It typically occupies open plains, shrub-steppe and high steppe dotted with wormwood (Artemisiaspp.) and alfalfa (Stipaspp.) on hard or pebbly soils, avoiding sand7,8,9. In Spain, it occurs in areas with low bushes. It also occurs in cereal fields outside the breeding season. It is found from 50-1,550 m but mainly over 1,000 m. It feeds on the ground on insects and seeds. Breeding takes place in March-July.