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Diagnostic Description

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Distinguished by the following characteristics: usually reddish brown, sometimes mottled with black or pale grey spots with black streak above maxilla; juveniles with black saddle blotch on peduncle; oblong body, compressed, depth contained 2.8-3.2 times in SL; head length 2.5-2.7 in SL; convex interorbital area; enlarged serrae at angle of preopercle, forming rounded lobe set off by the indentation immediately above; nostrils subequal in juveniles, posterior nostrils about twice that of anterior ones in adults (Ref. 89707).
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Recorder
Rodolfo B. Reyes
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 17; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
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Rodolfo B. Reyes
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Threats

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Least Concern (LC) , IUCN Grouper and Wrasse Specialist Group
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Susan M. Luna
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Trophic Strategy

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Stalking predators of fishes and bottom animals (Ref. 40396).
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Pascualita Sa-a
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Biology

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Occurs over rocky and sandy bottoms; young individuals very common in mangrove-lined lagoons. Feeds on mollusks (presumably cephalopods) and small fishes (Ref. 89707). Marketed fresh.
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Importance

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fisheries: minor commercial; price category: high; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Mottled grouper

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The mottled grouper (Mycteroperca rubra) is a species of fish in the family Serranidae.[2] It is found in Albania, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Croatia, Cyprus, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malta, Mauritania, Morocco, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, and Western Sahara.

Parasites

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Philometra inexpectata, a nematode parasite of the mottled grouper [3]

As most fish, the mottled grouper harbours a variety of parasites. These include the diplectanid monogenean Pseudorhabdosynochus regius on the gills [4] and the philometrid nematode Philometra inexpectatata in the gonad.[3]

References

  1. ^ Rocha, L.; Ferreira, B.; Choat, J.H.; Craig, M.T.; Sadovy, Y. & Bertoncini, A.A. (2008). "Mycteroperca rubra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T14054A4387820. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14054A4387820.en.
  2. ^ Huntsman, G. 1996. Mycteroperca rubra. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007. open access
  3. ^ a b Moravec, František; Chaabane, Amira; Justine, Jean-Lou; Neifar, Lassad (2016). "Two gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from groupers (Serranidae) off Tunisia, with a key to Philometra species infecting serranid gonads". Parasite. 23: 8. doi:10.1051/parasite/2016008. ISSN 1776-1042. PMC 4783587. PMID 26956219. open access
  4. ^ Chaabane, Amira; Neifar, Lassad; Justine, Jean-Lou (2015). "Pseudorhabdosynochus regius n. sp. (Monogenea, Diplectanidae) from the mottled grouper Mycteroperca rubra (Teleostei) in the Mediterranean Sea and Eastern Atlantic". Parasite. 22: 9. doi:10.1051/parasite/2015005. ISSN 1776-1042. PMC 4325681. PMID 25674913.open access
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Mottled grouper: Brief Summary

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