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Poecilosclerida

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Poecilosclerida is an order of the demosponge class. It is the most speciose demosponge order with over 2200 species (World Porifera Database[2]). It contains about 25 recognised families. They are characterised by having chelae microscleres, that is, the minute spicules scattered through the tissues, usually in the 10-60 μm range, have a shovel-like structure on the end.[3]

Most of the families are viviparous with parenchymella larvae that are uniformly ciliated.[3]

Families

As of 2018, the following families are recognized:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b WoRMS (2021). "Poecilosclerida". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Porifera news". marinespecies.org. World Porifera Database. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b van Soest, Rob. "Order Poecilosclerida". species-identification.org. Marine Species Identification Portal. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b Merrick Ekins, Dirk Erpenbeck, Lisa Goudie, John N. A. Hooper: New carnivorous sponges and allied species from the Great Australian Bight. In: ZooTaxa Volume 4878, No. 2. Jan 2021. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4878.2.2. Along with:
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Poecilosclerida: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Poecilosclerida is an order of the demosponge class. It is the most speciose demosponge order with over 2200 species (World Porifera Database). It contains about 25 recognised families. They are characterised by having chelae microscleres, that is, the minute spicules scattered through the tissues, usually in the 10-60 μm range, have a shovel-like structure on the end.

Most of the families are viviparous with parenchymella larvae that are uniformly ciliated.

 src= Monanchora arbuscula (Crambeidae)
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