dcsimg

Distribution

provided by World Register of Marine Species
P. seriata is a cold-water species. Previously known only from the Northern Hemisphere in the Atlantic, but recently also from the Northern Pacific. Recently, it was reported from the Southern cold Pacific. Due to morphological variability of P. seriata and related species, this needs to be confirmed either by molecular data.

References

  • Stonik I.V., Orlova T.Y., Lundholm N. . Diversity of Pseudo-nitzschia H. Peragallo from the western North Pacific. Diatom Research :-
  • Almandoz G.O., Hernando M., Ferrario M.E. . SEM observations of Pseudo-nitzschia from the Beagle Channel (Argentina): P. seriata in the southern hemisphere? Harmful Algae News :-

license
cc-by-4.0
copyright
WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Stonik I.V., Orlova T.Y., Lundholm N. 2011. Diversity of <i>Pseudo-nitzschia</i> H. Peragallo from the western North Pacific. Diatom Research 26:121-134 Almandoz G.O., Hernando M., Ferrario M.E. 2008. SEM observations of Pseudo-nitzschia from the Beagle Channel (Argentina): P. seriata in the southern hemisphere? Harmful Algae News 38:8-9 Fehling J., Green D.H., Davidson K., Bolch C.J. & Bates S.S. 2004. Domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Bacillariophyceae) in Scottish waters. J. Phycol. 40: 622-630. Cusack C.K., Bates S.S., Quilliam M.A., Patching J.W. & Raine R. 2002. Confirmation of domoic acid production by <i>Pseudo-nitzschia australis</i> (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters. J. Phycol. 38: 1106-1112. Lundholm N., Skov, J., Pocklington R. & Moestrup Ø. 1994. Domoic acid, the amino acid responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning, now in <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> (Bacillariophyceae) in Europe. Phycologia 33: 475-478. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Couture J.-Y., Levasseur M., Bonneau E., Desjardins C., Sauvé G., Bates S.S., Léger C., Gagnon R., Michaud S. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation of domoic acid in molluscs and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. blooms in the St. Lawrence from 1998 to 2000. Can. Tech. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2375: 24pp. Lundholm N., Andersen P., Jørgensen K., Thorbjørnsen B.R., Cembella A., Krock B., 2005. Domoic acid in Danish blue mussels due to a bloom of Pseudo-nitzschia seriata. Harmful Algae News 29, 8-10 Gallacher S., Howard G., Hess P., MacDonald E., Kelly M.C., Bates L.A., Brown N., MacKenzie M., Gillibrand P., Turrell W.R., 2001. The occurrence of amnesic shellfish poisons in shellfish from Scottish waters. In: Hallegraeff, G.M., Blackburn, S.I., Bolch, C.J., Lewis, R.J. (Ed.), Harmful Algal Blooms 2000. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. 30-33. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Hasle G.R., Lundholm N., 2005. Pseudo-nitzschia seriata f. obtusa (Bacillariophyceae) raised in rank based on morphological, phylogenetic and distributional data. Phycologia 44:608-619.
contributor
Moestrup, Øjvind [email]
contributor
Moestrup, Øjvind [email]

Harmful effect

provided by World Register of Marine Species
P. seriata has been implicated in toxic episodes in the field in Europe (Denmark, Ireland, Scotland) and Canada. It has caused DA in sea scallops and molluscan shellfish in Canada, in blue mussels in Denmark, and associated with DA in king scallops in Scotland. DA levels above the regularory limit (20µm g-1) has been found at concentrations of 50-62,000 cells L-1 in Canada and Denmark.

References

  • Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. . Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata from the Arctic. Harmful Algae : -
  • Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. . Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. , Florida, Book of abstracts, p. .
  • Couture J.-Y., Levasseur M., Bonneau E., Desjardins C., Sauvé G., Bates S.S., Léger C., Gagnon R., Michaud S. . Spatial and temporal variation of domoic acid in molluscs and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. blooms in the St. Lawrence from to . Can. Tech. Fish. Aquat. Sci. : pp.
  • Lundholm N., Andersen P., Jørgensen K., Thorbjørnsen B.R., Cembella A., Krock B., . Domoic acid in Danish blue mussels due to a bloom of Pseudo-nitzschia seriata. Harmful Algae News , -
  • Gallacher S., Howard G., Hess P., MacDonald E., Kelly M.C., Bates L.A., Brown N., MacKenzie M., Gillibrand P., Turrell W.R., . The occurrence of amnesic shellfish poisons in shellfish from Scottish waters. In: Hallegraeff, G.M., Blackburn, S.I., Bolch, C.J., Lewis, R.J. (Ed.), Harmful Algal Blooms . Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. -.

license
cc-by-4.0
copyright
WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Stonik I.V., Orlova T.Y., Lundholm N. 2011. Diversity of <i>Pseudo-nitzschia</i> H. Peragallo from the western North Pacific. Diatom Research 26:121-134 Almandoz G.O., Hernando M., Ferrario M.E. 2008. SEM observations of Pseudo-nitzschia from the Beagle Channel (Argentina): P. seriata in the southern hemisphere? Harmful Algae News 38:8-9 Fehling J., Green D.H., Davidson K., Bolch C.J. & Bates S.S. 2004. Domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Bacillariophyceae) in Scottish waters. J. Phycol. 40: 622-630. Cusack C.K., Bates S.S., Quilliam M.A., Patching J.W. & Raine R. 2002. Confirmation of domoic acid production by <i>Pseudo-nitzschia australis</i> (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters. J. Phycol. 38: 1106-1112. Lundholm N., Skov, J., Pocklington R. & Moestrup Ø. 1994. Domoic acid, the amino acid responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning, now in <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> (Bacillariophyceae) in Europe. Phycologia 33: 475-478. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Couture J.-Y., Levasseur M., Bonneau E., Desjardins C., Sauvé G., Bates S.S., Léger C., Gagnon R., Michaud S. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation of domoic acid in molluscs and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. blooms in the St. Lawrence from 1998 to 2000. Can. Tech. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2375: 24pp. Lundholm N., Andersen P., Jørgensen K., Thorbjørnsen B.R., Cembella A., Krock B., 2005. Domoic acid in Danish blue mussels due to a bloom of Pseudo-nitzschia seriata. Harmful Algae News 29, 8-10 Gallacher S., Howard G., Hess P., MacDonald E., Kelly M.C., Bates L.A., Brown N., MacKenzie M., Gillibrand P., Turrell W.R., 2001. The occurrence of amnesic shellfish poisons in shellfish from Scottish waters. In: Hallegraeff, G.M., Blackburn, S.I., Bolch, C.J., Lewis, R.J. (Ed.), Harmful Algal Blooms 2000. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. 30-33. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Hasle G.R., Lundholm N., 2005. Pseudo-nitzschia seriata f. obtusa (Bacillariophyceae) raised in rank based on morphological, phylogenetic and distributional data. Phycologia 44:608-619.
contributor
Lundholm, Nina, N.
contributor
Lundholm, Nina, N.

Identification

provided by World Register of Marine Species
requires electron microscopy. The main characteristics of P. seriata are the asymmetric valve and the 4 rows of poroids (2 outer rows of larger poroids and 2 inner rows of smaller poroids). P. seriata is phylogenetically and morphologically closely related to P. obtusa and P. australis, two other species with asymmetric valves. The main differences are the number of poroid rows in the striae, poroid density, and valve width. However, in P. seriata number of poroid rows and poroid density has been found to decrease with increasing temperature, making identification difficult. P. seriata: (2)-4 rows - 6-9 poroids/µm - 4.6-8.0µm P. obtusa: 2 rows - 6-8 poroids/µm - 2.9-5.0µm P. australis: 2 rows - 4-5 poroids/µm - 6.5-8.0µm Verified sequences of ITS rDNA (ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2) are: P. seriata (DQ062663); P. obtusa (DQ062667); P. australis (DQ062661)

Reference

Hasle G.R., Lundholm N., . Pseudo-nitzschia seriata f. obtusa (Bacillariophyceae) raised in rank based on morphological, phylogenetic and distributional data. Phycologia :-.

license
cc-by-4.0
copyright
WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Stonik I.V., Orlova T.Y., Lundholm N. 2011. Diversity of <i>Pseudo-nitzschia</i> H. Peragallo from the western North Pacific. Diatom Research 26:121-134 Almandoz G.O., Hernando M., Ferrario M.E. 2008. SEM observations of Pseudo-nitzschia from the Beagle Channel (Argentina): P. seriata in the southern hemisphere? Harmful Algae News 38:8-9 Fehling J., Green D.H., Davidson K., Bolch C.J. & Bates S.S. 2004. Domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Bacillariophyceae) in Scottish waters. J. Phycol. 40: 622-630. Cusack C.K., Bates S.S., Quilliam M.A., Patching J.W. & Raine R. 2002. Confirmation of domoic acid production by <i>Pseudo-nitzschia australis</i> (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters. J. Phycol. 38: 1106-1112. Lundholm N., Skov, J., Pocklington R. & Moestrup Ø. 1994. Domoic acid, the amino acid responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning, now in <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> (Bacillariophyceae) in Europe. Phycologia 33: 475-478. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Bates S.S., Leger C., White J.M., MacNair N., Ehrman J.M., Levasseur M., Couture J.-L., Gagnon R., Bonneau E., Michaud S., Sauvé G., Pauley K. & Chassé J. 2002. Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada. In: Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, Oct. 2002, Florida, Book of abstracts, p. 23. Couture J.-Y., Levasseur M., Bonneau E., Desjardins C., Sauvé G., Bates S.S., Léger C., Gagnon R., Michaud S. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation of domoic acid in molluscs and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. blooms in the St. Lawrence from 1998 to 2000. Can. Tech. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2375: 24pp. Lundholm N., Andersen P., Jørgensen K., Thorbjørnsen B.R., Cembella A., Krock B., 2005. Domoic acid in Danish blue mussels due to a bloom of Pseudo-nitzschia seriata. Harmful Algae News 29, 8-10 Gallacher S., Howard G., Hess P., MacDonald E., Kelly M.C., Bates L.A., Brown N., MacKenzie M., Gillibrand P., Turrell W.R., 2001. The occurrence of amnesic shellfish poisons in shellfish from Scottish waters. In: Hallegraeff, G.M., Blackburn, S.I., Bolch, C.J., Lewis, R.J. (Ed.), Harmful Algal Blooms 2000. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. 30-33. Hansen L.R., Soylu S.I., Kotaki Y., Moestrup Ø., Lundholm N. 2011. Toxin production and temperature-induced morphological variation of the diatom <i>Pseudo-nitzschia seriata</i> from the Arctic. Harmful Algae 10: 689-696 Hasle G.R., Lundholm N., 2005. Pseudo-nitzschia seriata f. obtusa (Bacillariophyceae) raised in rank based on morphological, phylogenetic and distributional data. Phycologia 44:608-619.
contributor
Lundholm, Nina, N.
contributor
Lundholm, Nina, N.