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Biology

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Occurs on rocky, seaweed covered shores, particularly among small boulders. Most common in the intertidal zone amongst the algae Himanthalia and Laminaria (Ref. 4489).
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Lepadogaster purpurea

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Lepadogaster purpurea, the Cornish sucker, is a species of clingfish from the family Gobiesocidae. It is found in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea.

Description

Lepadogaster purpurea has a rather tadpole-like shape with a small body and a large flattened head with large mouth shaped like the bill of a duck-and a tentacle is positioned to the rear of each nostril. The pelvic fins are fused and, together with their surrounding tissue. they form a suction disc or sucker. They are variable in colour, having the ability to alter their colouration to blending with the substrate they are clinging to, but normally they show a pale background with a patterning of bars and spots which can vary between dark purple to reddish brown and green. On the nape there are two bright blue ocelli, or eyespots, which are thought to be defensive and to confuse predators.[2] They grow to 7.5 centimetres (3.0 in) in standard length.[3]

Distribution

Lepadogaster purpurea occurs in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean from the Shetland Islands south to the Canary Islands and Dakar in Senegal. It is also found in the Mediterranean Sea as far west as Cape Roux.[1]

Habitat and biology

Lepadogaster purpurea just below and just above the low water market as deep as 9 metres (30 ft) where it hides under boulders on rocky shorelines. It spends long periods in shelters, normally with a favoured shelter in this habitat. When it detects potential prey near its shelter, L. purpurea waits for it to move closer and then it swims out to take the prey returning to the shelter straight away to eat the prey.[1]

Taxonomy

Lepadogaster purpurea is one of three species of Lepadogaster. L. purpurea was once synonymous with Lepadogaster zebrina, but has since been classified as its own species as L. zebrina has been discovered to be more synonymous with L. lepadogaster.[4] This species of Lepadogaster is found normally off the western coast of Portugal. L. purpurea differs from other Lepadogaster species in that it behaves in a much more passive manner. For example, studies have shown that L. purpurea was less active in its habitat and spent more time inside its shelter rather than interacting with other fish and swimming around.[5] L. purpurea also has different swim patterns in comparison to the other Lepadogaster species. L. purpurea generally swims at a much slower pace and doesn't make quick movements like the shore clingfish.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c Smith-Vaniz, W.F. (2015). "Lepadogaster purpurea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T198776A21907837. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198776A21907837.en.
  2. ^ "Weird fish of the week: Cornish sucker". Practical Fish Keeping. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Lepdogaster purprea" in FishBase. April 2019 version.
  4. ^ Henriques, M.; Lourenço, R.; Almada, F.; et al. (2002). "A revision of the status of Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae): sympatric subspecies or a long misunderstood blend of species?". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 76 (3): 327–338. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8312.2002.00067.x.
  5. ^ Gonçalves, D. M.; Gonçalves, E. J.; Almada, V. C. & Almeida, S. P. (1998). "Comparative behavior of two species of Lepadogaster (Pisces: Gobiesocidae) living at different depths". Journal of Fish Biology. 53 (2): 447–450. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1998.tb00992.x. hdl:10400.12/1341.
  6. ^ Faria, A. M. & Gonçalves, E. J. (2010). "Ontogeny of swimming behaviour of two temperate clingfishes, Lepadogaster lepadogaster and L. purpurea (Gobiesocidae)". Marine Ecology Progress Series. 414: 237–248. doi:10.3354/meps08692.
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Lepadogaster purpurea: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Lepadogaster purpurea, the Cornish sucker, is a species of clingfish from the family Gobiesocidae. It is found in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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wikipedia EN