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Acrocomia crispa (Kunth) C. F. Baker ex Becc.

Corojo tree

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These plants are say to native of Cuba. some others scientific names are Cocos crispa, Astrocaryum crispum, Gastrococos armentalis, Acrocomia armentalis. The common Synonym is Corojo palm in spanish These are the plant caractiristic: A solitary, tall, drought tolerant, alkaline soil tolerant, moderately slow growing, mo This is the Cuban Belly Palm from Cuba, Gastrococos crispa, which has recently changed its name. It is a tall, spiny palm with a trunk that is slender at the base, but swollen in the middle, giving it the name "Cuban belly palm" in English. Locally common on calcareous soils within Semi-deciduous forest, Degraded scrub, and Savanna in Cuba. Acrocomia crispa can tolerate close to freezing conditions. But low temperatures are best avoided, it will not tolerate any duration of dormancy and anything other than the briefest of cold snaps will surely kill a young plant. It naturally occurs in dry, arid, sun exposed, grassland locations, and should be planted to maximise Summer heat & sunshine exposure. Its roots will travel down to find water. Under cold conditions we recommend you keep this palm as dry as possible, which will usually mean constructing a glass or plastic roof over the plant to keep rain off, and supplemental heat provided over duration. Any cover placed over this palm during times of rain or during cold nights must be removed or vented during hours of sunshine or the plant could be severely heat stressed. noecious palm. Rare in cultivation, locally common in the wild. It has a spiny, grey trunk, 18.3 m. (60 ft.) tall, 20-46 cm. (8-18 inch) diameter with spaced ring leaf scars, and large segmented, pinnate (feather) leaves, 3 m. (10 ft.) long, 1.5 m. (5 ft.) wide, dark green above and, greyish green beneath.
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Acrocomia crispa

provided by wikipedia EN

Acrocomia crispa, the Cuban belly palm or corojo, a palm species which is endemic to Cuba. Formerly placed in its own genus, Gastrococos, recent work found that that genus was nested within Acrocomia.[2] It is a tall, spiny palm with a trunk that is slender at the base, but swollen in the middle, giving it the name "Cuban belly palm" in English.[3]

Description

Acrocomia crispa is a single-stemmed palm tree with pinnately-compound leaves. Stems are 7–18 metres (23–59 ft) tall, with a distinct, "spindle-shaped" bulge halfway up the stem. Trunks are densely spiny, but becomes smooth and grey as the trunk ages. Trees have 10-20 leaves which are up to 3 metres (10 ft) with leaflets which are approximately opposite.[4]

Taxonomy

The species was first described by as Cocos cripsa by Carl Sigismund Kunth in 1816 based on an incomplete specimen collected by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland. In 1866 Sebastián Alfredo de Morales described Gastrococcus armentalis based on a distinct type species. Although Morales was able to examine the specimen that Kunth's species was based on, he concluded that the two collections represented different species.[4] In 1912, based on Charles Fuller Baker's description, Odoardo Beccari published a formal description Acrocomia crispa, in which he included Kunth's C. cripsa.[5][4]

References

  1. ^ Henderson, Andrew; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (1995). Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-08537-1.
  2. ^ Roncal, Julissa; Scott Zona; Carl E. Lewis (2008). "Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of Caribbean Palms (Arecaceae) and Their Relationships to Biogeography and Conservation". Botanical Review. 74 (1): 78–102. doi:10.1007/s12229-008-9005-9. S2CID 40119059.
  3. ^ Kyburz, Rolf. "Gastrococos crispa". PACSOA, the Palm and Cycad Society of Australia. Archived from the original on 2007-02-18. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  4. ^ a b c Craft, Paul (2017). The palms of Cuba. Sebastian, Florida. pp. 40–43. ISBN 978-0-6929-7732-3. OCLC 1054275994.
  5. ^ Beccari, Odoardo (1912). "The Palms Indigenous to Cuba II". Pomona College Journal of Economic Botany. 2: 364.
  1. "Acrocomia crispa". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
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Acrocomia crispa: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Acrocomia crispa, the Cuban belly palm or corojo, a palm species which is endemic to Cuba. Formerly placed in its own genus, Gastrococos, recent work found that that genus was nested within Acrocomia. It is a tall, spiny palm with a trunk that is slender at the base, but swollen in the middle, giving it the name "Cuban belly palm" in English.

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