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Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

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Observations: Little is known about the longevity of these animals, but one specimen lived 11.8 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005).
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Behavior

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Male porcupines will “sing” either in a low or a high pitched whine when they are sexually excited. Mothers will communicate with their young using voice sounds to direct their offspring where to go. Sometimes the offspring will answer with whimperings. Specific information on communication for T. fasciculata was not found.

Communication Channels: tactile ; acoustic ; chemical

Perception Channels: tactile ; acoustic ; chemical

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Conservation Status

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Long-tailed porcupines are not currently threatened. However, under the Protection of Wildlife Act 1972/1976, long-tailed porcupines are cited as “Totally Protected” in the Malaysian Peninsula.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: least concern

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Benefits

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Long-tailed porcupines are sometimes considered nuisance species because they destroy certain crops (i.e. pineapple crops). By eating the cambium layer of a tree, they can also cause the death of trees.

Negative Impacts: crop pest

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Benefits

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Some native people believe that the tail of long-tailed porcupines has some value. They remove it from the rest of the porcupine hide. The use of the tail by native peoples has never been fully documented.

Positive Impacts: body parts are source of valuable material

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Ariane Reister, Kalamazoo College
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Associations

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Because porcupines feed on the cambium layer of a tree, the tree will then die. The death of a tree is ecologically significant. For example, dead trees may be important habitats for several species of birds.

Ecosystem Impact: creates habitat

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Trophic Strategy

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Long-tailed porcupines are mainly herbivorous, eating fruits, seeds, bamboo shoots, and the cambium layer of trees, although their diet can also include invertebrates. They will climb trees and shrubs in search of food

Animal Foods: insects; terrestrial non-insect arthropods

Plant Foods: leaves; wood, bark, or stems; seeds, grains, and nuts; fruit

Primary Diet: herbivore (Folivore , Lignivore)

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Distribution

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Long-tailed porcupines are endemic to southeast Asia. They are found in the entire area bordered on the west and south by Sumatra and bordered on the east and south by Borneo. Their distribution is bordered to the north by the Malay peninsula.

Biogeographic Regions: oriental (Native )

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Habitat

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Long-tailed porcupines live in several different habitats and are predominantly terrestrial, preferring to live in burrows, caves, and fissures in or around fallen trees. Although they also climb trees and shrubs in search of food. They inhabit subtropical and tropical moist broadleaf forests such as rain forests, peat swamp forests, freshwater swamp forests, lowland rain forests, montane rain forests, and heath forests. They also inhabit montane alpine meadows and shrublands, along with subtropical and tropical coniferous forests. They sometimes occur in mangrove forests. They have been found at elevations as high as 1159 m.

Range elevation: 0 to 1159 m.

Habitat Regions: tropical ; terrestrial

Terrestrial Biomes: savanna or grassland ; forest ; rainforest

Wetlands: swamp

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Life Expectancy

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A captive individual lived more than 10 years, no information on wild longevity is available. Other porcupine species often live 5 to 6 years in the wild.

Range lifespan
Status: captivity:
11 (high) years.

Average lifespan
Status: captivity:
10.1 years.

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Morphology

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Long-tailed porcupines are the smallest members of the family Hystricidae, resembling spiny rats. They can weigh from 1.7 kg to 2.3 kg, and can be up to 48 cm long from the head to the base of the tail. Tail length can be up to 23 cm long. The long tail can break off from the rest of the body, potentially saving its owner from predation. More females than males are found without their tails. Perhaps the males hold the females by their tail during mating, causing the tail to come off. Once lost, the tail cannot be regenerated. Long-tailed porcupines have four toes on their front legs and five toes on their back legs. Long-tailed porcupines are good climbers, because of their broad paws.

Long-tailed porcupines are black or brown on the upper body and white on the under body. Except for the head and underside, which are covered with hair, long-tailed porcupines are covered with flattened spines that are dark brown in color at the ends and white at the tip. This species has the shortest spines in the family Hystricidae. None of the quills are more than 5 cm long. There are hairs, similar to bristles, between the spines. Scales cover most of the length of the brown tail, which is tipped with hollow quills. These brush-like quills are concentrated at the rear and the hindquarters. Unlike other porcupines, when shaken, these quills do not produce any rattling sound. No information was found on physical differences, such as size, between males and females.

Range mass: 1.5 to 2.3 kg.

Range length: 27.9 to 48 cm.

Other Physical Features: endothermic ; homoiothermic; bilateral symmetry

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Associations

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Long-tailed porcupines seem to have the ability to lose their tail, potentially enabling them to escape predation when the tail is grabbed. There are no documented predators of long-tailed porcupines, but many larger mammals, snakes, or birds of prey are potential predators,

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Reproduction

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The size of the male and the density of his quills seem to be a determining factor for females in choosing a mate. However, chemical cues are also expected to play a large role for the female in choosing a mate. The strong decaying-wood odor of porcupines probably attracts males and females to each other during the breeding season. When a female is ready to mate, she vocalizes a mating call, which attracts males to her. The males must then fight each other to be her mate. Males that win battles with other males may then be chosen by a female to be her mate. The winner is normally the largest and oldest porcupine, and he must guard the female from other suitors for three days. No specific information on mating systems has been found for T. fasciculata, other than that it is similar to other porcupines in its family.

The breeding season for porcupines is between September and November, but females are only sexually active for about a month (if they breed within that month). If the female does not breed within that month, she becomes sexually active again in another month. Females begin breeding at one year of age, ovulation often begins at 18 months of age. Leading up to the breeding season, females exhibit anxiousness and anticipation by gnawing their teeth on objects. They are also more vocal; chattering their teeth more than usual. Males also exhibit unusual behavior during this time period. They whine louder, and they travel farther than normal. These porcupines mate at night. After a gestation period of about seven months, one or two young "porcupettes" are born. Specific information for T. fasciculata is not known, but it is thought to be similar to other members of its family.

Breeding interval: Breeding intervals may be up to two litters per year.

Breeding season: Breeding occurs from September to November.

Range number of offspring: 1 (low) .

Average number of offspring: 1-2.

Average gestation period: 7 months.

Range weaning age: 6 to 8 weeks.

Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female): 9 to 16 months.

Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female): 12 months.

Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male): 8 to 18 months.

Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male): 12 months.

Key Reproductive Features: iteroparous ; seasonal breeding ; gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual ; viviparous

No specific information on parental investment in T. fasciculata is available, but their reproduction is thought to be similar to other Old World porcupines Hystricidae. In related species, young are born with their eyes open and quills, incisors, and premolar teeth present. The mother takes care of her newborn though the summer months. Females nurse their young, which also begin to incorporate other foods into their diets relatively early.

Parental Investment: precocial ; pre-fertilization (Provisioning, Protecting: Female); pre-hatching/birth (Provisioning: Female, Protecting: Female); pre-weaning/fledging (Provisioning: Female, Protecting: Female)

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Reister, A. 2006. "Trichys fasciculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html
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Hoc'h-dreinek hirlostek ( Breton )

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An hoc'h-dreinek hirlostek (Trichys fasciculata) a zo ur bronneg krigner hag a vev e Borneo hag e ledenez Malezia. Ar spesad nemetañ eo er genad Trichys.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Trichys fasciculata és una espècie de rosegador histricomorf de la família Hystricidae. És un porc espí que habita a Borneo. Espècie externament similar a Atherurus, però difereix dels membres d'aquest gènere en moltes característiques cranials.

 src= A Wikimedia Commons hi ha contingut multimèdia relatiu a: Trichys fasciculata Modifica l'enllaç a Wikidata
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Pinselstachler ( German )

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Wissenschaftlicher Name der Gattung Trichys Günther, 1877 Wissenschaftlicher Name der Art Trichys fasciculata (Shaw, 1801)

Der Pinselstachler (Trichys fasciculata) ist ein Säugetier in der Familie der Stachelschweine und die einzige Art der Gattung Trichys.[1]

Merkmale

Mit einer Kopf-Rumpf-Länge bis zu 48 cm, einer Schwanzlänge bis zu 23 cm und einem Gewicht zwischen 1,7 und 2,3 kg ist der Pinselstachler das kleinste Familienmitglied. Der Körper ist am Rücken und an den Seiten von braunen Stacheln mit weißen Spitzen bedeckt. Diese sind kürzer als bei anderen Stachelschweinen. Auf dem Kopf befindet sich braunes Fell, wogegen das Fell der Unterseite weißlich ist. Der lange Schwanz ist hauptsächlich mit Schuppen bedeckt, mit Ausnahme einer borstigen Quaste an der Spitze. Bei manchen Individuen bricht der Schwanz während der Flucht oder bei anderen Ereignissen ab, er kann jedoch nicht regeneriert werden.[2]

Verbreitung und Lebensraum

 src=
Trichys fasciculata

Der Pinselstachler lebt auf der südwestlichen Malaiischen Halbinsel sowie auf Sumatra und Borneo. In Gebirgen kann er bis 1150 Meter Meereshöhe angetroffen werden. Als Habitat dienen hauptsächlich ursprüngliche Wälder. Die Art besucht weiterhin von Menschen veränderte Landschaften und Mangrovenwälder.[3]

Lebensweise

Die Individuen sind nachtaktiv. Sie ruhen am Tage in aufgefundenen Erdlöchern oder in anderen Verstecken. Der Pinselstachler hält sich meist auf dem Boden auf und kann bei Bedarf im Unterholz klettern. Er frisst vorwiegend Pflanzenteile wie Früchte, Samen, Bambussprossen oder weiche Rinde, sowie verschiedene wirbellose Tiere.[2]

Beim Pinselstachler sind die Weibchen zwischen September und November einen Monat paarungsbereit. Paarungsbereite Weibchen stoßen einen Paarungsruf aus, worauf die Männchen um das Paarungsrecht kämpfen. Meist ist das größte und älteste Männchen der Gewinner. Dieser folgt dem Weibchen in den folgenden drei Tagen, in denen die Paarung stattfindet.[2]

Die Trächtigkeit dauert etwa sieben Monate, worauf ein oder zwei Jungtiere geboren werden. Vermutlich sind die Neugeborenen, wie bei anderen Stachelschweinen weit entwickelt und bei Geburt mit weichen Stacheln ausgerüstet. Junge Pinselstachler werden etwa 8 Wochen gesäugt. Sie erreichen die Geschlechtsreife meist nach einem Jahr. In Gefangenschaft gehaltene Exemplare erreichten ein Alter von 10 Jahren.[2]

Status

Der Pinselstachler wird in Südostasien gejagt, was jedoch keine gravierenden Auswirkungen auf den Gesamtbestand hat. Die Weltnaturschutzunion (IUCN) listet die Art als nicht gefährdet (Least Concern).[3]

Einzelnachweise

  1. Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder (Hrsg.): Mammal Species of the World. A taxonomic and geographic Reference. 3. Auflage. 2 Bände. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD 2005, ISBN 0-8018-8221-4 (englisch, Trichys).
  2. a b c d A. Reister: Trichys fasciculata im Animal Diversity Web der University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Abgerufen: 24. Juli 2015.
  3. a b Trichys fasciculata in der Roten Liste gefährdeter Arten der IUCN 2015.2. Eingestellt von: Aplin, K. & Lunde, D., 2008. Abgerufen am 24. Juli 2015.
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Pinselstachler: Brief Summary ( German )

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Der Pinselstachler (Trichys fasciculata) ist ein Säugetier in der Familie der Stachelschweine und die einzige Art der Gattung Trichys.

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Long-tailed porcupine

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The long-tailed porcupine (Trichys fasciculata) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. It is monotypic within the genus Trichys,[2] and is found in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia.[3]

References

  1. ^ Aplin, K. & Lunde, D. (2008). "Trichys fasciculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2009.old-form url
  2. ^ "Trichys Günther, 1877". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  3. ^ Woods, C. A. and C. W. Kilpatrick. 2005. Hystricognathi. Pp 1538-1600 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press of the, Washington D.C.
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Long-tailed porcupine: Brief Summary

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The long-tailed porcupine (Trichys fasciculata) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. It is monotypic within the genus Trichys, and is found in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Trichys fasciculata es una especie de roedor histricomorfo de la familia Hystricidae. Es un puercoespín que habita en Borneo. Especie externamente similar a Atherurus, pero difiere de los miembros de este género en muchas características craneales.

Referencias

  1. Aplin, K. (2008). «Trichys fasciculata». Lista Roja de especies amenazadas de la UICN 2020 (en inglés). ISSN 2307-8235. Consultado el 5 de enero de 2009.
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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Trichys fasciculata es una especie de roedor histricomorfo de la familia Hystricidae. Es un puercoespín que habita en Borneo. Especie externamente similar a Atherurus, pero difiere de los miembros de este género en muchas características craneales.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Basque )

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Trichys fasciculata Trichys generoko animalia da. Karraskarien barruko Hystricidae familian sailkatuta dago.

Erreferentziak

  1. (Ingelesez)Mammals - full taxonomy and Red List status Ugaztun guztien egoera 2008an
  2. Shaw (1801) Hystricidae Gen. Zool. 11. or..

Ikus, gainera

(RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.log.warn("Gadget "ErrefAurrebista" was not loaded. Please migrate it to use ResourceLoader. See u003Chttps://eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berezi:Gadgetaku003E.");});
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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Basque )

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Trichys fasciculata Trichys generoko animalia da. Karraskarien barruko Hystricidae familian sailkatuta dago.

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Trichys fasciculata ( French )

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Trichys fasciculata est une espèce de porc-épic vivant au Brunei, en Indonésie et en Malaisie.

Références externes

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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( French )

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Trichys fasciculata est une espèce de porc-épic vivant au Brunei, en Indonésie et en Malaisie.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Italian )

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Trichys fasciculata (Shaw, 1801) è un roditore della famiglia degli Istricidi, unica specie del genere Trichys (Günther, 1876), diffuso nell'Ecozona orientale.[1][2]

Descrizione

Dimensioni

Roditore di grandi dimensioni, con la lunghezza della testa e del corpo tra 375 e 435 mm, la lunghezza della coda tra 150 e 240 mm, la lunghezza del piede tra 61 e 67 mm, la lunghezza delle orecchie tra 28 e 32 mm e un peso fino a 2155 g.[3]

Caratteristiche craniche e dentarie

Il cranio è lungo e stretto e presenta un cresta sagittale prominente negli adulti, un processo post-orbitale ben sviluppato, le ossa nasali corte e un rostro sottile. La bolla timpanica è piccola, il palato è dritto e ampio, con due fori molto corti. Il foro infra-orbitale è relativamente più piccolo rispetto agli altri roditori istricomorfi, i zigomi sono semplificati. I denti masticatori hanno le radici e la corona bassa.

Sono caratterizzati dalla seguente formula dentaria:

3 1 0 1 1 0 1 3 3 1 0 1 1 0 1 3 Totale: 20 1.incisivi; 2.canini; 3.premolari; 4.molari;

Aspetto

L'aspetto è quello di un grosso ratto con il corpo ricoperto da una pelliccia formata sia da aculei di lunghezza media, appiattiti, flessibili, attraversati ciascuno da un solco longitudinale, che da peli spinosi più lunghi. Le parti dorsali variano dal bruno-nerastro al marrone chiaro con la base dei peli bianca, più chiare sui fianchi, mentre le parti ventrali sono interamente bianche. Il muso è allungato, termina con un grosso naso bulboso, gli occhi sono relativamente piccoli. Le zampe anteriori sono larghe e provviste di quattro dita ben sviluppate, ognuna munita di artigli ispessiti, quelle posteriori hanno cinque dita con l'alluce ben sviluppato. La coda è lunga più della metà del corpo, è rivestita di scaglie e presenta un grosso e denso ciuffo di setole appiattite all'estremità.

Biologia

Comportamento

È una specie notturna e prevalentemente arboricola.

Alimentazione

Si nutre di semi di grossi alberi e di germogli di bambù.

Riproduzione

Le femmine danno alla luce un piccolo alla volta l'anno dopo una gestazione di 203 giorni. Vengono svezzati dopo 10 settimane e diventano maturi sessualmente dopo un anno e mezzo. Alla nascita hanno gli occhi già aperti, una pelliccia rossiccia ed aculei morbidi che diventano rigidi dopo una settimana e sono in grado di arrampicarsi sugli alberi già dopo alcune ore. L'aspettativa di vita in cattività è di circa 10 anni e un mese.

Distribuzione e habitat

Questa specie è diffusa nella Penisola malese, Sumatra e nel Borneo.

Vive nelle foreste di pianura, anche degradate. È parzialmente commensale dell'uomo.

Stato di conservazione

La IUCN Red List, considerato il vasto areale, la relativa abbondanza e la mancanza di reali minacce, classifica T.fasciculata come specie a rischio minimo (LC).[1]

Note

  1. ^ a b c (EN) Aplin, K. & Lunde, D. 2008, Trichys fasciculata, su IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Versione 2019.2, IUCN, 2019.
  2. ^ (EN) D.E. Wilson e D.M. Reeder, Trichys fasciculata, in Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3ª ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.
  3. ^ Francis, 2008.

Bibliografia

  • Charles M.Francis & Junaidi Payne, A Field guide to the Mammals of Borneo, Sabah Society, Malaysia, 1985, ISBN 9789679994711.
  • Ronald M. Novak, Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. ISBN 9780801857898
  • Charles M.Francis, A Guide to the Mammals of Southeast Asia, Princeton University Press, 2008, ISBN 9780691135519.

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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Italian )

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Trichys fasciculata (Shaw, 1801) è un roditore della famiglia degli Istricidi, unica specie del genere Trichys (Günther, 1876), diffuso nell'Ecozona orientale.

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Landak Padi ( Malay )

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Landak Padi (bahasa Inggeris: Long-tailed Porcupine) ialah sejenis spesies rodensia dalam famili Hystricidae. Ia merupakan satu-satunya spesies dalam genus Trichys. Nama sainsnya Trichys fasciculata / Trichys lipura.[1]

Taburan

Landak Padi boleh didapati di Brunei, Indonesia dan Malaysia.

Ciri-ciri

Sebagai mamalia, Landak Padi adalah haiwan berdarah panas, melahirkan anak, menjaga anak, dan mempunyai bulu di badan.

Jantung Landak Padi terdiri daripada 4 kamar seperti manusia. Kamar atas dikenali sebagai atrium, sementara kamar bawah dikenali sebagai ventrikel.

Pembiakan

Sebagai mamalia, Landak Padi berdarah panas, melahirkan anak, menjaga anak, dan mempunyai bulu di badan. Landak Padi akan menjaga anaknya sehingga mampu berdikari.

Pengekalan

Landak Padi merupakan haiwan yang dilindungi and memerlukan lesen pemburuan.


Rujukan

Pautan luar


Senarai mamalia A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
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Landak Padi: Brief Summary ( Malay )

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Landak Padi (bahasa Inggeris: Long-tailed Porcupine) ialah sejenis spesies rodensia dalam famili Hystricidae. Ia merupakan satu-satunya spesies dalam genus Trichys. Nama sainsnya Trichys fasciculata / Trichys lipura.

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Langstaartstekelvarken ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Het langstaartstekelvarken (Trichys fasciculata) is een zoogdier uit de familie van de stekelvarkens van de Oude Wereld (Hystricidae). De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort werd voor het eerst geldig gepubliceerd door Shaw in 1801.

Voorkomen

De soort komt voor in Brunei, Maleisië en Indonesië.

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
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Langstaartstekelvarken: Brief Summary ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Het langstaartstekelvarken (Trichys fasciculata) is een zoogdier uit de familie van de stekelvarkens van de Oude Wereld (Hystricidae). De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort werd voor het eerst geldig gepubliceerd door Shaw in 1801.

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Skąpokolec malajski ( Polish )

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Skąpokolec malajski (Trichys fasciculata) – gatunek ssaka z rodziny jeżozwierzy, jedyny przedstawiciel swojego rodzaju. Występuje w południowo-wschodniej Azji od Sumatry po Borneo i Półwysep Malajski. Najchętniej żyje w lasach, ale można go spotkać także na górskich łąkach i na terenach zakrzewionych.

Wygląd

Długość ciała wynosi 28–48 cm, waga 1,5–2,3 kg, co czyni skąpokolca najmniejszym przedstawicielem jeżozwierzy. Sierść na grzbiecie jest brązowa lub czarna, na brzuchu biała. Poza głową i brzuchem całe ciało pokryte jest krótkimi, 5-centymetrowymi ciemnobrązowymi kolcami o białych końcówkach, wystającymi spomiędzy sierści. Długi, mierzący do 23 cm ogon może odpaść w razie niebezpieczeństwa, odwracając uwagę drapieżnika. Zwierzęta nie mają jednak zdolności regeneracji ogona, więc po odrzuceniu są go już pozbawione do końca życia. Skąpokolce wydzielają charakterystyczny zapach podobny do zapachu gnijącego drewna.

Tryb życia

Nocny tryb życia. Dzień spędzają w jaskiniach, szczelinach, pod drzewami lub w innych podobnych kryjówkach. Żywią się głównie roślinami – owocami, ziarnami, pędami bambusa, częściami, drzew, ale czasami zjadają także bezkręgowce. Większość czasu spędzają na ziemi, ale w poszukiwaniu pożywienia potrafią wspinać się na drzewa.

Rozmnażanie

Okres godowy trwa od września do listopada. Samica wybiera partnera na podstawie wielkości ciała, gęstości kolców, oraz prawdopodobnie zapachu. Samica gotowa do rozrodu wydaje odgłosy zwabiające do niej samce. Samce następnie walczą przed samicą, która może zdecydować się na wybór zwycięzcy walk. Samiec ten musi następnie bronić partnerki przez trzy dni, nim dojdzie do zapłodnienia.

Samica po trwającej 7 miesięcy ciąży rodzi jedno lub dwa młode, które karmi następnie mlekiem przez około 7 tygodni. Zwierzęta zazwyczaj osiągają dojrzałość płciową w wieku ok. roku. Mogą żyć do 11 lat.

Przypisy

  1. Trichys fasciculata, w: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ang.).
  2. Trichys fasciculata. Czerwona księga gatunków zagrożonych (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) (ang.).

Bibliografia

  1. A. Reister: Trichys fasciculata (ang.). Animal Diversity Web. [dostęp 26 lipca 2010].
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Skąpokolec malajski: Brief Summary ( Polish )

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Skąpokolec malajski (Trichys fasciculata) – gatunek ssaka z rodziny jeżozwierzy, jedyny przedstawiciel swojego rodzaju. Występuje w południowo-wschodniej Azji od Sumatry po Borneo i Półwysep Malajski. Najchętniej żyje w lasach, ale można go spotkać także na górskich łąkach i na terenach zakrzewionych.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Portuguese )

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Nome binomial Trichys fasciculata
(Shaw, 1801)

Trichys fasciculata é uma espécie de roedor da família Hystricidae. É a única espécie do gênero Trichys.

Pode ser encontrado nas ilhas de Bornéu e Sumatra, e na península Malaia.

Referências

  • WOODS, C. A.; KILPATRICK, C. W. Infraorder Hystricognathi. In: WILSON, D. E.; REEDER, D. M. (Eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. 3. ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. v. 2, p. 1538-1600.
  • APLIN, K.; LUNDE, D. 2008. Trichys fasciculata. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Acessado em 11 de novembro de 2008.
Ícone de esboço Este artigo sobre roedores, integrado ao WikiProjeto Mamíferos é um esboço. Você pode ajudar a Wikipédia expandindo-o.
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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Portuguese )

provided by wikipedia PT

Trichys fasciculata é uma espécie de roedor da família Hystricidae. É a única espécie do gênero Trichys.

Pode ser encontrado nas ilhas de Bornéu e Sumatra, e na península Malaia.

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Långsvansat piggsvin ( Swedish )

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Långsvansat piggsvin (Trichys fasciculata) är en gnagare i familjen jordpiggsvin som förekommer i Sydostasien. Arten är den enda i sitt släkte.

Utseende

Med en kroppslängd (huvud och bål) av upp till 48 cm, en svanslängd av upp till 23 cm och en vikt av 1,7 till 2,3 kg är arten den minsta av alla jordpiggsvin. Långsvansat piggsvin bär på ovansidan bruna taggar som har vita spetsar, huvudet och buken är täckt av hår. Pälsfärgen på buken är vitaktig. Den långa svansen bär huvudsakligen fjäll och vid slutet finns en tofs med borstlika hår. Arten har fyra tår vid framtassen och fem tår vid bakfoten som är utrustade med klor. Svansen kan bryta av när individen flyr från fiender men den kan inte återskapas.[2]

Utbredning och habitat

Långsvansat piggsvin lever på Malackahalvön, på Sumatra och på Borneo. Den vistas i ursprungliga skogar och i landskap som förändrades av människan.[1] Den kan även hittas på bergsängar i upp till 1 150 meter höga bergstrakter eller i mangroveskogar.[2]

Ekologi

Individerna är aktiva på natten och vilar på dagen i naturliga jordhålor eller i andra gömställen. De vistas främst på marken men har bra klättringsförmåga. Födan utgörs främst av växtdelar som frukter, frön, unga skott av bambu eller mjuk bark som kompletteras med ryggradslösa djur.[2]

Parningsberedda honor skriker och sedan strider hannarna för rätten att para sig. Den framgångsrika hannen följer vanligen tre dagar med honan. Parningstiden varar från september till november men honor är vanligen bara under en månad mottagliga. Dräktigheten varar cirka sju månader och sedan föds en eller två ungar. Troligen öppnar de ögonen kort efter födelsen, liksom ungar av närbesläktade arter, och de har redan mjuka taggar. Efter upp till åtta veckor slutar honan med digivning och ungarna är i genomsnitt vid ett års ålder könsmogna.[2]

En individ i fångenskap levde 10 år.[2]

Status

Arten jagas i mindre utsträckning. Beståndet betraktas som stabilt och därför listas långsvansat piggsvin av IUCN som livskraftig (LC).[1]

Referenser

Noter

  1. ^ [a b c] Aplin, K. & Lunde, D. 2011 Trichys fasciculata Från: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Läst 28 juni 2012.
  2. ^ [a b c d e] A. Reister (27 april 2006). Trichys fasciculata (på engelska). Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Trichys_fasciculata.html. Läst 28 juni 2012.

Tryckta källor

  • Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-8018-5789-9

Externa länkar

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Långsvansat piggsvin: Brief Summary ( Swedish )

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Långsvansat piggsvin (Trichys fasciculata) är en gnagare i familjen jordpiggsvin som förekommer i Sydostasien. Arten är den enda i sitt släkte.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Ukrainian )

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Їжатець довгохвостий (Trichys fasciculata) — єдиний представник роду Trichys з родини Їжатцевих, що мешкає на частині Малайського півострова, на островах Борнео й Суматра у лісах та посівних площах.

Зовнішня морфологія

Зовні нагадує великого щура. Довжина голови й тіла 350—480 мм, хвоста — 175—230 мм, вага: 1,75-2,25 кг. Хутро зверху коричневе, знизу білувате. Тіло покрите рівними, гнучкими голками помірної довжини. Так як голки знаходяться переважно ззаду, при обороні він повертається спиною до противника. Хвіст коричневий і лускатий; він легко відривається і багато дорослих особин, особливо жіночої статі, — безхвості. Передні ноги мають чотири пальці, а задні — п'ять, всі пов'язані безперервними мембранами і озброєні товстими кігтями.

Поведінка

Їжатець довгохвостий не може ощетинюватись і тріскотіти своїми голками. Активність проявляє переважно вночі. Хоча він — переважно наземна істота, все ж він є хорошим альпіністом, вилазячи за продовольством на дерева й кущі. Притулок знаходить у природних печерах, кам'яних щілинах, підземних норах, виритих іншими ссавцями; можуть також рити нори самі у м'якому ґрунті тропічних лісів. Головним чином травоїдні (особливо люблять фрукти, насіння, пагони бамбука), але поживою можуть бути й безхребетні. Є повідомлення, що він знищує ананаси в деяких областях.

Джерела

  • Сайт МСОП
  • Ronald M. Nowak Walker's mammals of the world. — 1999. — Vol. 1.
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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Ukrainian )

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Їжатець довгохвостий (Trichys fasciculata) — єдиний представник роду Trichys з родини Їжатцевих, що мешкає на частині Малайського півострова, на островах Борнео й Суматра у лісах та посівних площах.

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Trichys fasciculata ( Vietnamese )

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Trichys fasciculata là một loài động vật có vú trong họ Nhím lông Cựu Thế giới, bộ Gặm nhấm. Loài này được Shaw mô tả năm 1801.[2] Đây là loài duy nhất trong chi Trichys[3] được tìm thấy ở Brunei, Indonesia, và Malaysia.

Chú thích

  1. ^ Aplin, K. & Lunde, D. (2008). Trichys fasciculata. 2008 Sách đỏ IUCN. Liên minh Bảo tồn Thiên nhiên Quốc tế 2008. Truy cập ngày 5 tháng 1 năm 2009.
  2. ^ a ă Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. biên tập (2005). “Trichys fasciculata”. Mammal Species of the World . Baltimore: Nhà in Đại học Johns Hopkins, 2 tập (2.142 trang). ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Trichys Günther, 1877 (TSN 584607) tại Hệ thống Thông tin Phân loại Tích hợp (ITIS).

Tham khảo


Hình tượng sơ khai Bài viết về một loài thuộc bộ Gặm nhấm này vẫn còn sơ khai. Bạn có thể giúp Wikipedia bằng cách mở rộng nội dung để bài được hoàn chỉnh hơn.
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Trichys fasciculata: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

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Trichys fasciculata là một loài động vật có vú trong họ Nhím lông Cựu Thế giới, bộ Gặm nhấm. Loài này được Shaw mô tả năm 1801. Đây là loài duy nhất trong chi Trichys được tìm thấy ở Brunei, Indonesia, và Malaysia.

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Длиннохвостый дикобраз ( Russian )

provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию
Латинское название Trichys fasciculata
Shaw, 1801

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ITIS 584688 NCBI 73865 Охранный статус
Status iucn3.1 LC ru.svg
Вызывающие наименьшие опасения
IUCN 3.1 Least Concern: 22132

Длиннохвостый дикобраз[1] (Trichys fasciculata) — вид грызунов семейства Hystricidae. Единственный представитель рода Trichys, обитающий на части Малайского полуострова, на островах Борнео и Суматра в лесах и посевных площадях.

Внешне напоминает большую крысу. Длина тела 35—48 см, хвоста 17,5—23 см, вес 1,75—2,25 кг. Мех сверху коричневый, снизу беловатый. Тело покрыто равными, гибкими иглами умеренной длины. Так как иглы находятся преимущественно сзади, при обороне он поворачивается спиной к противнику. Хвост коричневый и чешуйчатый, он легко отрывается и много взрослых особей, особенно женского пола, — бесхвостые. Передние ноги имеют четыре пальца, а задние — пять, все связанные непрерывными мембранами и вооружённые толстыми когтями.

Длиннохвостый дикобраз не может ощетиниваться и трещать своими иглами. Активность проявляет преимущественно ночью. Хотя это преимущественно наземное существо, он может хорошо лазать на деревья и кусты. Убежище находит в пещерах, расщелинах, подземных норах, вырытых другими млекопитающими; могут также рыть норы сами в мягком грунте тропических лесов. Главным образом травоядные (особенно любят фрукты, семена, побеги бамбука), но могут питаться и беспозвоночными. Имеются сообщения, что животные уничтожают ананасы в некоторых областях.

Примечания

  1. Соколов В. Е. Пятиязычный словарь названий животных. Млекопитающие. Латинский, русский, английский, немецкий, французский. / под общей редакцией акад. В. Е. Соколова. — М.: Рус. яз., 1984. — С. 194. — 10 000 экз.
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Длиннохвостый дикобраз: Brief Summary ( Russian )

provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию

Длиннохвостый дикобраз (Trichys fasciculata) — вид грызунов семейства Hystricidae. Единственный представитель рода Trichys, обитающий на части Малайского полуострова, на островах Борнео и Суматра в лесах и посевных площадях.

Внешне напоминает большую крысу. Длина тела 35—48 см, хвоста 17,5—23 см, вес 1,75—2,25 кг. Мех сверху коричневый, снизу беловатый. Тело покрыто равными, гибкими иглами умеренной длины. Так как иглы находятся преимущественно сзади, при обороне он поворачивается спиной к противнику. Хвост коричневый и чешуйчатый, он легко отрывается и много взрослых особей, особенно женского пола, — бесхвостые. Передние ноги имеют четыре пальца, а задние — пять, все связанные непрерывными мембранами и вооружённые толстыми когтями.

Длиннохвостый дикобраз не может ощетиниваться и трещать своими иглами. Активность проявляет преимущественно ночью. Хотя это преимущественно наземное существо, он может хорошо лазать на деревья и кусты. Убежище находит в пещерах, расщелинах, подземных норах, вырытых другими млекопитающими; могут также рыть норы сами в мягком грунте тропических лесов. Главным образом травоядные (особенно любят фрукты, семена, побеги бамбука), но могут питаться и беспозвоночными. Имеются сообщения, что животные уничтожают ананасы в некоторых областях.

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长尾豪猪 ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科
二名法 Trichys fasciculata
Shaw,1801

长尾豪猪(学名:Trichys fasciculata)是啮齿目豪猪科的一,分布于苏门答腊婆罗洲以及马来半岛[1]

参考资料

參考文獻

  • Woods, C. A. and C. W. Kilpatrick. 2005. Hystricognathi. Pp 1538-1600 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press of the, Washington D.C.
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长尾豪猪: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

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长尾豪猪(学名:Trichys fasciculata)是啮齿目豪猪科的一,分布于苏门答腊婆罗洲以及马来半岛

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쥐호저 ( Korean )

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과
학명 Trichys fasciculata
(Shaw, 1801)

쥐호저 또는 긴꼬리산미치광이(Trichys fasciculata)는 호저과에 속하는 설치류의 일종이다. 쥐호저속 또는 긴꼬리산미치광이속(Trichys)의 유일종이다.[2] 브루나이인도네시아 그리고 말레이시아에서 발견된다.[3]

각주

  1. “Trichys fasciculata”. 《멸종 위기 종의 IUCN 적색 목록. 2008판》 (영어). 국제 자연 보전 연맹. 2008. 2009년 1월 5일에 확인함.
  2. Trichys Günther, 1877”. 미국 통합 분류학 정보 시스템(Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS).
  3. Woods, C. A. and C. W. Kilpatrick. 2005. Hystricognathi. Pp 1538-1600 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press of the, Washington D.C.
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쥐호저: Brief Summary ( Korean )

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

쥐호저 또는 긴꼬리산미치광이(Trichys fasciculata)는 호저과에 속하는 설치류의 일종이다. 쥐호저속 또는 긴꼬리산미치광이속(Trichys)의 유일종이다. 브루나이인도네시아 그리고 말레이시아에서 발견된다.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia 작가 및 편집자