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Distribution

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Pakistan to Nepal.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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Elevation Range

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800-2100 m
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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eFloras.org
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Hypericum oblongifolium

provided by wikipedia EN

Hypericum oblongifolium, known as Pendant St. John's wort, is a species of flowering plant in Hypericum sect. Ascyreia.

Distribution and Habitat

The species is present from northern Pakistan east to central Nepal through the western Himalayas in hilly regions at elevations of 800–1200 meters above sea level.[4][5] It is found in open areas or shady, moist places, sometimes being found in the undergrowth.[6]

Description

The species is a shrub that grows from 50 to 120 centimeters tall. It is many-branched, and its branches are spreading or drooping or sometimes straggling. Its stems are red, 4-lined, and ancipitous when young, but later become terete. The stems are 15–50 mm long, meaning they are almost always shorter than the leaves. When the plant has bark it is a dark grey color. The leaves are sessile and are elliptical to oblong and are paler beneath the leaf. The lower ones are eventually deciduous. The leaves have laminar glands that are arrayed in short lines or streaks or dots, and their ventral glands can be dense or sparse varying from plant to plant. The species has groups of 1–3 flowers that come from an apical node and are corymbiform. The flowers are 35–65 millimeters in diameter and are stellate with ovoid buds that are obtuse to rounded. The petals appear bright yellow to bright yellow-orange and grow to be around 20 by 15 millimeters in size. The stamen fascicles each have about 30 stamens, with the longest being 15–20 millimeters long with yellow anthers. The seeds are a dark reddish-brown and are 1-1.2 millimeters long.[7][6]

The species' flowering period typically lasts from March to August.[8]

Uses

Hypericum oblongifolium extract has traditionally been used as a treatment for numerous ailments, including hepatitis, gastric ulcers, and bee stings. In addition, its extract has also been used as a dressing for external wounds and as a sedative, antispasmodic, and antiseptic.[9]

More recently, methanol extracts from H. oblongifolium have been tested for their analgesic properties, with the raw extract from the plant being proven to have significant analgesic properties. However, no widespread usage of the plant strictly as an analgesic has yet been recorded.[10][11]

Besides its medical uses, the extract that comes from the roots of the species can be used to create a yellow dye that is sometimes harvested in local regions where the species can be found.

References

  1. ^ "Tropicos | Name - Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy". www.tropicos.org. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  2. ^ "Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy — The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  3. ^ "Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy". www.gbif.org. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  4. ^ "Hypericum oblongifolium - Details - Encyclopedia of Life". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  5. ^ "Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  6. ^ a b "Hypericum oblongifolium in Flora of Pakistan @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  7. ^ "Nomenclature | Hypericum online". hypericum.myspecies.info. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  8. ^ "Hypericum oblongifolium - Pendant St Johns Wort". www.flowersofindia.net. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  9. ^ Khan, Arif-ullah; Khan, Munasib; Subhan, Fazal; Gilani, Anwarul Hassan (2009). "Antispasmodic, bronchodilator and blood pressure lowering properties ofHypericum oblongifolium -- possible mechanism of action". Phytotherapy Research. 24 (7): 1027–32. doi:10.1002/ptr.3067. ISSN 0951-418X. PMID 19960425.
  10. ^ Raziq, Naila; Saeed, Muhammad; Shahid, Muhammad; Muhammad, Naveed; Khan, Haroon; Gul, Farah (2015). "Pharmacological basis for the use of Hypericum oblongifolium as a medicinal plant in the management of pain, inflammation and pyrexia". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 16 (1): 41. doi:10.1186/s12906-016-1018-z. ISSN 1472-6882. PMC 4736148. PMID 26832937.
  11. ^ Ali, Mumtaz; Latif, Abdul; Zaman, Khair; Arfan, Mohammad; Maitland, Derek; Ahmad, Habib; Ahmad, Manzoor (2014). "Anti-ulcer xanthones from the roots of Hypericum oblongifolium Wall". Fitoterapia. 95: 258–265. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2014.03.014. ISSN 0367-326X. PMID 24685505.
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Hypericum oblongifolium: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Hypericum oblongifolium, known as Pendant St. John's wort, is a species of flowering plant in Hypericum sect. Ascyreia.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
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visit source
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wikipedia EN