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Brief Summary

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Culcita schmideliana, common name cushion star, is a species of pin-cushion star that has a variety of colors in different patches. It doesn't have arms and lives in tropical oceans.

Culcita schmideliana

provided by wikipedia EN

Culcita schmideliana, commonly known as the spiny cushion star, is a species of pin-cushion star. It has a variety of base colors and often patches of a different color. It is pentagonal in shape and lives in the tropical Indo-Pacific. This species is rarely kept by hobby aquarists.

Description

Culcita schmideliana is a roughly pentagonal starfish with a leathery surface and an inflated appearance. It is subglobose in shape when fully adult, with a very convex aboral (upper) surface and flat base. The aboral surface is scattered with small conical spines (that supposedly never enter the papular zones[2]) and the oral (under) surface has small granulations and is clad in large conical tubercles, those nearest the ambulacral grooves and the margin being ovate in cross section and the largest.[3] This starfish varies in color but often has a greyish background with small pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles. The madreporite is usually an orangeish color. This starfish often has several commensal animals in its body cavity or on its surface. A carapid fish is usually to be found living in its stomach and sometimes the polychaete worm Gastrolepidia clavigera crawls over its surface. There is also often a tiny commensal shrimp Periclimenes soror hiding almost invisibly on its aboral surface.[1]

Distribution and habitat

Culcita schmideliana is native to the tropical western Indo-Pacific. Its range extends from Madagascar, the East African coast and the Red Sea to Aldabra, Chagos, Philippines Islands, the Seychelles, the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Australia. It is found in lagoon areas and on inner reef flats with seagrasses and among algae at depths down to about 92 m (302 ft).[1][4]

Behaviour

Culcita schmideliana feeds mainly on the epibenthic film of organic detritus and micro-organisms growing on algae and sea grasses. It also browses on the sponge Gellius cymiformis, which is usually associated with the symbiotic alga Ceratodictyon spongiosum, and the living tissues and polyps of the stony corals Galaxea and Goniopora and the soft coral Xenia. In grazing in this way on corals it resembles the better known cushion star Culcita novaeguineae.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d WoRMS (2013). "Culcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805)". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
  2. ^ Clark, Ailsa M. & Rowe, Franck W. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water Indo-West Pacific echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). OCLC 717759019.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Gray, John Edward (1866). Synopsis of the Species of Starfish in the British Museum. John Van Voorst. p. 5. body supported by roundish or elongated pieces, covered with a smooth or granular skin, pierced with minute pores between the.
  4. ^ a b Thomassin, B. A. (1976). "Feeding behaviour of the felt-, sponge-, and coral-feeder sea stars, mainly Culcita schmideliana". Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen. 28 (1): 51–65. doi:10.1007/BF01610796.
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Culcita schmideliana: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Culcita schmideliana, commonly known as the spiny cushion star, is a species of pin-cushion star. It has a variety of base colors and often patches of a different color. It is pentagonal in shape and lives in the tropical Indo-Pacific. This species is rarely kept by hobby aquarists.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Colour in life: dark grey background with small irregular pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles, madreporite some shade of orange being the same colour as the intertubercular areas at the arm tips. Often with carapid fish commensal in stomach, sometimes with polynoid Gastrolepidia clavigera Schmarda, 1861 and usually with commensal shrimp Periclimenes soror Nobili (Palamonidae) (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: in algae (Tortonese, 1951). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area and Ceylon (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India)(Sastry, 1991). General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); western and central Indian Ocean, including Ceylon (Tortonese, 1980); tropical, Indian Ocean, depth range 0-92 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Lakshadweep (India)(Sastry, 1991). Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. <em>Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).</em> London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls. Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. <em>Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).</em> London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls.
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]