The adult beetle is dark brown to black and about one-half centimeter in length. Hive beetles may have 4–5 generations a year during the warmer seasons. Larvae hatch from eggs laid in crevices within the hive, grow to a mature length of 9.5 mm, then crawl or drop out of the hive to pupate underground.
The most effective defense against the small hive beetle is maintaining a strong bee colony. There are also several traps currently on the market, which use non-toxic oil to suffocate the beetles. This allows beekeepers to avoid having toxic chemicals in their beehives. Paradichlorobenzene (PDB) has been used for protecting empty stored combs.
(Ellis 2010; Delaplane 2005; Wikipedia 2011)
- Delaplane, K.S., June 26, 2005 The Small Hive Beetle, Aethina tumida:A new beekeeping pest. The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://www.bugwood.org/factsheets/small_hive_beetle.html
- Ellis, J. D. June 2010. Small hive beetle. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Featured Creatures. Publication number:EENY-474 Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/bees/small_hive_beetle.htm
- Ellis JD, Hepburn HR. 2006. An ecological digest of the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida), a symbiont in honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera). Insectes Sociaux 53: 8-19.
- Elzen PJ, Neumann P. 2004. The biology of the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida, Murray): Gaps in our knowledge of an invasive species. Apidologie 35: 229-247.
- Hood WM. 2004. The small hive beetle, Aethina tumida: A review. Bee World 85: 51-59.
- Sanford, M.T. 1998. Aethina tumida: a new beehive pest in the western hemisphere. Apis 16(7), University of Florida
- Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 17 September, 2011. “Small hive beetle”. Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Small_hive_beetle&oldid=451030070
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