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Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Tyromyces palustris (Berk. & Curt.) Murrill
Polyporus palustris Berk. & Curt. Grevillea 1 : 51. 1872.
Pileus sessile, dimidiate, convex above, plane or concave below, much thicker behind, subimbricate, fleshy-tough to rigid and somewhat friable when dry, 4-6X8-10X1-3 cm. ; surface smooth, glabrous, white to slightly yellowish, sometimes rough and tubercular behind ; margin thin or thick, entire or undulate, white, becoming slightly discolored : context 1-2 cm. thick, white, fleshy-fibrous when fresh, becoming firm and somewhat friable when dry ; tubes 2-5 mm. long, white to slightly yellowish within, about 4 to a mm., edges thin, white to yellowish, entire to dentate : spores smooth, hyaline.
Type locality : South Carolina.
Habitat : Trunks of Pinus palustris and certain other species of southern pines.
Distribution : Georgia, Sputh Carolina, and Florida ; Bahamas ; Cuba.
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bibliographic citation
William Alphonso MurrilI, Gertrude Simmons BurIingham, Leigh H Pennington, John Hendly Barnhart. 1907-1916. (AGARICALES); POLYPORACEAE-AGARICACEAE. North American flora. vol 9. New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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Fomitopsis palustris

provided by wikipedia EN

Fomitopsis palustris is a species of polypore fungus in the family Fomitopsidaceae. It causes brown rot, a disease of wood that results from the enzymatic breakdown of the wood component cellulose, but not lignin. Several enzymes involved in the wood-decay process have been biochemically characterized. The whole genome sequence of F. palustris was reported in 2017.[1]

Wood decay enzymes

Fomitopsis palustris is known to possess three different cellulase enzymes.[2]

An endoglucanase, named EG-II, has been purified and characterized from this species in 2008; it is believed to assist in the wood rot process by loosening the polysaccharide network in cell walls by disentangling hemicelluloses associated with cellulose.[3]

References

  1. ^ Hong, C.Y.; Lee, S.Y.; Ryu, S.H.; Kim, M. (2017). "Whole-genome de novo sequencing of wood rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris (ATCC62978) with both a cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzyme system". Journal of Biotechnology. 251: 156–159. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2017.04.009. PMID 28433724.
  2. ^ Yoon, J.J.; Kim, Y.K. (2005). "Degradation of crystalline cellulose by the brown-rot basidiomycete Fomitopsis palustris". Journal of Microbiology. 43 (6): 487–492. PMID 16410763. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
  3. ^ Shimokawa, T.; Shibuya, H.; Nojiri, M.; Yoshida, S.; Ishihara, M. (2008). "Purification, molecular cloning, and enzymatic properties of a family 12 endoglucanase (EG-II) from Fomitopsis palustris: role of EG-II in larch holocellulose hydrolysis". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74 (18): 5857–5861. doi:10.1128/AEM.00435-08. PMC 2547054. PMID 18658283.
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Fomitopsis palustris: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Fomitopsis palustris is a species of polypore fungus in the family Fomitopsidaceae. It causes brown rot, a disease of wood that results from the enzymatic breakdown of the wood component cellulose, but not lignin. Several enzymes involved in the wood-decay process have been biochemically characterized. The whole genome sequence of F. palustris was reported in 2017.

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