Image of Stuhlmann's Golden Mole
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Stuhlmann's Golden Mole

Chrysochloris (Kilimatalpa) stuhlmanni Matschie 1894

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The skins of this species are used as charms or talismans by the Bakiga tribe in Kigezi.

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Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
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Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Behavior

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Perception Channels: tactile ; chemical

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Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
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Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Conservation Status

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This species appears to be rather common throughout its range.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: least concern

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
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Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Benefits

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It is also possible that this species causes damage to plants root systems in gardens, but direct crop damage is unlikely because of their insectivorous diet.

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Benefits

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It is possible that this species removes insect pests, aerates the soil, and fertilizes (w/fecal matter) gardens.

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Trophic Strategy

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Like the other golden moles, Stuhlmann's golden mole eats mainly soil invertebrates including worms, grubs, and beetles.

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Distribution

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Central and eastern Africa including parts of Cameroon, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.

Biogeographic Regions: ethiopian (Native )

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Habitat

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Stuhlmann's golden moles usually live at high elevations in mountainous areas. They burrow just below the ground sometimes near vegetation. They are sometimes found in gardens.

Terrestrial Biomes: mountains

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Morphology

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Head and body = 90-140 mm with no tail. The fur is dense, short, and soft, usually light underneath and brown or dark green above. If looked at from different angles the fur seems iridescent and almost purple. The fur is also water-repellent and very insulating. The skin on the head is especially thick and forms a tough pad that covers the nostrils. This limbs are very short yet powerful. There are two very long, thick claws on the forlimbs, the hind feet are webbed and have smaller, sharp claws. The ears are very small and the eyes are covered with hairy skin. The upper teeth of the golden moles are longer than the lower teeth. Females have four mammae. Members of this genus have a temporal bullae.

Other Physical Features: endothermic ; bilateral symmetry

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bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
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Reproduction

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The breeding season seems to be during the rainy season, April-July. This could be due to the fact that the moles are out of their burrows more at night (see behavior) and the chances of meeting others of their species are higher. After breeding, moles construct a circular nest layered with grass in their tunnel systems. The female gives birth here and suckles the 1-3 young for two-three months. After this time the young are fully grown and are evicted form the burrow.

Key Reproductive Features: gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual

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The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
bibliographic citation
Ellis, E. 1999. "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysochloris_stuhlmanni.html
author
Eric J. Ellis, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
original
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Stuhlmann's golden mole

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Stuhlmann's golden mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae. It is found in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, arable land, and pastureland.[2]

References

  1. ^ Bronner, G.N.; Jenkins, P.D. (2005). "Order Afrosoricida". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b Bronner, G. (2008). "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2008.old-form url
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Stuhlmann's golden mole: Brief Summary

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Stuhlmann's golden mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni) is a species of mammal in the family Chrysochloridae. It is found in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, arable land, and pastureland.

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