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Tagiades flesus

Comprehensive Description

provided by Memoirs of the American Entomological Society
Tagiades flesus (Fabricius) (Fig. 21, $ genitalia)
Papilio flesus Fabricius, 1781: 155 (West Africa).
= Papilio ophion Drury, 1782 [1770-1782], 3: 21; pi. 17, figs. 1, 2 (Sierra Leone). = Tagiades flesus form ophelia Evans, 1937: 28 (Kikura River, Lifura Valley, Congo).
A thorough examination of the specimens in Carnegie Museum shows no reliable basis for separating the dry season form ophelia from typical flesus. Many of the specimens show intermediate conditions of both characters Evans used to separate ophelia — the gray overscaling of the hindwing upper surface and the reduction of the hyaline spots on the forewing. Retention of the name "ophelia" for any purpose seems inadvisable.
Evans (1937: 28) records flesus from Senegambia east to Abyssinia and south to South Africa. It is apparently abundant.
Figures 21-22, 8 genitalia. Fig. 21, Tagiades jiesus, Harbel, Liberia. Fig. 22, Eagris d. denuba, Efulen, Cameroon.
Liberia: Harbel, 1 9 , II, 1 8 , 2 2 , III, 1 8 , 1 2 , V, 1 8 , VI, 1 8 , X, 1 2 , XI; Bomi Hills, 1 8 , IV; St. Paul River at Zorzor Road, 1 8 , V; Zorzor, 1 8 , XI; trail near Fisabu, 1 9 , XI; Ganta, 1 2 , V, 3 8 , 3 2 , VI, 1 8 , VII; Wanau Forest, 1 8 , VI, 1 8 , X; and Yendamalahoun, 1 8 , IV (Fox); Liberia, West Africa, 2 8 (A. C. Good).
This Liberian series is comparable in all respects with the remainder of the Carnegie Museum material — over two hundred specimens from Cameroon, Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Kenya, Tanganyika. Nyasaland and South Africa (Natal).
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bibliographic citation
Fox, R.M., Lindsey, A.W., Clench, H.K., Miller, L.D. 1965. The Butterflies of Liberia. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society vol. 19. Philadelphia, USA

Tagiades flesus

provided by wikipedia EN

Tagiades flesus, the clouded flat, clouded forester or clouded skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae from southern Africa.

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The underside of Tagiades flesus

Description

The wingspan is 35–47 mm for males and 43–49 mm for females. The upper surface of the wings is brownish with translucent spots near the apex of the forewings. These spots are larger in the female than in the male.[3] The undersurface of the hindwings is white with a semicircle of irregular black spots. The winter form is lighter in colour than the summer form.[3]

Distribution

This species is found in forest areas from the Eastern Cape of South Africa,[3] through Swaziland and to the border of Zimbabwe.[3]

Life cycle

Eggs

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Female

Single eggs are laid on the shoots of the food plants.[4]

Larvae

The larvae feed on Dioscorea species (including D. malifolia) and Grewia species. The larva makes a shelter by cutting part way through a leaf from its edge and folding it over, or by sticking two leaves together with silk.[4]

Pupae

The pupa is formed within the leaf shelter and is light brown in colour.[4]

Adults

Adults are on wing year-round; in warmer areas with peaks in late summer and autumn.[5] The males select territories and fly rapidly, with the white underside of the wings "flashing".[3] The females fly randomly throughout the forest.[3] The adults feed from flowers,[3] including those of Deinbollia oblongifolia and Tabernaemontana ventricosa.[6] These butterflies usually sit with the wings open.

References

  1. ^ Tagiades at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A.; Lyal, C., eds. (2003). "Tagiades flesus". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum. Retrieved April 23, 2018. Savela appears to be wrong in crediting this name to Stoll [1790].
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Williams, M. (1994). Butterflies of Southern Africa; A Field Guide. Southern Book Publishers. ISBN 1-86812-516-5.
  4. ^ a b c Woodhall, S.(2008). What's that Butterfly?. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. ISBN 978-1-77007-486-6.
  5. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.
  6. ^ Purves, M. (2010)
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Tagiades flesus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Tagiades flesus, the clouded flat, clouded forester or clouded skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae from southern Africa.

 src= The underside of Tagiades flesus
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Wikipedia authors and editors
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