 6 2007 version.
  3. ^ WoRMS
  4. ^ Lieske, E. and Myers, R.F. (2004) Coral reef guide; Red Sea London, HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-715986-2

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Spotbase burrfish: Brief Summary

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Cyclichthys spilostylus, known commonly as the spotbase burrfish or yellowspotted burrfish, is a species of marine fish in the family Diodontidae.

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