dcsimg

Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Aquatic herbs. Stipules present. Leaves floating or submerged, alternate or in a rosette, simple (in ours). Flowers in clusters (in ours), generally 5-merous and (in ours) bisexual. Sepals free or ± so. Corolla gamopetalous, lobes membranous, often fimbriate or pilose. Ovary superior, 1-locular with 2(-5) parietal placenta. Fruit capsule, dehiscent or not. Seeds often numerous.
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Menyanthaceae Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=138
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
partner site
Flora of Zimbabwe

Menyanthaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants in the order Asterales. There are approximately 60-70 species in six genera distributed worldwide. The simple or compound leaves arise alternately from a creeping rhizome. In the submersed aquatic genus Nymphoides, leaves are floating and support a lax, umbellate or racemose inflorescence. In other genera the inflorescence is erect and consists of one (e.g., Liparophyllum) to many flowers. The sympetalous, insect-pollinated flowers are five-parted and either yellow or white. The petals are ciliate or adorned with lateral wings. Fruit type is a capsule.

Species of Menyanthaceae are found worldwide. The genera Menyanthes and Nephrophyllidium grow only in the northern hemisphere, while Liparophyllum and Villarsia occur only in the southern hemisphere. Nymphoides species have a cosmopolitan distribution.

Menyanthaceae species are of economic importance as ornamental water garden plants, with Nymphoides being most commonly traded. The practice of growing non-native water plants has led to several species becoming naturalized or invasive.

Dimorphic heterostyly occurs in all genera but Liparophyllum. In addition, four species of Nymphoides are dioecious.[2]

Genera

Plants of the World Online accepts the following genera:[3]

References

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ Tippery, Nicholas P.; Les, Donald H. (2011). "Phylogenetic Relationships and Morphological Evolution in Nymphoides (Menyanthaceae)". Systematic Botany. 36 (4): 1101–1113. doi:10.1600/036364411X605092. S2CID 83643283.
  3. ^ "Menyanthaceae Dumort". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-09-01.

 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Menyanthaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants in the order Asterales. There are approximately 60-70 species in six genera distributed worldwide. The simple or compound leaves arise alternately from a creeping rhizome. In the submersed aquatic genus Nymphoides, leaves are floating and support a lax, umbellate or racemose inflorescence. In other genera the inflorescence is erect and consists of one (e.g., Liparophyllum) to many flowers. The sympetalous, insect-pollinated flowers are five-parted and either yellow or white. The petals are ciliate or adorned with lateral wings. Fruit type is a capsule.

Species of Menyanthaceae are found worldwide. The genera Menyanthes and Nephrophyllidium grow only in the northern hemisphere, while Liparophyllum and Villarsia occur only in the southern hemisphere. Nymphoides species have a cosmopolitan distribution.

Menyanthaceae species are of economic importance as ornamental water garden plants, with Nymphoides being most commonly traded. The practice of growing non-native water plants has led to several species becoming naturalized or invasive.

Dimorphic heterostyly occurs in all genera but Liparophyllum. In addition, four species of Nymphoides are dioecious.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Menyanthaceae

provided by wikipedia FR

La famille des Menyanthaceae (Ményanthacées) regroupe des plantes dicotylédones ; elle comprend 40 espèces réparties en 5 genres.

Ce sont des plantes herbacées, pérennes, aquatiques ou semi-aquatiques.

Cette famille est représentée en France par le trèfle d'eau (Menyanthes trifoliata) et Nymphoides peltata.

Étymologie

Le nom vient du genre type Menyanthes, issu de Minyanthes (Minyanthes triphyllon), probablement l'ancien nom grec de l'espèce Menyanthes trifoliata, dérivé du grec μινυθο / minytho, « diminuer ; amoindrir », et άνθος / anthos, fleur, en référence à la floraison qui se déroule sur une courte période[1].

Classification

La classification phylogénétique situe cette famille dans l'ordre des Asterales.

Liste des genres

Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (12 nov. 2015)[2], NCBI (12 nov. 2015)[3] et DELTA Angio (12 nov. 2015)[4] :

Selon ITIS (12 nov. 2015)[5] :

Liste des espèces

Selon NCBI (12 Jul 2010)[6] :

Notes et références

license
fr
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia FR

Menyanthaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

La famille des Menyanthaceae (Ményanthacées) regroupe des plantes dicotylédones ; elle comprend 40 espèces réparties en 5 genres.

Ce sont des plantes herbacées, pérennes, aquatiques ou semi-aquatiques.

Cette famille est représentée en France par le trèfle d'eau (Menyanthes trifoliata) et Nymphoides peltata.

license
fr
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia FR

조름나물과

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

조름나물과(----科, 학명: Menyanthaceae 메니안타케아이[*])는 국화목이다.[1] 5개 속에 약 60 - 70여 종이 있다.

잎은 마주나며, 육질인 긴 잎자루를 가지는데, 잎자루의 밑부분은 대부분 꼬투리 모양으로 되어 줄기를 둘러싸고 있다. 주로 물속이나 습지에서 자란다.

하위 분류

  • 어리연꽃속(Nymphoides Ség.)
  • 조름나물속(Menyanthes L.)
  • Liparophyllum Hook.f.
  • Nephrophyllidium Gilg
  • Ornduffia Tippery & Les
  • Villarsia Vent.

계통 분류

다음은 국화목의 계통 분류이다.[2]

국화목    

로우세아과

   

초롱꽃과

       

펜타프라그마과

       

알세우오스미아과

   

아르고필룸과

   

펠리네과

       

스틸리디움과

     

조름나물과

   

구데니아과

   

칼리케라과

   

국화과

           

각주

  1. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Analyse des Familles des Plantes 20, 25. 1829.
  2. “Angiosperm Phylogeny Website”. APWebsite. 2011년. 2019년 2월 1일에 확인함.
Heckert GNU white.svgCc.logo.circle.svg 이 문서에는 다음커뮤니케이션(현 카카오)에서 GFDL 또는 CC-SA 라이선스로 배포한 글로벌 세계대백과사전의 내용을 기초로 작성된 글이 포함되어 있습니다.
 title=
license
ko
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/