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Cartagena Prairie Clover

Dalea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J. F. Macbr.

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Parosela emphysodes (Jacq.) Rydberg
Psoralea emphysodes Jacq. Coll. 4: 144. 1790.
Psoralea phvmatodes Jacq. Ic. PI. Rar. 3: 13. 1793.
Dalea phymalodcs Willd. Sp. PI. 3: 1338. 1803.
Dalea domingensis Urban, Symb. Ant. 4: 283. 1905. Not D. domingensis DC. 1825.
A shrub, 0.5-2 m. high or a small tree (?); branches glabrous or slightly pubescent when young, with small glands; leaves 2-4 cm. long; stipules short, subulate; rachis glabrous or rarely slightly pubescent when young, glandular-dotted, slightly margined; stipels gland-like; leaflets 9-13, oval or obovate, rounded or retuse at the apex, 6-10 mm. long, glabrous or nearly so, minutely glandular-dotted beneath; spikes dense, oblong, 1-2 cm. long, both terminal and subsessile at the ends of very short axillary branches; bracts lance-ovate, short-acuminate, 5 mm. long, pubescent and glandular-dotted; calyx-tube campanulate, 10-ribbed, with a row of yellow glands in each interval, pilose on the ribs; lobes filiform, plumose, 3 mm. long or the lowest one 4 mm. long; corolla purple, rose, or white; blade of the banner cordate, 2.5 mm. long, the claw 2 mm. long; blades of the wings 3 mm. long, those of the keel-petals 4 mm. long, the claws of both 1.5 mm. long; pod villous and glandular-dotted above, naked below.
Type locality: [Not given, but supplied by Willdenow as] Caracas. Distribution: Porto Rico; Venezuela to Costa Rica.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel Rydberg. 1919. (ROSALES); FABACEAE; PSORALEAE. North American flora. vol 24(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Parosela domingensis (DC.) Milisp. Field. Mus. Publ Bot. 1: 21. 1895.
Dalea domingensis DC. Prodr. 2: 246. 1825.
Dalea enneaphylla Balbis; DC. Prodr. 2: 246, as synonym. 1825.
A shrub, 1-4 m. high; branches ascending, villous-puberulent, more or less glandular-tubercled; leaves 2-6 cm. long; stipules subulate, 2 mm. long; petiole 5-10 cm. long; rachis winged, villous-puberulent, glandular-dotted; leaflets 5-9, oval or obovate, rounded or retuse at the apex, 6-15 mm. long, villous on both sides, conspicuously dotted beneath; spikes axillary and terminal, short-peduncled, at first short, in age elongate, becoming 2-4 cm. long and lax; bracts ovate, shorter than the calyx, acute, more or less pubescent, conspicuously glandular-dotted; calyx-tube turbinate, 2 mm. long, pubescent, strongly 10-ribbed, with conspicuously yellow glands between the ribs; lobes subulatefiliform from a broad base, plumose, the upper 4 fully equaling the tube, the lowest one much longer, hooked at the apex; corolla ochroleucous, turning pink or purple; blades of the banner round-reniform, 2 mm. long and slightly broader, usually with 3-4 glands, the claw 2 mm. long; blades with a gland near the apex, those of the wings 2.5 mm. long, those of the keel-petals 3.5 mm. long, the claws of both 2 mm. long; pod villous and conspicuously glandular-dotted above.
Type locality: Santo Domingo.
Distribution: Cuba, Hispaniola. and Yucatan(?).
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel Rydberg. 1919. (ROSALES); FABACEAE; PSORALEAE. North American flora. vol 24(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Physical Description

provided by USDA PLANTS text
Perennial, Shrubs, Woody throughout, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems or branches arching, spreading or decumbent, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems 1-2 m tall, Plants gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules inconspicuous, absent, or caducous, Stipules setiform, subulate or acicular, Stipules deciduous, Stipules free, Leaves compound, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glandular punctate or gland-dotted, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Inflorescence panicles, Inflorescences spikes or spike-like, Inflorescences globose heads, capitate or subcapitate, Inflorescence terminal, Bracts conspicuously present, Bracts hairy, Br acteoles present, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals ochroleucous, cream colored, Petals pinkish to rose, Banner petal narrow or oblanceolate, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Keel tips obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens monadelphous, united below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit indehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit enclosed in calyx, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit 1-seeded, Seeds reniform, Seeds cordiform, mit-shaped, notched at one end, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler
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Missouri Botanical Garden
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Dalea carthagenensis

provided by wikipedia EN

Dalea carthagenensis is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Cartagena prairie-clover. It is native to the Americas, where it is found in South America, Central America, the West Indies, and the US state of Florida.[1]

There are several varieties, including:

References

  1. ^ "Dalea carthagenensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  2. ^ "var. barbata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  3. ^ "var. carthagenensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  4. ^ "var. floridana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  5. ^ var. floridana. Center for Plant Conservation.
  6. ^ "var. portoricana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.

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Dalea carthagenensis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Dalea carthagenensis is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Cartagena prairie-clover. It is native to the Americas, where it is found in South America, Central America, the West Indies, and the US state of Florida.

There are several varieties, including:

D. c. var. barbata - Mexico, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia D. c. var. carthagenensis - Hispaniola, Curacao, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Colombia D. c. var. floridana - Florida D. c. var. portoricana - Puerto Rico
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