Origanum

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Origanum (/ˈrɪɡənəm/ oh-RIG-ə-nəm[3]) is a genus of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia, where they are found in open or mountainous habitats. A few species also naturalized in scattered locations in North America and other regions.[2][4][5][6]

The plants have strongly aromatic leaves and abundant tubular flowers with long-lasting coloured bracts. The genus includes the important group of culinary herbs: marjoram (Origanum majorana) and oregano (Origanum vulgare).[7][8]

With their decorative bracts, Origanum species and cultivars are used as ornamental plants in the garden. The cultivars 'Kent Beauty'[9] and 'Rosenkuppel'[10] have received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Origanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including Coleophora albitarsella.

Species[2]
  1. Origanum acutidens (Hand.-Mazz.) Ietsw. - Turkey, Iraq
  2. Origanum × adanense Baser & H.Duman - Turkey (O. bargyli × O. laevigatum)
  3. Origanum × adonidis Mouterde - Lebanon (O. libanoticum × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii)
  4. Origanum akhdarense Ietsw. & Boulos - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya
  5. Origanum amanum Post - Hatay region of Turkey
  6. Origanum × barbarae Bornm. - Lebanon (O. ehrenbergii × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii)
  7. Origanum bargyli Mouterde - Turkey, Syria
  8. Origanum bilgeri P.H.Davis - Antalya region of Turkey
  9. Origanum boissieri Ietsw. - Turkey
  10. Origanum calcaratum Juss. - Greece
  11. Origanum compactum Benth. - Spain, Morocco
  12. Origanum cordifolium (Montbret & Aucher ex Benth.) Vogel - Cyprus
  13. Origanum cyrenaicum Bég. & Vacc. - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya
  14. Origanum dayi Post - Israel
  15. Origanum dictamnus L. – hop marjoram, Cretan dittany, dittany of Crete - endemic to Crete
  16. Origanum × dolichosiphon P.H.Davis - Seyhan region of Turkey (O. amanum × O. laevigatum)
  17. Origanum ehrenbergii Boiss. - Lebanon
  18. Origanum elongatum (Bonnet) Emb. & Maire - Morocco
  19. Origanum floribundum Munby - Algeria
  20. Origanum × haradjanii Rech.f - Turkey (O. laevigatum × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii)
  21. Origanum haussknechtii Boiss. - Turkey
  22. Origanum husnucan-baseri H.Duman, Aytac & A.Duran - Turkey
  23. Origanum hypericifolium O.Schwarz & P.H.Davis - Turkey
  24. Origanum × intercedens Rech.f. - Greece, Turkey (O. onites × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum)
  25. Origanum × intermedium P.H.Davis - Denizli region of Turkey (O. onites × O. sipyleum)
  26. Origanum isthmicum Danin - Sinai
  27. Origanum jordanicum Danin & Kunne - Jordan
  28. Origanum laevigatum Boiss. - Turkey, Syria, Cyprus
  29. Origanum leptocladum Boiss. - Turkey
  30. Origanum libanoticum Boiss. - Lebanon
  31. Origanum majorana L. – (sweet) marjoram - Turkey, Cyprus; naturalized in scattered locations in Europe, North Africa, North + South America
  32. Origanum × lirium Heldr. ex Halácsy - Greece (O. scabrum × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum)
  33. Origanum × majoricum Cambess. – hardy sweet marjoram - Spain including Balearic Islands (O. majorana × O. vulgare subsp. virens)
  34. Origanum microphyllum (Benth.) Vogel - Crete
  35. Origanum × minoanum P.H.Davis - Crete (O. microphyllum × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum)
  36. Origanum minutiflorum O.Schwarz & P.H.Davis - Turkey
  37. Origanum munzurense Kit Tan & Sorger - Turkey
  38. Origanum × nebrodense Tineo ex Lojac - Sicily (O. majorana × O. vulgare subsp. viridulum)
  39. Origanum onites L. - Greece, Turkey, Sicily
  40. Origanum × pabotii Mouterde - Syria (O. bargyli × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii)
  41. Origanum pampaninii (Brullo & Furnari) Ietsw - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya
  42. Origanum petraeum Danin - Jordan
  43. Origanum punonense Danin - Jordan
  44. Origanum ramonense Danin - Israel
  45. Origanum rotundifolium Boiss. - Turkey, Caucasus
  46. Origanum saccatum P.H.Davis - Turkey
  47. Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier - Greece
  48. Origanum sipyleum L. -Turkey, Greek Islands
  49. Origanum solymicum P.H.Davis - Antalya region of Turkey
  50. Origanum symes Carlström - Islands of the Aegean Sea
  51. Origanum syriacum L. - Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Sinai, Saudi Arabia
  52. Origanum vetteri Briq. & Barbey - Crete
  53. Origanum vogelii Greuter & Burdet - Turkey
  54. Origanum vulgare L. - oregano - Europe, North Africa, temperate Asia (Iran, Siberia, Central Asia, China, etc.); naturalized in parts of North America, New Zealand, Venezuela

Formerly placed here

References

  1. ^ "Genus: Origanum L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  2. ^ a b c "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". wcsp.science.kew.org.
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, first edition, entry "origanum"
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Origanum includes photos plus distribution maps for Europe + North America
  5. ^ "Origanum vulgare in Flora of China @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org.
  6. ^ "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. TaxonMaps". bonap.net.
  7. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  8. ^ Bouchra, Chebli; Achouri, Mohamed; Idrissi Hassani, L.M; Hmamouchi, Mohamed; et al. (2003). "Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils of seven Moroccan Labiatae against Botrytis cinerea Pers: Fr". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 89 (1): 165–169. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00275-7. PMID 14522450.
  9. ^ "Origanum 'Kent Beauty'". RHS. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Origanum 'Rosenkuppel'". RHS. Retrieved 18 January 2021.

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Origanum: Brief Summary

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 src= Origanum syriacum

Origanum (/oʊˈrɪɡənəm/ oh-RIG-ə-nəm) is a genus of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia, where they are found in open or mountainous habitats. A few species also naturalized in scattered locations in North America and other regions.

The plants have strongly aromatic leaves and abundant tubular flowers with long-lasting coloured bracts. The genus includes the important group of culinary herbs: marjoram (Origanum majorana) and oregano (Origanum vulgare).

With their decorative bracts, Origanum species and cultivars are used as ornamental plants in the garden. The cultivars 'Kent Beauty' and 'Rosenkuppel' have received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Origanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including Coleophora albitarsella.

Species Origanum acutidens (Hand.-Mazz.) Ietsw. - Turkey, Iraq Origanum × adanense Baser & H.Duman - Turkey (O. bargyli × O. laevigatum) Origanum × adonidis Mouterde - Lebanon (O. libanoticum × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii) Origanum akhdarense Ietsw. & Boulos - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya Origanum amanum Post - Hatay region of Turkey Origanum × barbarae Bornm. - Lebanon (O. ehrenbergii × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii) Origanum bargyli Mouterde - Turkey, Syria Origanum bilgeri P.H.Davis - Antalya region of Turkey Origanum boissieri Ietsw. - Turkey Origanum calcaratum Juss. - Greece Origanum compactum Benth. - Spain, Morocco Origanum cordifolium (Montbret & Aucher ex Benth.) Vogel - Cyprus Origanum cyrenaicum Bég. & Vacc. - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya Origanum dayi Post - Israel Origanum dictamnus L. – hop marjoram, Cretan dittany, dittany of Crete - endemic to Crete Origanum × dolichosiphon P.H.Davis - Seyhan region of Turkey (O. amanum × O. laevigatum) Origanum ehrenbergii Boiss. - Lebanon Origanum elongatum (Bonnet) Emb. & Maire - Morocco Origanum floribundum Munby - Algeria Origanum × haradjanii Rech.f - Turkey (O. laevigatum × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii) Origanum haussknechtii Boiss. - Turkey Origanum husnucan-baseri H.Duman, Aytac & A.Duran - Turkey Origanum hypericifolium O.Schwarz & P.H.Davis - Turkey Origanum × intercedens Rech.f. - Greece, Turkey (O. onites × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum) Origanum × intermedium P.H.Davis - Denizli region of Turkey (O. onites × O. sipyleum) Origanum isthmicum Danin - Sinai Origanum jordanicum Danin & Kunne - Jordan Origanum laevigatum Boiss. - Turkey, Syria, Cyprus Origanum leptocladum Boiss. - Turkey Origanum libanoticum Boiss. - Lebanon Origanum majorana L. – (sweet) marjoram - Turkey, Cyprus; naturalized in scattered locations in Europe, North Africa, North + South America Origanum × lirium Heldr. ex Halácsy - Greece (O. scabrum × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum) Origanum × majoricum Cambess. – hardy sweet marjoram - Spain including Balearic Islands (O. majorana × O. vulgare subsp. virens) Origanum microphyllum (Benth.) Vogel - Crete Origanum × minoanum P.H.Davis - Crete (O. microphyllum × O. vulgare subsp. hirtum) Origanum minutiflorum O.Schwarz & P.H.Davis - Turkey Origanum munzurense Kit Tan & Sorger - Turkey Origanum × nebrodense Tineo ex Lojac - Sicily (O. majorana × O. vulgare subsp. viridulum) Origanum onites L. - Greece, Turkey, Sicily Origanum × pabotii Mouterde - Syria (O. bargyli × O. syriacum subsp. bevanii) Origanum pampaninii (Brullo & Furnari) Ietsw - Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya Origanum petraeum Danin - Jordan Origanum punonense Danin - Jordan Origanum ramonense Danin - Israel Origanum rotundifolium Boiss. - Turkey, Caucasus Origanum saccatum P.H.Davis - Turkey Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. in P.E.Boissier - Greece Origanum sipyleum L. -Turkey, Greek Islands Origanum solymicum P.H.Davis - Antalya region of Turkey Origanum symes Carlström - Islands of the Aegean Sea Origanum syriacum L. - Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Sinai, Saudi Arabia Origanum vetteri Briq. & Barbey - Crete Origanum vogelii Greuter & Burdet - Turkey Origanum vulgare L. - oregano - Europe, North Africa, temperate Asia (Iran, Siberia, Central Asia, China, etc.); naturalized in parts of North America, New Zealand, Venezuela
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