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Acropora desalwii

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Acropora desalwii is a species of acroporid coral that was first described by Dr Carden Wallace in 1994. Found in sheltered, tropical, shallow reefs, mainly on the slopes, this species is generally found at depths below 15 metres (49 feet), but this can be as low as 30 metres (98 feet). The species is rated as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, with a decreasing population, and is affected by disease. It is common and found over a large area, and is listed under CITES Appendix II.

Description

Acropora desalwii forms in corymbose colonies consisting of crowded branches.[2] The branchlets at the edge of the corymbose colonies are obvious, upward-facing, and can have over a single axial corallite, which are tube-shaped and long, and facing upwards. It is green, brown or blue in colour, and radial corallites are also present on the sides of the branchlets. It resembles Acropora parapharaonis and Acropora willisae.[2] It exists in a marine environment in tropical, shallow, sheltered reefs, generally at depths less than 15 m (49 ft), but can be found at between 10 and 30 m (33 and 98 ft).[1] It is often kept in aquariums, where it reaches diameters of up to 25 cm.[3]

Distribution

Acropora desalwii is common and found over a large area; the Solomon Islands and the Indo-Pacific, and it mainly occurs in Indonesia (two regions), Pohnpei, and the Philippines. It is native to Micronesia, Thailand, Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Singapore.[1] There is no known population for it, but the species is threatened by the decline of coral reefs, water temperatures increasing causing bleaching, disease, climate change, fishing, the acidification of oceans, pollution, invasive species, and Acanthaster planci.[1] Some specimens could occur within Marine Protected Areas, it listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List as the population is decreasing, and is listed under Appendix II of CITES.[1]

Taxonomy

It was first described by C. C. Wallace in 1994 in the Indo-Pacific as Acropora desalwii.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Acropora desalwii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. Retrieved 12 August 2015.old-form url
  2. ^ a b "Acropora desalwii Fact Sheet. Wallace, 1994". Australian Institute of Marine Science. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Acropora desalwii". Meerwasser Lexikon. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Acropora desalwii Wallace, 1994". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
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Acropora desalwii: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Acropora desalwii is a species of acroporid coral that was first described by Dr Carden Wallace in 1994. Found in sheltered, tropical, shallow reefs, mainly on the slopes, this species is generally found at depths below 15 metres (49 feet), but this can be as low as 30 metres (98 feet). The species is rated as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, with a decreasing population, and is affected by disease. It is common and found over a large area, and is listed under CITES Appendix II.

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Biology

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bibliographic citation
van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
Contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]