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Troctomorpha

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Troctomorpha is one of the three major suborders of Psocodea (formerly Psocoptera)[1][2](barklice, booklice, and parasitic lice), alongside Psocomorpha and Trogiomorpha. There are more than 30 families and 5,800 described species in Troctomorpha.[3][4][1] The order includes parasitic lice, which are most closely related to the booklice family Liposcelididae.

Cladogram

Cladogram showing the position of Troctomorpha within Psocodea:[5]

PsocodeaTroctomorpha     Phthiraptera    

Philopteridae

       

Anoplura

   

Rhynchophthirina

     

Trichodectidae

       

Amblycera

     

Liposcelididae

       

Pachytroctidae

   

Sphaeropsocidae

       

Amphientometae

    Psocomorpha      

Homilopsocidea

   

Caeciliusetae

         

Psocetae

   

Epipsocetae

     

Philotarsetae

       

Archipsocetae

      Trogiomorpha    

Atropetae

   

Psyllipsocetae

     

Prionoglaridetae (paraphyletic)

     
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Schizophthirus pleurophaeus

Fossil record

The oldest record of the suborder is suggested to be Paramesopsocus adibi, known from the Late Jurassic Karabastau Formation of Kazakhstan.[6][7]

Classification

Troctomorpha contains the following subgroups:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Johnson, Kevin P.; Smith, Vincent S. (2021). "Psocodea species file online, Version 5.0". Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  2. ^ Bess, Emilie; Smith, Vince; Lienhard, Charles; Johnson, Kevin P. (2006). "Psocodea". Tree of Life. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
  3. ^ "Troctomorpha Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2019-05-04.
  4. ^ "Troctomorpha suborder Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2019-05-04.
  5. ^ de Moya, Robert S; Yoshizawa, Kazunori; Walden, Kimberly K O; Sweet, Andrew D; Dietrich, Christopher H; Kevin P, Johnson (2021-06-16). Buckley, Thomas (ed.). "Phylogenomics of Parasitic and Nonparasitic Lice (Insecta: Psocodea): Combining Sequence Data and Exploring Compositional Bias Solutions in Next Generation Data Sets". Systematic Biology. 70 (4): 719–738. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syaa075. ISSN 1063-5157. PMID 32979270.
  6. ^ Azar, Dany; Hajar, Lara; Indary, Chadi; Nel, André (January 2008). "Paramesopsocidae, a new Mesozoic psocid family (Insecta: Psocodea "Psocoptera": Psocomorpha)". Annales de la Société entomologique de France. New Series. 44 (4): 459–470. doi:10.1080/00379271.2008.10697581. ISSN 0037-9271. S2CID 85044414.
  7. ^ Mockford, Edward L.; Lienhard, Charles; Yoshizawa, Kazunori (October 2013). "Revised classification of 'Psocoptera' from Cretaceous amber, a reassessment of published information". Insecta Matsumurana. New Series. 69: 1–26. ISSN 0020-1804.
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Troctomorpha: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Troctomorpha is one of the three major suborders of Psocodea (formerly Psocoptera)(barklice, booklice, and parasitic lice), alongside Psocomorpha and Trogiomorpha. There are more than 30 families and 5,800 described species in Troctomorpha. The order includes parasitic lice, which are most closely related to the booklice family Liposcelididae.

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Troctomorpha

provided by wikipedia FR

Les Troctomorpha (Les troctomorphes en français) sont un sous-ordre d'insectes de l'ordre des Psocoptera.

Références

  1. (de) Roesler, R. 1944. Die Gattungen der Copeognatha. Stettiner Entomologi-sches Zeitung 105:117–66.

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Troctomorpha: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Les Troctomorpha (Les troctomorphes en français) sont un sous-ordre d'insectes de l'ordre des Psocoptera.

license
fr
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
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wikipedia FR