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Macrostomorfs ( Catalan; Valencian )

provided by wikipedia CA

Els macrostomorfs (Macrostomorpha) constitueixen una subclasse de platihelmints de vida lliure que habiten a l'aigua dolça i marina.[2]

Filogènia

Posició filogenètica dels macrostomorfs dins l'embrancament dels platihelmints segons el treball de Laumer i col·laboradors publicat l'any 2015:[2]

Platyhelminthes

Catenulida



Rhabditophora

Macrostomorpha



Trepaxonemata

Polycladida



Prorhynchida





Gnosonesimida


Euneoophora

Rhabdocoela




Proseriata



Adiaphanida

Fecampiida



Prolecithophora




Tricladida





Bothrioplanida


Neodermata

Cestoda



Monogenea




Digenea











Referències

  1. *«Turbellarian Taxonomic Database». [Consulta: 6 abril 2015].
  2. 2,0 2,1 Christopher E Laumer, Andreas Hejnol, Gonzalo Giribet, 2015. Nuclear genomic signals of the 'microturbellarian' roots of platyhelminth evolutionary innovation. eLife 2015;10.7554/eLife.05503.
  • Doe DA, 1986. Ultrastructure of the copulatory organ of Haplopharynx quadristimulus and its phylogenetic significance (Plathelminthes, Haplopharyngida). Zoomorphology 106: 163-173.
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Macrostomorfs: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Els macrostomorfs (Macrostomorpha) constitueixen una subclasse de platihelmints de vida lliure que habiten a l'aigua dolça i marina.

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Macrostomorpha

provided by wikipedia EN

Macrostomorpha is a clade of free living flatworms ranked either as class or subclass in the group Rhabditophora. There are about 260 described species in two orders - marine, freshwater and brackish Macrostomida, which group most of the species diversity, and exclusively marine Haplopharyngida with only three described species.[1] Macrostomorpha constitute a basal group in Rhabditophora, showing such plesiomorphic condition as entolecithal eggs and spiral cleavage.[2] Another trait found among members of the clade is presence of hard stylet in the male copulatory organ.

References

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Macrostomorpha: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Macrostomorpha is a clade of free living flatworms ranked either as class or subclass in the group Rhabditophora. There are about 260 described species in two orders - marine, freshwater and brackish Macrostomida, which group most of the species diversity, and exclusively marine Haplopharyngida with only three described species. Macrostomorpha constitute a basal group in Rhabditophora, showing such plesiomorphic condition as entolecithal eggs and spiral cleavage. Another trait found among members of the clade is presence of hard stylet in the male copulatory organ.

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Macrostomorpha ( French )

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Les Macrostomorpha sont un super-ordre de vers plats.

Liste des ordres

Vision phylogénétique

Selon Turbellarian Taxonomic Database, Version 2.0[1],[2].

Plathelminthes

Catenulida


Rhabditophora Macrostomorpha

Haplopharyngida



Macrostomida



Trepaxonemata Amplimatricata

Polycladida



Prorhynchida




Gnosonesimida


Euneoophora Rhabdocoela

Kalyptorhynchia



Dalytyphloplanida




Proseriata


Acentrosomata Adiaphanida

Prolecithophora




Fecampiida



Tricladida






Bothrioplanida


Neodermata

Monogenea




Cestoda



Trematoda










Références

  • Doe, 1986 : Ultrastructure of the copulatory organ of Haplopharynx quadristimulus and its phylogenetic significance (Plathelminthes, Haplopharyngidae). Zoomorphology 106 pp. 163-173.
  • Tyler, Schilling, Hooge & Bush 2006 : Turbellarian taxonomic database. Version 1.7 Base de données

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Macrostomorpha: Brief Summary ( French )

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Les Macrostomorpha sont un super-ordre de vers plats.

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Macrostomorpha ( Polish )

provided by wikipedia POL
przeniesione
Acoela Uljanin, 1870Gnathostomulida Riedl, 1969Nemertodermatida Karling, 1940Xenoturbellida Westblad, 1949
Na podstawie:
Bernhard Egger, Francois Lapraz, Bartłomiej Tomiczek, Steven Muller, Christophe Dessimoz, Johannes Girstmair, Nives Skunca et al. A Transcriptomic-Phylogenomic Analysis of the Evolutionary Relationships of Flatworms. „Current Biology”. 25, s. 1347–1353, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.03.034 (ang.).
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Classification

provided by World Register of Marine Species
The classification used here is a compromise between the more traditional taxonomy of Neodermata vs. the turbellarians. Yet it reflects the fact that Neodermata is within free-living flatworms (i.e. turbellaria are paraphyletic). It mentions all traditional taxa that are found in phylogenetic studies (e.g. Laumer et al., 2015). Many of the "in-between" higher level taxa (such as Trepaxonemata etc.) are no longer in WoRMS (probably more user friendly that way). This also means an asymmetry between turbellarians (nine ordines) and Neodermata (superclass with three classes).
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Artois, Tom, T.