Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

IUCN Red List

Name Relationship
Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) Preferred
Bufo laevis Daudin 1802 Synonym
Dactylethera boiei (Wagler, 1827)
Dactylethra bufonia (Merrem, 1820)
Dactylethra capensis Cuvier, 1830
Dactylethra delalandii Cuvier, 1849
Dactylethra laevis (Daudin, 1802)
Engystoma laevis (Daudin, 1802)
Leptopus boiei (Wagler, 1827)
Leptopus oxydactylus Mayer, 1835
Pipa africana Mayer, 1835
Pipa bufonia Merrem, 1820
Pipa laevis (Daudin, 1802)
Tremeropugus typicus Smith, 1831
Xenopus boiei Wagler 1827
Xenopus laevis subspecies bunyoniensis Loveridge, 1932
Xenopus laevis subspecies sudanensis Perret, 1966

South African Vertebrates

Name Relationship
Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) Preferred
Bufo laevis

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Xenopus laevis Preferred
Bufo laevis
Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802)
Xenopus leavis Misspelling


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