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Vochysiaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales.

Description

Trees or shrubs with opposite leaves; flowers are zygomorph 1-(3)-5 merous; ovary inferior or superior; one fertile stamen; fruits samara or capsules.

Biogeography

Six of the eight genera are native to the Neotropics. The genera Erismadelphus and Korupodendron are native to West and Central Africa.

Evolutionary history

The family likely originated in South America. Erismadelphus is thought to have diverged from Erisma approximately 30 million years ago, and traveled to Africa as the result of long-distance dispersal.

Systematics

Vochysiaceae are closest to Myrtaceae.[1] Vochysiaceae consist of 7 genera with 217 species. The family is classified in two tribes:

Tribe Erismeae : one inferior ovary and winged fruits

Tribe Vochysieae: three fused superior ovaries and capsule fruits

The genus Euphronia, previously included in Vochysiaceae, is unrelated and now stands alone in the family Euphroniaceae, more closely related to the family Chrysobalanaceae.

References

  1. ^ Conti, E., A. Litt, P.G. Wilson, S.A Graham, B.G. Briggs, L.A.S. Johnson, K.J. Sytsma. 1997. Interfamiliar relationships in Myrtales: molecular phylogeny and patterns of morphological evolution. Systematic Botany 22: 629-647
  • Family of Vochysiaceae link APWebsite. (engl.)
  • Amy Litt & Dennis W. Stevenson: Floral development and morphology of Vochysiaceae. I. The structure of the gynoecium in American Journal of Botany, 90, 2003, S. 1533-1547: Online.
  • M. L. Kawasaki: Vochysiaceae, S. 480-487 in Klaus Kubitzki: The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Volume 9, Flowering Plants - Eudicots, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-32214-6.
  • F. Carnevale Neto et al.: Vochysiaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential, "Phytochemistry Reviews" (Print), v. 10, p. 413-429, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11101-011-9213-5.
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Vochysiaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN