The Asian needle ant, Pachychondyla chinensis, is a ponerine ant native to areas of Japan and Asia. It is one of only four Pachycondyla species found in the United States. Within the United States, it is an adventive and possibly invasive species. It is documented from Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. Unpublished records place it in Alabama and Tennessee. The pest species is of growing concern due to ecological impacts on biodiversity and medical risks to human health, via sting-induced anaphalaxis. It prefers nesting in dark, damp areas in soil beneath stones, logs, stumps, and debris.
- ^ a b Mark P. Nelder, Eric S. Paysen, Patricia A. Zungoli & Eric P. Benson (2006). "Emergence of the introduced ant Pachycondyla chinensis (Formicidae: Ponerinae) as a public health threat in the southeastern United States". Journal of Medical Entomology 43 (5): 1094–1098. doi:10.1603/0022-2585(2006)43[1094:EOTIAP]2.0.CO;2. PMID 17017251.
- ^ Joe MacGown. "Ants (Formicidae) of the southeastern United States". Mississippi Entomological Museum. http://mississippientomologicalmuseum.org.msstate.edu/Researchtaxapages/Formicidaepages/genericpages/Pachycondyla.chinensis.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- ^ a b Pat Zungoli. "Asian needle ant, Pachycondyla chinensis (Emery)". Household & Structural Urban Entomology. Clemson University. http://entweb.clemson.edu/urban/pachy.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- ^ Benoit Guénard & Robert R. Dunn (2010). "A new (old), invasive ant in the hardwood forests of eastern North America and its potentially widespread impacts". PLoS ONE 5 (7): e11614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011614. PMC 2908120. PMID 20657769. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2908120.
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