Simoselaps, or Australian coral snakes, is a genus composed of 12 species of venomous elapid snakes.
Species of the genus Simoselaps are found throughout Australia.
Australian coral snakes are small snakes. They have smooth and polished scales, shovel-shaped snouts, and are brightly marked with bands or annuli.
Habitat and behavior
Species of Simoselaps are found mainly in arid regions. They are burrowing snakes which move beneath the surface through loose sand or soil. At night they come to the surface to feed on small lizards and reptile eggs.
All species of Australian coral snakes are oviparous and lay clutches of three to five eggs.
Species Authority Subsp. Common name Geographic range S. anomalus
, 1919) None northern desert banded snake Australia
, South and Western Australia) S. approximans
, 1954) None north-western shovel-nosed snake Western Australia S. australis
, 1864) None Australian coral snake South Australia
, New South Wales
and Victoria S. bertholdi
, 1864) None desert banded snake Australia S. calonotus
(A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) None black-striped burrowing snake Western Australia S. fasciolatus
, 1872) 2 narrow-banded shovel-nosed snake South and Western Australia
, New South Wales, Northern Territory
and Queensland S. incinctus
, 1968) None unbanded shovel-nosed snake Australia
: Northern Territory and Queensland S. littoralis
(Storr, 1968) None west-coast banded snake Western Australia S. minimus
, 1960) None Dampierland
burrowing snake Western Australia S. morrisi Horner
, 1998 None Arnhem
shovel-nosed snake Australia
:Northern Territory S. roperi
, 1931) None northern shovel-nosed snake Western Australia
, Kimberley Region and Northern Territory S. semifasciatus
(Günther, 1863) 3 southern shovel-nosed snake, half-girdled snake Western Australia
, Northern Territory
, South Australia and Queensland
Several of the above species are sometimes placed in the genera Brachyurophis or Neelaps.